Art Blakey

Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
Art Blakey (Buhaina)
Buhaina
Buhaina
Nazionalità Stati Uniti Stati Uniti
Genere Jazz
Bebop
Hard bop
Periodo di attività circa 1943 – 1990
Sito web

Arthur "Art" Blakey (Pittsburgh, 11 novembre 191916 ottobre 1990) è stato un batterista statunitense. Insieme a Kenny Clarke e Max Roach, è stato uno degli inventori della tecnica batteristica applicata al moderno stile bebop.

Biografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Nato a Pittsburgh, arrivò a New York nel 1938 con la pianista Mary Lou Williams. Nel 1940 entra nel gruppo di Fletcher Henderson. Ma il salto di qualità artistico e professionale lo compie tra il 1943 e il 1947, quando viene ingaggiato dalla prima orchestra bop del cantante Billy Eckstine; con lui nella band ci sono Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Fats Navarro, Sarah Vaughan e i nove decimi del gotha della storia del be-bop. Durante una lunga visita in Africa occidentale, verso fine degli anni quaranta, Art si convertì all'Islam, assumendo il nome di Abdullah Ibn Buhaina.

Nel 1955 fondò con Horace Silver i Jazz Messengers, un gruppo di Hard bop che è stato scuola per molti giovani musicisti del 1950, 1960, e con cui collaborarono, come solisti o come parte della formazione, musicisti quali Wayne Shorter, Hank Mobley, Kenny Dorham, Donald Byrd, Bobby Timmons, Benny Golson, Bill Hardman, Thelonius Monk, Chuck Mangione, Keith Jarrett, Curtis Fuller, Johnny Griffin, Freddie Hubbard, Lou Donaldson, Clifford Brown, Jackie McLean, Lee Morgan, Terence Blanchard, Bobby Watson, James Williams, Cedar Walton, Branford Marsalis e Wynton Marsalis. Art portò avanti il gruppo da solo dopo l'abbandono di Horace, con il nome Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, continuando a suonare in tutto il mondo fino ai tardi anni ottanta. Nella sua vita partecipa a varie manifestazioni all'interno nell'Europa centro-nord come: Belgio, Italia, Zurigo, Monaco ecc. In Italia nel 1963, in occasione del Festival Internazionale del Jazz di San Remo, presentato in pubblico da Adriana Serra, suona i principali suoi pezzi jazz in compagnia di un sestetto con i musicisti tra i più rappresentativi del Jazz-Bebop anni '50-'60.

Discografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 1953 Horace Silver Trio & Art Blakey + Sabu
  • 1953 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Birdland)
  • 1954 A Night at Birdland, Vol. 1 (Blue Note Records)
  • 1954 A Night at Birdland, Vol. 2 (Blue Note Records)
  • 1954 A Night at Birdland, Vols. 1-3
  • 1954 Art Blakey Quintet, Vol. 2
  • 1954 Blakey with the Jazz Messengers
  • 1954 Jazz Messages
  • 1955 At the Cafe Bohemia, Vol. 1-2
  • 1956 Drum Suite
  • 1956 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Columbia)
  • 1956 Art Blakey with the Original Jazz Messengers
  • 1956 Hard Bop
  • 1956 Originally
  • 1956 Sessions Live: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1956 The Jazz Messengers (Columbia)
  • 1957 Art Blakey & His Rhythm
  • 1957 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Bethlehem)
  • 1957 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers Live
  • 1957 Art Blakey Big Band
  • 1957 Art Blakey/John Handy: Messages
  • 1957 Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers With Thelonious Monk
  • 1957 Cu-Bop
  • 1957 Dawn on the Desert
  • 1957 Jazz Messengers Play Lerner and Loewe
  • 1957 Midnight Session
  • 1957 Once upon a Groove
  • 1957 Orgy in Rhythm, Vol. 1-2
  • 1957 Reflections on Buhaini
  • 1957 Ritual: The Modern Jazz Messengers
  • 1957 Theory of Art
  • 1958 Somethin' Else
  • 1958 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Blue Note)
  • 1958 Au Club Saint-Germain, Vols. 1-3
  • 1958 Holiday for Skins, Vol. 1-2
  • 1958 Live in Holland (1958)
  • 1958 Moanin' (Blue Note)
  • 1958 Paris 1958
  • 1959 Africaine
  • 1959 At the Jazz Corner of the World, Vol. 1-2
  • 1959 Live in Copenhagen
  • 1959 Live in Stockholm
  • 1959 Paris Concert: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1959 Paris Jam Session
  • 1960 A Night in Tunisia [Blue Note]
  • 1960 The Big Beat
  • 1960 Electric Sticks
  • 1960 Lausanne 1960, Pt. 1
  • 1960 Like Someone in Love
  • 1960 Live in Stockholm
  • 1960 Meet You at the Jazz Corner of the World, Vol. 1-2
  • 1961 A Day with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, Vol. 1-2
  • 1961 Art Blakey!!!!! Jazz Messengers!!!!!
  • 1961 Paris Jazz Concert
  • 1961 Roots & Herbs
  • 1961 The Freedom Rider
  • 1961 The Witch Doctor
  • 1962 Caravan
  • 1962 Live Messengers
  • 1962 The African Beat
  • 1962 Three Blind Mice, Vols. 1 & 2
  • 1963 Ugetsu
  • 1963 A Jazz Message
  • 1963 Buhaina's Delight
  • 1963 Selections from the Film 'Golden Boy'
  • 1964 Free for All
  • 1964 Kyoto
  • 1965 Indestructible
  • 1965 'S Make It
  • 1966 Buttercorn Lady
  • 1966 Hold On, I'm Coming
  • 1966 Tough!
  • 1968 Art Blakey Live!
  • 1969 Mellow Blues
  • 1970 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Catalyst)
  • 1971 For Minors Only
  • 1972 Art's Break: Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers
  • 1972 Child's Dance
  • 1973 Anthenagin
  • 1973 Buhaina
  • 1976 Backgammon
  • 1976 Percussion Discussion
  • 1977 Gypsy Folk Tales: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1977 In My Prime, Vol. 1
  • 1978 In My Prime, Vol. 2
  • 1978 In This Korner
  • 1978 Mirage
  • 1978 Reflections in Blue
  • 1979 Hard Drive
  • 1979 One by One: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1980 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers (Who's Who)
  • 1980 Live at Montreux and Northsea
  • 1981 Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers in Sweden
  • 1981 Killer Joe: Art Blakey & George Kawaguchi
  • 1982 Art Blakey & The All Star Messengers
  • 1982 Oh, by the Way
  • 1983 Aurex Jazz Festival '83: Art Blakey and the All Star Jazz Messengers
  • 1984 New York Scene
  • 1984 Super Live: Art Blakey and the All Star Jazz Messengers
  • 1985 Blue Night
  • 1985 Buhaina: The Continuing Message
  • 1985 Dr. Jeckyl: Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers
  • 1985 Hard Champion: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1985 Live at Kimball's
  • 1985 Live at Ronnie Scott's: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers [DRG]
  • 1985 Live at Sweet Basil: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1985 New Year's Eve at Sweet Basil: Art Blakey and His Jazz Messengers
  • 1988 I Get a Kick out of Bu
  • 1988 Not Yet
  • 1988 Olympia Concert: Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers
  • 1988 Standards: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 1989 Feel the Wind
  • 1990 Chippin' In
  • 1990 Mosaic
  • 1990 One for All
  • 1990 Three Blind Mice, Vol. 2
  • 1991 Jazz Messenger (Columbia)
  • 1991 The Best of Art Blakey (Blue Note/Capitol)
  • 1992 A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March
  • 1992 The Best of Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers - Art Collection
  • 1993 Art Blakey in Sweden
  • 1996 Art Blakey (Impulse!)
  • 1996 Au Théâtre Des Champs-Élysées
  • 1997 Jazz Profile
  • 1997 Orgy in Rhythm, Vol. 1-2
  • 1998 Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers (Point)
  • 1998 Drum King
  • 1998 Planet Jazz
  • 1998 The Concord Jazz Heritage Series
  • 1999 Drums Around the Corner
  • 1999 Art Blakey Is Jazz
  • 1999 Blakey
  • 1999 Different Drummers
  • 1999 Greatest Hits
  • 1999 Jazz Archives: Blakey
  • 1999 Jazz Messengers/Blues at Carnegie Hall
  • 1999 New York City, Birdland Club February 21, 1954
  • 1999 The Sounds of Art Blakey, Vol. 1
  • 2000 Coast to Coast
  • 2000 Immortal Concerts
  • 2000 Ken Burns Jazz
  • 2000 Les Incontournables
  • 2000 Live in Europe: 1959
  • 2000 Reflections of Buhaina
  • 2000 Round About Midnight
  • 2000 Round About Midnight, Vol. 2
  • 2000 Southern Devils: Paris Jazz Concert—May 13, 1961, Vol. 1
  • 2001 Jazz Collection
  • 2001 Live: Olympia 5-13-61, Pt. 1
  • 2001 Live: Olympia 5-13-61, Pt. 2
  • 2001 Live: Olympia 5-13-61, Pt. 3
  • 2001 My Ideal
  • 2002 Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers With Thelonious Monk (Atlantic)
  • 2002 Hold On, I'm Coming
  • 2002 Meet You at the Jazz Corner of the World (Complete)
  • 2002 Recuerdo
  • 2002 Works of Art
  • 2002 Workshop
  • 2003 Essential
  • 2003 The Birthday Concert
  • 2004 Blakey's Beat
  • 2004 Blue Note Years, Vol. 1
  • 2004 Freedom Rider/Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers
  • 2004 Meet You at the Jazz Corner of the World (Japan)
  • 2004 Ozzie in Rhythm, Vol. 2

Video[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 2004 Live at Village Vanguard
  • 2003 Live at the Smithsonian
  • 2003 Live from Ronnie Scott's (DVD)
  • 2003 Modern Jazz at the Village Vanguard
  • 2001 Jazz Life, Vol. 2
  • 1998 Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers
  • 1995 The Jazz Messenger (Video/DVD)
  • 1986 At Ronnie Scott's London (Video)
  • 1983 Jazz at the Smithsonian

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Collegamenti esterni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Video[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Controllo di autorità VIAF: 10032579 LCCN: n81023040