Città del mondo per popolazione

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Questa è una lista delle città più popolose del mondo, definito in base al concetto di città vera e propria (località urbana senza considerare i suoi sobborghi). La città vera e propria è una località definita secondo criteri giuridici o politici e da uno status urbano riconosciuto amministrativamente che solitamente è caratterizzato da un governo locale.[1][2][3]

"World Urbanization Prospects", una pubblicazione delle Nazioni Unite, definisce la popolazione di una vera e propria città come "la popolazione che vive entro i confini amministrativi di una città."[4]

Pos. Città Popolazione Anno di rilevamento Definizione Superficie (km²) Densità popolazione (ab/km²) Nazione
1 Shanghai 23 710 000 [5] 2012 Core districts + inner suburbs[6] 6 340,5 3 739,45 Cina Cina
2 Karachi 23 500 000[7] 2013 City District 3 527 6 662 Pakistan Pakistan
3 Pechino 19 612 368[8] 2010 Core districts + inner suburbs[6] 16 801,25 1 167,32 Cina Cina
4 Tokyo 15 185 502[9] 2011 Quartieri di Tōkyō[10] 2 187 6 941 Giappone Giappone
5 Mumbai 13 830 884[11] 2010 Corporazione Municipale 437,71 31 214 India India
6 Istanbul 13 854 740[12] 2010 Municipalità metropolitana 5 343 2 593 Turchia Turchia
7 Mosca 11 612 943[13] 2012 City proper 2 550[14] 4 554 Russia Russia
8 San Paolo 11 253 503[15] 2011 Municipality 1 523 7 389 Brasile Brasile
9 Lagos 11 128 451[16] 2006 statistical area 999,6 11 132,9 Nigeria Nigeria
10 Delhi 11 007 835[11] 2011 Corporazione Municipale 1 483[17] 7 422 India India
11 Seul 10 528 774[18] 2011 Special City 605,25[19] 17 288 Corea del Sud Corea del Sud
12 Giacarta 9 588 198[20] 2010 Capoluogo di distretto speciale 662,33 14 476 Indonesia Indonesia
13 Città del Messico 8 873 017[21] 2010 Distretto Federale 1 485,49[22] 5 973 Messico Messico
14 Kinshasa 8 754 000[23] 2010 City-Province[24] 2 016 4 342 RD del Congo RD del Congo
15 New York 8 363 710[25] 2008 City proper 789,4 10 452 Stati Uniti Stati Uniti
16 Bangalore 8 425 970[26] 2011 Corporazione Municipale 709,5[26] 8 231 India India
17 Londra 8 174 000[27] 2007 Greater London[28] 1 580 4 863 Regno Unito Regno Unito
18 Lima 7 605 742[29] 2007 Province[30] 2 670,4 2 848 Perù Perù
19 Bogotá 7 259 597[31] 2009 Distretto della capitale 1 590 4 566 Colombia Colombia
20 Teheran 7 241 000[23] 2010 City proper 760 10 359 Iran Iran
21 Hong Kong 7 026 400[32] 2008 Special Administrative Region 1 092 6 434 Cina Cina
22 Bangkok 7 025 000[33] 2009 Administrative area 1 568,74 4 478 Thailandia Thailandia
23 Dacca 7 000 940[34] 2008 City Corporation 360[35] 19 447 Bangladesh Bangladesh
24 Il Cairo 6 758 581[36] 2006 Governorate 453 17 190 Egitto Egitto
25 Hanoi 6 500 000[37] 2010 Province-level municipality 3 344,7 1 943,4 Vietnam Vietnam
26 Rio de Janeiro 6 323 037[38] 2010 Municipality 1 182 5 349 Brasile Brasile
27 Lahore 6 318 745[39] 2007 City District 1 772 3 566 Pakistan Pakistan
28 Chongqing 5 954 800[40] 2008 Core districts[6] 5 467 1 089 Cina Cina
29 Tientsin 5 800 000[41] 2005 Core districts + inner suburbs[6] 2 057 2 820 Cina Cina
30 Baghdad 5 402 486[11] City proper 1 134 4 064 Iraq Iraq
31 Riyad 5 188 286[42] 2010 City proper 800 6 485 Arabia Saudita Arabia Saudita
32 Calcutta 5 138 208[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 185 27 774 India India
33 Singapore 5 076 007[43] 2010 Country/City 710,2 7 147 Singapore Singapore
34 Santiago 5 012 973[44] 2009 Province[45] 2 030 2 469 Cile Cile
35 San Pietroburgo 4 868 520[13] 2010 City proper 1 399[14] 3 480 Russia Russia
36 Surat 4 786 002[46] 2010 Corporazione Municipale 326,515[47] 14 658 India India
37 Chennai 4 616 639[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 187 24 688 India India
38 Yangon 4 350 000[23] 2012 City proper 598,75[48] 6 828 Birmania Birmania
39 Canton 4 261 800[49] 2008 Core districts[6] 280[49] 15 220 Cina Cina
40 Alessandria d'Egitto 4 110 015[36] 2006 Governorate 2 680 1 611 Egitto Egitto
41 Shenyang 4 101 197[50] (2006-12-31) Core districts 3 495 1 173 Cina Cina
42 Hyderabad 4 068 611[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 621,48[51] 6 546 India India
43 Ahmedabad 3 959 432[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 204 19 944 India India
44 Ankara 3 901 201[52] 2007 Metropolitan Municipality 2 516 1 551 Turchia Turchia
45 Johannesburg 3 888 180[53] 2007 Municipalità metropolitana 1 644,96 2 364 Sudafrica Sudafrica
46 Wuhan 3 807 950[54] 2009 Core districts[6] 379,4 10 036 Cina Cina
47 Los Angeles 3 792 621[55] 2010 City proper 1 290 2 940 Stati Uniti Stati Uniti
48 Yokohama 3 680 267[56] 2010 Città 437,38 8 414 Giappone Giappone
49 Abidjan 3 660 682[57] 2003 Department/District 2 119 1 728 Costa d'Avorio Costa d'Avorio
50 Busan 3 600 381[58] Metropolitan City 766,12[58] 4 666 Corea del Sud Corea del Sud
51 Città del Capo 3 497 097[53] 2007 Municipalità metropolitana 2 454,72 1 424 Sudafrica Sudafrica
52 Durban 3 468 086[53] 2007 Municipalità metropolitana 2 291,89 1 513 Sudafrica Sudafrica
53 Pune 3 446 330[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 450,69 7 647 India India
54 Jedda 3 430 697[42] 2010 City proper 1 230 2 789 Arabia Saudita Arabia Saudita
55 Berlino 3 426 354[59] 2008 City state 892 3 842 Germania Germania
56 Casablanca 3 299 179[60] 2009 Province-level municipality 873 3 779 Marocco Marocco
57 Pyongyang 3 255 388[61] 2008 Direct-controlled municipality 3 194 1 019 Corea del Nord Corea del Nord
58 Kanpur 3 221 435[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 267 12 065 India India
59 Madrid 3 213 271[62] 2008 Municipality 698 4 604 Spagna Spagna
60 Jaipur 3 210 570[11] 2012 Corporazione Municipale 485 6 620 India India
61 Nairobi 3 138 369[63] 2009 Provincia 696 4 509 Kenya Kenya

Note[modifica | modifica sorgente]

  1. ^ World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database, Esa.un.org. URL consultato il 26 luglio 2010.
  2. ^ United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics, Millenniumindicators.un.org. URL consultato il 26 luglio 2010.
  3. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57, United Nations, 2008, p. 756, ISBN 92-1-051099-2. URL consultato il 19 luglio 2010.
  4. ^ World Urbanization Prospects, United Nations, 2004, p. 105, ISBN 92-1-141386-0 . URL consultato il 19 luglio 2010.
  5. ^ Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2009, Total of permanent population (including "floating population"). Retrieved on 2009-07-17. Total population as of 2008-12-31 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Pudong New Area, Huangpu, Luwan, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Yangpu, Baoshan, Minhang, and Jiading.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Refers to fully urban districts, that is districts with a population density of over 1,500 per km².
  7. ^ Sindh Bureau of Statistics, Selected Tables of District Development Indicators, 2008; Population (Total) of 1998 Census and 2008 (Projected) (pdf-file) [collegamento interrotto] Retrieved on 2008-08-05. Including three rural towns (Gadap Town, Bin Qasim Town, and Kiamari Town, as well as six cantonments (Clifton Cantonment, Faisal Cantonment, Karachi Cantonment, Korangi Creek Cantonment, Malir Cantonment and Manora Cantonment) under military jurisdiction.
  8. ^ Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2008, Total number of permanent population (including "floating population") Retrieved on 2010-03-14. Total population on 2010-12-31 (1% sample census) of the two functional areas of 1) Core Districts of Capital Function and 2) Urban Function Extended Districts, including eight fully urban districts. The data is for so-called 'permanent population'; registered population was 19 612 368 the same year.
  9. ^ Official monthly estimated de jure population by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (in Japanese). Population estimate on 2010-06-01.
  10. ^ Corresponds to the former City of Tokyo merged into the Tokyo Metropolis on July 1, 1943. The whole of 23 wards is now a special local public entity which provides limited public service, and is sometimes statistically treated as the city proper of Tokyo (e.g. Statistical Bureau of Japan, The Population of capital cities and cities of 100 000 or more inhabitants. United Nations Statistics Division).
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j World: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population, World Gazetteer. URL consultato il 30 marzo 2010.
  12. ^ Statistics of the 2010 Turkey census
  13. ^ a b Federal State Statistics Service, Russia (xls, in Russian) 2011-01-01 Esimation based on National Census 2010-10-14. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  14. ^ a b Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Federal Registration, Cadastre&Cartograhy Service . Russia Landuse National Report 2008, p.187-188 (in Russian)
  15. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística; Censo Demografico 2010, resultados, São Paulo (zip) Retrieved on 2010-12-01. Census results for 2010-08-01.
  16. ^ Summing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos (Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Eti-Osa, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ikeja, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere) as per:
    Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census (PDF), 15 maggio 2007. URL consultato il 29 giugno 2007 (archiviato dall'url originale il 4 luglio 2007).
  17. ^ CHAPTER IV Area and Density – Metropolitan Cities, Ministry of Urban Development. Government of India. URL consultato l'8 novembre 2009.
  18. ^ Seoul Statistics (Population), Seoul Metropolitan Government. URL consultato il 28 marzo 2012.
  19. ^ Seoul Statistics (Land Area), Seoul Metropolitan Government. URL consultato il 24 marzo 2010.
  20. ^ Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010, Provinsi DKI Jakarta (pdf) 2010 Census result. Retrieved on 2010-11-21.
  21. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, México; Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010, Resultados preliminares Preliminary 2010 Census results. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
  22. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población, México; Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México 2005 Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
  23. ^ a b c UN world Urbanization Prospects estimate for 2010. While the UN list is nominally a list of urban agglomerations, this particular city is listed as using the "city proper" statistical concept in the sources section of the UN report.
  24. ^ Excluding the rural commune of Maluku
  25. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008, US Census Bureau. URL consultato il 30 settembre 2009.
  26. ^ a b www.censusindia.gov.in/2011, Government of Karnataka. URL consultato il 9 novembre 2009. [collegamento interrotto]
  27. ^ UK Office of National Statistics -- mid-2011 population estimate for London region
  28. ^ Composed of 32 London boroughs
  29. ^ INEI 2007 Census Results
  30. ^ Composed of 43 independent districts
  31. ^ Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística. Proyecciones de población municipales por área, 2005-2009, a junio 30. (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected population on 2009-06-30.
  32. ^ Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong; Population and Vital Events Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Estimated population on 2008-12-31. Including 'usual' and 'mobile' residents, but excluding temporary visitors.
  33. ^ National Statistical Office Thailand, Key Statistics of Thailand 2007; Chapter 1.9, Population Projections (1 July) by Region and Sex (embedded in huge 121MB zipped file!) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected de facto population as of 2009. The registered (de jure) population was 5,695,956 in 2006.
  34. ^ Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Pocket Book, 2008 (pdf-file) 2008 Population Estimate. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
  35. ^ Dhaka Area, Dhaka City Corporation. URL consultato il 6 febbraio 2010.
  36. ^ a b Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Population and Housing Census 2006, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex (excel-file) For Cairo, figure is an adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on the 17th of April 2008 from a.o. parts of the Cairo governorate.
  37. ^ General Statistics Office Of Vietnam, Gso.gov.vn. URL consultato il 26 luglio 2010.
  38. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística; Censo Demografico 2010, resultados, Rio de Janeiro (zip) Retrieved on 2010-12-01. Census results for 2010-08-01.
  39. ^ GeoHive, Pakistan - The Punjab - Administrative units 1998 Census result for Lahore District. Accessed on 2008-09-28. The UN estimated the population of Lahore to be 6,577,000 in 2007. However, that estimate is based on now obsolete administrative boundaries for the Lahore Metropolitan Corporation. The administrative boundaries for Lahore was changed in 2001, when it was transformed from Metropolitan Corporation into a City District. The City District includes the old Metropolitan Corporation as well as the surrounding district. The District of Lahore had a total of 6,318,745 inhabitants in 1998, compared to 5,143,495 for the Metropolitan Corporation. Current, but vague, estimates puts the population of the district at somewhere between 7.5 and 10 millions.
  40. ^ Chongqing Statistical Yearbook. Refers to the statistical area known as the Metropolitan Advanced Economic Sphere (都市发达经济圈) consisting of nine districts. Population figure as of 2008-12-31.
  41. ^ Tianjin Statistical Information Net. Retrieved on 2009-01-29. Total population as of 2005-11-01 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Heping, Hedong, Hexi, Nankai, Hebei, Hongqiao, Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, and Beichen. Excludes the separate urban area of Binhai.
  42. ^ a b Central Department of Statistics and Information, Saudi Arabia; Population of cities with at least 5,000 inhabitants, at the 2010 Population Census (pdf, in arabic) Retrieved on 2010-12-13.
  43. ^ Statistics Singapore, Population (Mid-Year Estimates) Retrieved on September 23, 2010. Estimated population on Mid-2010, including Singapore residents plus non-residents. Population of Singapore citizens and residents was 3,642,700 on 2008-06-30.
  44. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Chile; Proyecciones de población al 30 de Junio 1990-2020, Region Metropolitana de Santiago; Provincias (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected population on 2009-06-30.
  45. ^ Composed of 32 independent municipalities
  46. ^ Surat Municipal Corporation; Mid-Year Population Estimates Retrieved on 2010-09-23. Projected population as of 2010 (Mid-year population estimate), including areas within the new and extended city boundaries.
  47. ^ Demographics: Surat Municipal Corporation
  48. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  49. ^ a b Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. Sum of the population of the following districts: Yuexiu, Liwan, Haizhu, and Tianhe. Population as of the end of 2008.
  50. ^ City and region database of Statistics Finland
  51. ^ Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010, GHMC. URL consultato il 12 aprile 2010.
  52. ^ TUIK, Address-based population registration system: Inside-Outside District Centers Population By Province And Sex And Population Density 2007, TUIK. URL consultato il 22 luglio 2010.
  53. ^ a b c Statistics South Africa, Community Survey, 2007, Basic Results Municipalities (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  54. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2009. Retrieved on 2010-04-27. Total population as of 2008-12-31 of the following districts: Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang, and Qingshan
  55. ^ Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- Place more information 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (California), U.S. Census Bureau. URL consultato il 10 marzo 2011.
  56. ^ Official monthly estimated de jure population by the Kanagawa Prefectural Government (in Japanese). Population estimate on 2010-06-01.
  57. ^ Abidjan District estimate for 2003
  58. ^ a b Busan: Population and area of Administrative units, Busan Metropolitan City. URL consultato il 12 febbraio 2011.
  59. ^ Bevölkerungsstand im Land Berlin in Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. URL consultato il 31 luglio 2008.
  60. ^ General Statistics Office Of Morocco, Gso.gov.vn. URL consultato il 26 luglio 2010.
  61. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1-15 October 2008 (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  62. ^ INE (2008)
  63. ^ Minister of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030; 2009 Population and Housing Census Results (pdf) Retrieved on 2010-12-13.

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