Harold Bloom

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Harold Bloom (New York, 11 luglio 1930) è un critico letterario statunitense.

Biografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Fra i più influenti critici letterari statunitensi, è professore emerito all'Università di Yale ed è stato Sterling Professor di Discipline Classiche alla stessa Università, e Berg Professor di Lingua e letteratura inglese all'Università di New York. Fra gli autori a lui cari spiccano, in particolare, William Shakespeare e Dante Alighieri (da lui considerati i due "centri" del cosiddetto Canone Occidentale) e poi Sigmund Freud, i mistici chassidici e Ralph Waldo Emerson, da lui definito "Mr America" e considerato "la figura centrale della cultura americana".

È famoso anche per le sue critiche feroci ad alcuni Premi Nobel per la letteratura: da Doris Lessing, accusata di aver scritto un solo libro decente quarant’anni prima, divenuta poi autrice di fantascienza femminista, a Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, che ritiene illeggibile, a Dario Fo, che definisce semplicemente ridicolo. Toni Morrison non sarebbe degna del premio.[1]

Autori italiani del Novecento nel canone di Bloom[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

I seguenti scrittori italiani del Novecento sono inclusi nel Canone Occidentale della letteratura compilato da Bloom:

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ Il lamento di Bloom: è un Nobel per idioti - Corriere della Sera

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]


Altre opere[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • (Curatore) English Romantic Poetry, An Anthology, Doubleday, 1961, two-volume revised edition, Anchor, 1963.
  • (Curatore, con John Hollander) The Wind and the Rain, Doubleday, 1961.
  • (Curatore) The Literary Criticism of John Ruskin, Anchor, 1965.
  • (Curatore, con Frederick W. Hilles) From Sensibility to Romanticism: Essays Presented to Frederick A. Pottle, Oxford University Press, 1965.
  • (Curatore) Percy Bysshe Shelley, Selected Poetry, New American Library (New York, NY), 1966.
  • (Curatore) Walter Horatio Pater, Marius the Epicurean: His Sensations and Ideas, New American Library, 1970.
  • "The Internalization of Quest-Romance" e "The Unpastured Sea: An Introduction to Shelley," in Romanticism and Consciousness: Essays in Criticism, a cura di Harold Bloom, Norton, 1970.
  • (Curatore) Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Selected Poetry, New American Library, 1972.
  • (Curatore) The Romantic Tradition in American Literature, 33 volumi, Arno, 1972.
  • (Curatore, con Lionel Trilling) Romantic Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Curatore, con Trilling) Victorian Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Curatore, con Frank Kermode, Hollander, e altri) Oxford Anthology of English Literature, 2 volumi, Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • (Curatore) Selected Writings of Walter Pater, Columbia University Press, New York, 1974.
  • (Introduzione) Somewhere Is Such a Kingdom: Poems 1952-1971, di Geoffrey Hill, 1975.
  • (Curatore, con Adrienne Munich) Robert Browning: A Collection of Critical Essays, Prentice-Hall, 1979.
  • (Curatore, con David V. Erdman) The Complete Poetry and Prose by William Blake, Bantam Doubleday Dell, November 1981.
  • (Introduzione) On the Bible: Eighteen Studies by Martin Buber, New York: Schocken, 1982.
  • (Premessa) Elizabeth Bishop and her art, curato da Lloyd Schwartz & Sybil P. Estess, University of Michigan Press, 1983.
  • (Introduzione) Musical Variations on Jewish Thought by Olivier Revault d'Allonnes, Trad. dal francese da Judith L. Greenberg, New York, Geo. Braziller, 1984.
  • (Premessa) The Romantic Sublime by Thomas Weiskel, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2nd Edition, 1986.
    • (Postfazione) Pseudo-Longino, Il sublime, a cura di Giovanni Lombardo, Palermo: Aesthetica, 1987
  • (Postfazione) Selected poems of Jay Wright, curato e con introduzione di Robert B. Stepto, 1987.
  • (Premessa) Literary Outtakes, di Larry Dark, Ballantine, 1990.
  • (Curatore, con Frank Kermode, Lionel Trilling, John Hollander) The Oxford Anthology of English Literature, Vol. 2, Oxford University Press, November 1990.
  • (Curatore, con Lionel Trilling) Victorian Prose and Poetry, Oxford University Press, novembre 1990.
  • (Premessa) Freud's Dream of Interpretation, di Ken Frieden, novembre 1990.
  • (Introduzione) Unlocking the English Language, di Robert Burchfield, New York, Hill & Wang/FSG, 1991.
  • (Commento) The Gospel of Thomas, The Hidden Sayings of Jesus, Traduzione, con introduzione, edizione critica del testo Copto, con note di Marvin Meyer, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992.
  • (Curatore, con Paul Kane) Collected Poems and Translations of Ralph Waldo Emerson, di Ralph Waldo Emerson, Library of America, aprile 1992.
  • (Commento) Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory, di Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi, e William Golding, University of Washington Press, marzo 1996.
  • (Postfazione) A Dybbuk and Other Tales of the Supernatural, Trad. di S. Ansky & Joachim Neugroschel, adattato da Tony Kushner, Consortium Book Sales, maggio 1997.
  • (Curatore, con David Lehman) The Best of the Best American Poetry 1988-1997, Scribner, 1998.
  • (Introduzione, con Ralph Manheim) Alone with the Alone: Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn 'Arabi by Henry Corbin, Princeton University Press, aprile 1998.
  • (Introduzione) The Collected Poems of Robert Penn Warren, curato da John Burt, Louisiana State University Press, ottobre 1998.
  • (Premessa) Death in Venice, Tonio Kröger, and Other Writings by Thomas Mann, curato da Frederick A. Lubich, Continuum Intl Publishing Group, luglio 1999.
  • (Introduzione) The Body Electric: America's best Poetry from the American poetry Review, di Stephen Berg, 2000.
  • (Introduzione) On the Bible: Eighteen Studies by Martin Buber, curato da Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Syracuse University Press, febbraio 2000.
  • (Postfazione) Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Foreword by Walter James Miller, Signet Classic paperback: August 2000.
  • (Premessa) Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays, With a new foreword by Harold Bloom, di Northrop Frye, agosto 2000.
  • (Introduzione) Blood Meridian, by Cormac McCarthy, gennaio 2001.
  • (Introduzione) The Complete Poems of Hart Crane, The Centennial Edition, curato da Marc Simon, con nuova introd. di Harold Bloom, maggio 2001.
  • (Introduzione) Absorbing Perfections: Kabbalah and Interpretation di Moshe Idel, Yale University Press, 2002.
  • (Premessa) Long Day's Journey into Night, di Eugene O'Neill, febbraio 2002.
  • (Premessa) Côte Blanche di Martha Serpas, febbraio 2002.
  • (Premessa) Atlantic Poets: Fernando Pessoa's turn in Anglo-American modernism, di Irene Ramalho Santos, University Press of New England, 2003.
  • (Curatore) Walt Whitman, Selected Poems by Walt Whitman, febbraio 2003.
  • (Premessa) Selected Poems by Conrad Aiken, Oxford University Press, April 2003.
  • (Premessa) The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain, di Maria Rosa Menocal, aprile 2003.
  • (Introduzione) Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, Trad. di Edith Grossman, Ecco Press, novembre 2003.
  • (Introduzione) Peripheral Light, Selected and New Poems, by John Kinsella, novembre 2003.
  • (Introduzione) Leaves of Grass, di Walt Whitman, 2005
    • Foglie d'erba, tr. e introduzione di Giuseppe Conte, Mondadori 1991 (collana «Oscar classici» 297). ISBN 88-04-50660-1
  • (Premessa) The Iceman Cometh, di Eugene O'Neill, Yale University Press, 2006.

Scelta di articoli[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • On Extended Wings; Wallace Stevens' Longer Poems. By Helen Hennessy Vendler, (review), New York Times, October 5, 1969.
  • Poets' meeting in the heyday of their youth; A Single Summer With Lord Byron, New York Times, February 15, 1970.
  • An angel's spirit in a decaying (and active) body, New York Times, November 22, 1970.
  • The Use of Poetry, New York Times, November 12, 1975.
  • Northrop Frye exalting the designs of romance; The Secular Scripture, New York Times, April 18, 1976.
  • On Solitude in America, New York Times, August 4, 1977.
  • The Critic/Poet, New York Times, February 5, 1978.
  • A Fusion of Traditions; Rosenberg, New York Times, July 22, 1979.
  • Straight Forth Out of Self, New York Times, June 22, 1980.
  • The Heavy Burden of the Past; Poets, New York Times, January 4, 1981.
  • The Pictures of the Poet; The Painting and Drawings of William Blake, By Martin Butlin. Vol. I, Text. Vol. II, Plates, (Review) New York Times, January 3, 1982.
  • A Novelist's Bible; The Story of the Stories, The Chosen People and Its God. By Dan Jacobson, (Review) New York Times, October 17, 1982.
  • Isaac Bashevis Singer's Jeremiad; The Penitent, By Isaac Bashevis Singer, (Review) New York Times, September 25, 1983.
  • Domestic Derangements; A Late Divorce, By A. B. Yehoshua Translated by Hillel Halkin, (Review) New York Times, February 19, 1984.
  • War Within the Walls; In the Freud Archives, By Janet Malcolm, (Review) New York Times, May 27, 1984.
  • His Long Ordeal by Laughter; Zuckerman Bound, A Trilogy and Epilogue. By Philip Roth, (Review) New York Times, May 19, 1985.
  • A Comedy of Worldly Salvation; The Good Apprentice, By Iris Murdoch, (Review) New York Times, January 12, 1986.
  • Freud, the Greatest Modern Writer (Review) New York Times, March 23, 1986.
  • Passionate Beholder of America in Trouble; Look Homeward, A Life of Thomas Wolfe. By David Herbert Donald, (Review) New York Times, February 8, 1987.
  • The Book of the Father; The Messiah of Stockholm, By Cynthia Ozick, (Review) New York Times, March 22, 1987.
  • Still Haunted by Covenant; The Penguin Book of Modern Yiddish Verse, Edited by Irving Howe, Ruth R. Wisse and Khone Shmeruk; American Yiddish Poetry, A Bilingual Anthology. Edited by Benjamin and Barbara Harshav; Selected Poems of Yankev Glatshteyn, Edited and translated by Richard J. Fein, (Reviews) New York Times, January 31, 1988.
  • New Heyday of Gnostic Heresies, New York Times, April 26, 1992.
  • A Jew Among the Cossacks; The first English translation of Isaac Babel's journal about his service with the Russian cavalry. 1920 Diary, By Isaac Babel, (Review) New York Times, June 4, 1995.
  • Kaddish; By Leon Wieseltier, (Review) New York Times, October 4, 1998.
  • View; On First Looking Into Gates's Crichton, New York Times, June 4, 2000.
  • What Ho, Malvolio!'; The election, as Shakespeare might have seen it, New York Times, December 6, 2000.
  • Macbush, (play) Vanity Fair, April, 2004.

Premi[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Fulbright Fellowship, 1955
  • John Addison Porter Prize, Yale University, 1956, for Shelley's Mythmaking
  • Guggenheim Fellowship, 1962-63
  • Newton Arvin Award, 1967
  • Melville Cane Award, Poetry Society of America, 1971, for Yeats
  • National Book Awards (membro della giuria), 1973
  • D.H.L., Boston College, 1973
  • D.H.L., Yeshiva University, 1975
  • Zabel Prize, American Institute of Arts and Letters, 1982
  • Sterling Professorship, Yale University, 1983
  • MacArthur Prize fellowship, 1985
  • Christian Gauss Award, 1988, per Ruin the Sacred Truths
  • Boston Book Review Rea Nonfiction Prize, 1995, per The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages
  • D.H.L., Università di Bologna, 1997
  • D.H.L., St. Michael's College, 1998
  • National Book Award finalista nella saggistica, per Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • National Book Critics Circle Award finalista, per la critica, con Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • New York Times Notable Book of the Year, per Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • One of Publishers Weekly Best Books of the Year, per Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • ALA/Booklist Editor's Choice, per Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, 1998
  • D.H.L., Università di Roma, 1999
  • 14th Catalonia International Prize, 2002
  • Hans Christian Andersen Award, Odense 2005, per la sua opera di promozione di Hans Christian Andersen quale uno dei grandi scrittori del XIX secolo.

La critica[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Allen, Graham, Harold Bloom: Poetics of Conflict, Harvester Wheatsheaf (New York, NY), 1994.
  • Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 24, Gale (Detroit), 1983.
  • De Bolla, Peter, Harold Bloom: Toward Historical Rhetorics, Routledge (New York, NY), 1988.
  • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 67: Modern American Critics since 1955, Gale, 1988.
  • Fite, David, Harold Bloom: The Rhetoric of Romantic Vision, University of Massachusetts Press (Amherst), 1985.
  • Moynihan, Robert, A Recent Imagining: Interviews with Harold Bloom, Geoffrey Hartman, J. Hillis Miller, Paul de Man, Archon, 1986.
  • Saurberg, Lars Ole, Versions of the Past--Visions of the Future: The Canonical in the Criticism of T.S. Eliot, F.R. Leavis, Northrop Frye, and Harold Bloom, St. Martin's Press (New York, NY), 1997.
  • Scherr, Barry J., D. H. Lawrence's Response to Plato: A Bloomian Interpretation, P. Lang (New York, NY), 1995.
  • Sellars, Roy (ed.), & Graham Allen (ed.). The Salt Companion to Harold Bloom. Cambridge: Salt, 2007. Informazioni.

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Collegamenti esterni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Controllo di autorità VIAF: 191378696 LCCN: n79003258