Linea IND Sixth Avenue

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Linea Sixth Avenue
Inizio 57th Street
Fine York Street
Stati attraversati Stati Uniti Stati Uniti
Apertura 1936 - 1968
Gestore New York City Transit Authority
Precedenti gestori Independent Subway System
Scartamento 1435 mm
Elettrificazione 600 V CC (tramite terza rotaia)
Diramazioni 47th/50th St. - 7th Ave.
Lafayette St. - Grand St.
Ferrovie

La linea IND Sixth Avenue è una linea ferroviaria della metropolitana di New York. Fa parte della B Division, e si estende da 57th Street, Midtown (Manhattan), a York Street, Dumbo (Brooklyn).

Le linee servizi che utilizzano in parte o tutta la linea IND Sixth Avenue sono:

Linea Servizio Sezione della linea ferroviaria
NYCS-bull-trans-B.svg Espresso Seventh Avenue - Grand Street
NYCS-bull-trans-D.svg Espresso Seventh Avenue - Grand Street
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg Locale 57th Street - York Street
NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg Locale Rockefeller Center - Lafayette Street

Storia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

La linea IND Sixth Avenue venne costruita per sostituire la linea sopraelevata IRT Sixth Avenue, che venne chiusa e demolita nel 1939. La prima parte della linea venne inaugurata il 1º gennaio 1936, possedeva due binari ed andava da West Fourth Street-Washington Square a East Broadway. La prima parte della linea non sorgeva però sotto la Sixth Avenue ed era, infatti, in origine, conosciuta come linea Houston-Essex Street. Dopo l'apertura, la linea E, che operava tra Jackson Heights e l'Hudson Terminal, venne spostata sulla nuova linea.[1] Vennero poi costruiti due binari espressi sotto Houston Street, fino ad Essex Street, che avrebbero dovuto attraversare l'East River per poi connettersi con la mai costruita linea IND Worth Street.[2][3][4][5]

Appena dopo la mezzanotte del 9 aprile 1936, i treni cominciarono a correre sotto l'East River attraversando il Rutgers Street Tunnel, che collegava la linea Houston-Essex Street con l'estremità nord della linea Jay-Smith-Ninth Street e con il raccordo con la linea IND Eighth Avenue, situato a nord della stazione di Jay Street-Borough Hall.

In un primo momento al città penso di far passare sotto la Sixth Avenue il tunnel della Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (Odierna Port Authority Trans-Hudson) e di costruire in futuro la metropolitana ad un livello inferiore rispetto a questo tunnel.[6]

Inoltre i tronconi che vennero realizzati per un progetto di espansione sotto Central Park, vero Harlem, sono oggi parte della linea IND 63rd Street.[7]

I binari locali della parte centrale della linea vennero poi aperti alle 00:01 del 15 dicembre 1940. Vennero così create le seguenti linee:

  • Linea BB (Washington Heights Local): nuova linea, che opera durante le ore di punta, va da 168th Street a l'Hudson Terminal;
  • Linea D (Bronx Concourse Express): nuova linea che va da Norwood-205th Street a l'Hudson Terminal;
  • Linea F (Queens-Manhattan Express): nuova linea che va da Parsons Boulevard a Church Avenue.

Percorso[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Stazioni e fermate
Unknown route-map component "utCONTg"
Linea IND Eighth Avenue
Urban tunnel straight track Unknown route-map component "utCONTg"
Linea IND 63rd Street
Unknown route-map component "utKRWgl" Unknown route-map component "utKRW+r" Urban tunnel stop on track
57th Street
Unknown route-map component "utABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "utTBHFt" Unknown route-map component "utKRZto" Unknown route-map component "utSHI4rq"
Seventh Avenue
Urban tunnel straight track Unknown route-map component "utSTRl" Unknown route-map component "utABZg+lr" Unknown route-map component "utSHI4g+lq" Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
Linea IND Queens Boulevard
Unknown route-map component "utCONTf" Unknown route-map component "utACC"
47th-50th Streets-Rockefeller Center
Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "utKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
Linea IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
Unknown route-map component "utCONTg" Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "utTHSTt" Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
42nd Street-Bryant Park Linea IRT Flushing
Unknown route-map component "utSTRl" Unknown route-map component "utSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "utKRZt" + Unknown route-map component "HUBa" + Unknown route-map component "lHSTACC"
Unknown route-map component "utSTRq" Unknown route-map component "utSTR+r"
34th Street-Herald Square Linea BMT Broadway
Unknown route-map component "utKRW+l"
Unknown route-map component "utKRWlr" + Unknown route-map component "HUB"
Unknown route-map component "utKRW+r" Unknown route-map component "utCONTf"
Unknown route-map component "utSTRf"
Unknown route-map component "tKBHFa" + Unknown route-map component "HUBe"
Unknown route-map component "utSTRg"
PATH presso 33rd Street
Urban tunnel stop on track + Unknown route-map component "HUBaq"
Unknown route-map component "tHST" + Unknown route-map component "HUBq"
Urban tunnel stop on track + Unknown route-map component "HUBeq"
23rd Street /PATH presso 23rd Street
Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq"
Unknown route-map component "utTHSTt" + Unknown route-map component "HUBaq"
Unknown route-map component "mtTHSTt" + Unknown route-map component "HUBq"
Unknown route-map component "utTHSTt" + Unknown route-map component "HUBeq"
Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
14th Street /PATH presso 14th Street Linea BMT Canarsie
Unknown route-map component "tCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "umtKRZt" Unknown route-map component "tSTRr" Unknown route-map component "utSTRg"
Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH)
Unknown route-map component "utCONTg" Unknown route-map component "utKRWl" Unknown route-map component "utKRW+lr" Unknown route-map component "utKRWr"
Unknown route-map component "utKRWl" Unknown route-map component "utKRW+r" Urban tunnel straight track
Linea IND Eighth Avenue
Unknown route-map component "utCPICAl" Unknown route-map component "utCPICAr"
West Fourth Street-Washington Square
Unknown route-map component "utABZgl+l" Unknown route-map component "utABZgr+r"
 Linea Sixth Avenue al livello inferiore; Linea Eighth Avenue al livello superiore
Unknown route-map component "utCONTf" Unknown route-map component "utKRWl" Unknown route-map component "utKRW+r"
Linea IND Eighth Avenue
Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "utKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
Linea BMT Broadway
Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq"
Unknown route-map component "utKRZt" + Unknown route-map component "lHSTACC"
Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
Broadway-Lafayette Street Linea IRT Lexington Avenue
Unknown route-map component "utSTR+l" Unknown route-map component "utABZq+l" Unknown route-map component "utABZgr"
Chrystie Street Connection
Urban tunnel straight track Urban tunnel straight track Urban tunnel station on track
Second Avenue
Unknown route-map component "utCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "utKRZtu" Unknown route-map component "utABZql" Unknown route-map component "utTHSTt" Unknown route-map component "utCONTfq"
Delancey Street Linea BMT Nassau Street
Urban tunnel stop on track Urban tunnel straight track
Grand Street
Unknown route-map component "utSTRe" Urban tunnel stop on track
East Broadway
Urban bridge over water Transverse water Urban tunnel below water
Ponte di Manhattan / Rutgers Street Tunnel
Unknown route-map component "utSTRa" Urban tunnel stop on track
York Street
Unknown route-map component "utKRWgl" Unknown route-map component "utKRW+r" Unknown route-map component "utCONTf"
Linea IND Culver
Unknown route-map component "utCONTf" Unknown route-map component "utCONTf"
Linea BMT Fourth Avenue / Linea BMT Brighton

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]