Pescetarianismo

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Il pescetarianismo è un tipo di regime alimentare che prevede l'astensione dal consumo di carne animale ad eccezione di quella di pesce e dei frutti di mare.

Il termine fa uso del prefisso in lingua italiana "pesce". Non si tratta di un regime vegetariano poiché, pur escludendo l'assunzione di ogni altro tipo di carne, fa della carne di pesce una parte centrale della dieta.[1][2] Il pescetarianismo è pertanto incluso tra i regimi alimentari onnivori[3], o talvolta definito regime alimentare semi-vegetariano.

Motivazioni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Una delle principali motivazioni dei fautori del pescetarianismo si basa sul fatto che le carni rosse contengono un'elevata quantità di grassi saturi.[4][5]. Invece, assumendo nella dieta certi tipi di pesce, si incrementa il livello del colesterolo HDL,[6][7] inoltre molti pesci sono una fonte di grassi acidi omega-3,[8] oltre ad altri benefici della diete monotipo.[9]

Ciò implica che debbano essere evitate le eccessive assunzioni di pesci ricchi di tossine come mercurio e policlorobifenili,[10] pertanto una dieta di questo tipo prevede l'assunzione di pesci con poco o nessun contenuto di mercurio[11][12].

Pescetariani[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Questo è un elenco di persone che sono o sono state pescetariane.

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ The Vegetarian Society : "Vegetarian" (origine du mot "végétarien") : "A vegetarian does not eat any meat, poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, or slaughter by-products". [1]
  2. ^ Le nouveau Petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française 1994 ISBN 2-85036-290-5 : "Végétarien" : "Qui ne mange pas la chair des animaux"."Poisson" : "Animal vertébré inférieur, vivant dans l'eau et muni de nageoires".
  3. ^ Le nouveau Petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française 1994 ISBN 2-85036-290-5 : "Omnivore" : "Qui mange de tout, qui se nourrit indifféremment d'aliments d'origine animale et végétale".
  4. ^ E Giovannucci, EB Rimm, MJ Stampfer, GA Colditz, A Ascherio and WC Willett, "Intake of fat, meat, and fiber in relation to risk of colon cancer in men"., Cancer Research 54, 2390-2397, (May 1, 1994)
  5. ^ Frank B. Hu, MD, PhD, JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPh and Walter C. Willett, MD, DrPh, "Types of Dietary Fat and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Critical Review"., Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 20, No. 1, 5-19 (2001)
  6. ^ Paul J Nestel, "Fish oil and cardiovascular disease: lipids and arterial function"., American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 71, No. 1, 228S-231S, (January 2000)
  7. ^ Sacks FM, Hebert P, Appel LJ, Borhani NO, Applegate WB, Cohen JD, Cutler JA, Kirchner KA, Kuller LH, Roth KJ, et al., "Short report: the effect of fish oil on blood pressure and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels in phase I of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention"., Journal of Hypertension, 209-13, (Feb 12, 1994)
  8. ^ Frank B. Hu, MD; Leslie Bronner, MD; Walter C. Willett, MD; Meir J. Stampfer, MD; Kathryn M. Rexrode, MD; Christine M. Albert, MD; David Hunter, MD; JoAnn E. Manson, MD, "Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Women"., JAMA. 2002;287:1815-1821.
  9. ^ Get Hooked on Fish! by Sue Gilbert, MS, Nutritionis
  10. ^ Committee on the Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, National Research Council, "Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury"., ISBN 0-309-07140-2 (2000)
  11. ^ Experts Say Consumers Can Eat Around Toxins In Fish - Science Daily
  12. ^ Mercury: Are Fish safe to eat? by Gloria Tsang R.D.
  13. ^ Ladytron in Snippets Magazine Issue 11 - Speak Your Mind Issue on Cut Out + Keep
  14. ^ Vivinetto, G., 2000. Chapman giggles; reporter hatches heckling plan. St. Petersburg Times, [internet] 14 September. Available at http://www.sptimes.com/News/091400/Weekend/Chapman_giggles_repor.shtml [Accessed 10 June 2009]
  15. ^ Late Night with Conan O'Brien, 2007. [TV programme] Broadway Video, Conaco, Universal Media Studios, NBC, 27 September 2007.
  16. ^ http://dave.uktv.co.uk/hall-of-fame/daves-mates/alan-davies/
  17. ^ Ready Steady Cook, 2008. [TV programme] BBC2 27 May 2008.
  18. ^ (NL) Afl. 5: Breda beste getest door Mystery Guest, RTL, 4 marzo 2008. URL consultato il 26 aprile 2008.
  19. ^ Site Undergoing Maintenance
  20. ^ Home Box Office, Inc. ca. 2009. Susie Essman - Susie talks about life on the set and why there are so few female stand-up comics. [Online] (Updated 2009) Available at http://www.hbo.com/larrydavid/interviews/Essman_2.html [Accessed 10 June 2009]
  21. ^ 24/7 Chicago interviews Galecki - YouTube
  22. ^ Start Getting Healthier Right Now!
  23. ^ IGN: Death Cab For Cutie, 4 September 2003. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
  24. ^ Jobs gets out of the Happy Meal business | ZDNet
  25. ^ Hugo_Weaving
  26. ^ Howard Stern goes pescetarian | MNN - Mother Nature Network
  27. ^ http://www.recapo.com/live-with-kelly-ripa/live-with-kelly-interviews/kelly-michael-kristen-kreuk-new-series-beauty-and-the-beast/
  28. ^ Lee Hyori has officially become a vegetarian | allkpop.com
  29. ^ Brigitte Bardot - Le carré de Pluton, 1999, ISBN 978-2-246-59501-4
  30. ^ (NL) Marcia Nieuwenhuis, Fractievoorzitter van D66 Lousewies van der Laan interviewt stand-up comedian Jan Jaap van der Wal, lousewiesvanderlaan.nl, 16 febbraio 2006. URL consultato il 16 aprile 2008.
    «V: "Ben je vegetarisch?" A: "Nee, ik ben eigenlijk pescatarisch, een vegetariër die vis eet." (Q: "Are you a vegetarian?" A: "No, actually I am a pescetarian, a vegetarian who eats fish.")».
  31. ^  Harvey Levin. TMZ Live, "Balloon, Mel and Manson Madness", a 21:14. TMZ Productions, Inc, Los Angeles, California, 20 October 2009. URL consultato in data 7 December 2009.
  32. ^ Ten Things You Never Knew About Dannii Minogue - Showbiz News - Digital Spy
  33. ^ Template:Cite interview
  34. ^ Conor Oberst and pescetarian
  35. ^ Watkins, G., 2009. 5-Minute Time Out: Andy Serkis. Babble, [internet] 30 January. Available at http://www.babble.com/Andy-Serkis-The-Inkheart-star-on-being-Gollum-King-Kong-and-a-father-of-three/index2.aspx [Accessed 15 June 2009]
  36. ^ Renaud, J., 2009. Andy Serkis. Geek Monthly, [internet] 7 January. Available at http://geekmonthly.com/blog/?p=188 [Accessed 15 June 2009]
  37. ^ StAugustine.com
  38. ^ Hayley Westenra – 'I'm a tough chick' in New Zealand Herald. URL consultato il 17 giugno 2007.
  39. ^  Vegetarian Nightmare. Discovery Channel, , April 13, 2006. URL consultato in data 2010-05-13.
  40. ^ Twitter / HeyItsNicoleA: @xdemidragon I'm a pescetarian
  41. ^ Twitter / ArianaGrande: I'm very excited to announce
  42. ^ https://twitter.com/#!/CMPunk/status/185198024455241728

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]