Videogioco indipendente

Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Un videogioco indipendente o videogioco indie (abbreviazione dell'inglese independent) è un videogioco spesso sviluppato da una singola persona o da piccoli gruppi di programmatori,[1] che lavorano senza l'ausilio economico di un editore.[2]

Storia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Lo sviluppo di videogiochi indie nasce su PC[2] durante l'inizio degli anni novanta, quando veniva utilizzato perlopiù il modello distributivo shareware; tuttavia il costante aumento delle aspettative del pubblico, specie dopo l'introduzione della accelerazione 3D, ha fatto calare la produzione di titoli di un certo spessore, spostando l'attenzione degli sviluppatori sulle modificazioni di videogiochi già esistenti.[3]

Durante la seconda metà del 2000, il genere ha conosciuto una nuova giovinezza grazie allo sviluppo di Internet e all'introduzione sia di nuove piattaforme per la distribuzione digitale come Xbox Live Arcade, Steam e OnLive, ma anche di strumenti di sviluppo come Adobe Flash, Microsoft XNA e Game Maker, sempre più flessibili e fruibili dal grande pubblico.

Tra il 2008 e il 2010, grazie all'evoluzione delle piattaforme per la distribuzione digitale e degli strumenti di sviluppo, alcuni videogiochi indipendenti sono diventati veri e propri successi commerciali: tra gli altri Braid,[4] World of Goo[5] e Minecraft.[6]

Caratteristiche[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Spesso i videogiochi indipendenti puntano sull'ideazione di meccaniche innovative più che sulla innovazione tecnologica, grazie anche all'assenza di una qualunque restrizione creativa da parte dell'editore[7] ma anche delle limitazioni implicite derivate dal numero limitato di persone coinvolte nella lavorazione,[8] e fanno affidamento alla distribuzione digitale.[9] Un gioco indie è un gioco progettato con la volontà di accettare i rischi insiti nel dare la priorità alle scelte creative dell'autore.

Lista di sviluppatori indipendenti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Compagnia Localizzazione Giochi Pubblicati
2D Boy San Francisco, California, USA World of Goo
4D Rulers Software Gore: Ultimate Soldier
Secret Service 2
Patriots: A Nation Under Fire
ACE Team Santiago, Cile Zeno Clash
Rock of Ages
Aldorlea Games Laxius Force
3 Stars of Destiny
Millennium
Alec Holowka Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Crayon Physics Deluxe
I'm O.K – A Murder Simulator

Aquaria
Amanita Design Repubblica Ceca Machinarium
Samorost
Samorost 2
Botanicula
Amaranth Games Aveyond
Grimm's Hatchery
Yummy Drink Factory
Aveyond 2
Ambrosia Software Rochester, New York, USA Escape Velocity serie
Amplitude Studios Parigi, Francia Endless Space
Artix Entertainment Land O' Lakes, Florida, USA Adventurequest
Archknight
Dragonfable
Mechquest
Adventurequest Worlds
Hero Smash
Babaroga Chicago, IL, USA Spore Origins
Zombies!!!
Basilisk Games Indianapolis, Indiana, USA Eschalon series
The Behemoth San Diego, California, USA Alien Hominid
Castle Crashers
BattleBlock Theater
Benjamin Rivers Toronto, Ontario, Canada Drunken Rampage
The Ascent
SNOW
Big Finish Games Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Three Cards to Midnight
Bit Blot Aquaria
Blitz Games Studios Warwickshire, Inghilterra, Regno Unito Powerup Forever
Droplitz
Invincible Tiger: The Legend of Han Tao
Encleverment Experiment
Blossomsoft Eternal Eden
Blue Fang Games Waltham, Massachusetts, USA Zoo Tycoon series
Bohemia Interactive Studio Praga, Repubblica Ceca Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis
ArmA: Armed Assault

ArmA II
ArmA III
Boomzap Entertainment Singapore, Singapore Awakening: The Dreamless Castle
Jewels of Cleopatra
Born Ready Games Guildford, Inghilterra Strike Suit Zero
Strike Suit Infinity
Bplus Plättchen Twist 'n' Paint
Broken Rules Vienna, Austria And Yet It Moves
Capybara Games Toronto, Ontario, Canada Critter Crunch
Might & Magic: Clash of Heroes
Caravel Games Deadly Rooms of Death
Castle Thorn Software LLC Hamilton, Montana, USA StarQuest Online
Chedburn Networks Limited Bristol, UK Torn
Christopher Howard Wolf Rocky Point, Carolina del Nord, USA DragonSpires
Hell Rising
I'm O.K – A Murder Simulator
Chronic Logic Santa Cruz, California, USA Bridge Builder
Gish
Cing Fukuoka, Giappone Another Code: Two Memories
Hotel Dusk: Room 215
Another Code: R - A Journey into Lost Memories
Little King's Story
Citérémis Sherbrooke, Québec Aztaka
ClockStone Software Innsbruck, Austria Avencast: Rise of the Mage
cly5m Seiklus
ColdWood Interactive Umeå, Svezia The Fight: Lights Out
Crian Soft Italia, Italia B.A.D Battle Armor Division
| Age of Barbarian
Crytek Black Sea (formerly Black Sea Studios) Sofia, Bulgaria Knights of Honor
WorldShift
DarkWave Games Milano, Italia Dream Chamber
Act of Fury
Master of Alchemy
Dark Water Studios Derry City, Irlanda del Nord Dogfighter
Daniel Benmergui Buenos Aires, Argentina Today I Die
I Wish I Were The Moon
Storyteller
Dejobaan Games Massachusetts, USA AaaaaAAaaaAAAaaAAAAaAAAAA!!! – A Reckless Disregard for Gravity
The Wonderful End of the World
Derek Smart (3000AD.com) Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA Battlecruiser 3000AD
Universal Combat
Derek Yu Pasadena, California, USA I'm O.K – A Murder Simulator
Aquaria

Spelunky
Eternal Daughte
Digital Eel Seattle, Washington, USA Brainpipe: A Plunge to Unhumanity
Soup du Jour
Weird Worlds: Return to Infinite Space
Dr. Blob's Organism
Digital Eel's Big Box of Blox
Strange Adventures In Infinite Space
Plasmaworm
Dovogame USA Business Tycoon Online
Edmund McMillen Santa Cruz, California, USA Gish
Aether
Spewer
Super Meat Boy
The Binding of Isaac
Elite Gudz New York, NY Techno Kitten Adventure
Elixir Studios Regno Unito Republic: The Revolution
Evil Genius
Erik Svedang Svezia Blueberry Garden
Ethereal Darkness Interactive Northampton, Massachusetts, USA Morning's Wrath
The Lost City of Malathedra
STATIC - Investigator Training
Eurocom Derby, Regno Unito Sphinx and the Cursed Mummy
Batman Begins
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End
Vancouver 2010: The Official Videogame of the Winter Olympic Games
GoldenEye 007 (2010 video game)
Evony, LLC (was UMGE / Universal Multiplayer Game Entertainment)[10] Canton, Cina Evony: Age I
Exotypos Russia X Motor Racing
Facepunch Studios Walsall, Gran Bretagna Garry's Mod
Ferry Halim Fresno, California, USA Orisinal Games
Firefly Studios Battersea, Londra, UK Stronghold
Stronghold 2
Space Colony
Stronghold 3
Dungeon Hero
Flashbang Studios Off-Road Velociraptor Safari
Flying Lab Software Seattle, Washington, USA Rails Across America
Pirates of the Burning Sea
 
Flying Lab Software Seattle, Washington, USA Rails Across America
Pirates of the Burning Sea
 
Freebird Games To the Moon
The Mirror Lied
Quintessence: The Blighted Venom
Frontier Developments Cambridge, Inghilterra, Regno Unito Frontier: Elite II
LostWinds
LostWinds: Winter of the Melodias
Frictional Games Helsingborg, Svezia Penumbra series
Amnesia: The Dark Descent
GameLab Diner Dash
Gaijin Games Santa Cruz, California, USA Bit.Trip Beat
Bit.Trip Core
Bit.Trip Void
Bit.Trip Runner
GarageGames Eugene, Oregon, USA Marble Blast Ultra
Zap!
Gogii Games Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada Princess Isabella: A Witch's Curse
Escape the Museum
Grey Alien Games Vancouver, Columbia Britannica, Canada Fairway Solitaire
Grasshopper Manufacture Tokyo, Giappone Flower, Sun, and Rain
killer7
Contact
No More Heroes
Haemimont Games Sofia, Bulgaria Tropico 3
Tzar: Burden of the Crown
Hanako Games Regno Unito Cute Knight
Fatal Hearts
Hemisphere Games USA Osmos
Himalaya Studios Chandler, Arizona, USA Al Emmo and the Lost Dutchman's Mine
Indomitus Games Italia In Verbis Virtus
Introversion Software Regno Unito Uplink
Darwinia
DEFCON
Subversion
Insomniac Games Burbank, California, USA Ratchet & Clank serie
Resistance serie
Spyro serie (1998–2000)
Iron Tower Studio Age of Decadence
Irrgheist Germania H-Craft Championship
Jagex Cambridge, Regno Unito RuneScape
Jason Rohrer Potsdam, USA Passage
Gravitation
Between
Jonas Kyratzes Wiesbaden, Germania The Museum of Broken Memories
The Strange and Somewhat Sinister Tale of the House at Desert Bridge
Jonatan "Cactus" Söderström Göteborg, Svezia Clean Asia!
Jph Wacheski LockOn
Valence
Quiescence
KatGames Saragozza, Spagna Mortimer and the Enchanted Castle
Zulu Gems
Klei Entertainment Vancouver, Columbia Britannica, Canada Eets
Shank
Kloonigames Finlandia Crayon Physics Deluxe
Kunos Simulazioni Autodromo di Vallelunga, Italia Assetto Corsa
Ferrari Virtual Academy
Trofeo Abarth 500
Marangoni Hillclimb Simulator
netKar Pro
Laminar Research Columbia, Carolina del Sud, USA X-Plane
Level-5 Fukuoka, Giappone Professor Layton serie
Jeanne d'Arc
White Knight Chronicles
Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King
The Another World
Little Green Men Games Starpoint Gemini
Fruit Farm
Llamasoft Regno Unito Space Giraffe
Gridrunner Revolution
Longbow Digital Arts Toronto, Ontario, Canada DX-Ball 2, Rival Ball and other action games.
Tread Marks
M-Inverse Hong Kong SAR Project Solid
Landlord 2008
Sport Life
Skating Penguin
Mad Genius Software Vancouver, Columbia Britannica, Canada Gunmetal
Mangled Eye Studios Cleveland, Ohio, USA Dark Salvation
Mass Media Inc. Moorpark, California
Mojang AB Stoccolma, Svezia Minecraft
Metanet Software Toronto, Ontario, Canada N, N+, Robotology and Office Yeti
mif2000 Russia Hamlet or the last game without MMORPG features, shaders and product placement
Mind Control Software Oasis
Moonpod Starscape
Mr. Robot
Mousechief The Witch's Yarn
Dangerous High School Girls in Trouble!
New Star Games Regno Unito New Star Soccer
Super Laser Racer
New Star GP
Nifflas Umeå, Svezia Knytt
Knytt Stories
Within a Deep Forest
Niels Bauer Games Friburgo, Germania Smugglers 2
Smugglers 3
Empires & Dungeons
TV Manager
Nival Interactive Mosca, Russia Blitzkrieg
Silent Storm
Number None, Inc. California, USA Braid
The Witness
The Odd Gentlemen California, USA The Misadventures of P.B. Winterbottom
OmniSystems Kent, Regno Unito Eufloria
OTS Software Missouri, USA AlienXcape
Boat (video game)
Parallax Studio Nixa, Missouri, USA Darkstar: The Interactive Movie
Parsec Productions Stati Uniti Slender: The Eight Pages
Pieces Interactive Skövde, Svezia Puzzlegeddon
PixelJAM Games Dino Run
Playdead Copenaghen, Danimarca Limbo
Playpen Studios Hong Kong, Cina Skillz: The DJ Game
Pocketwatch Games San Diego, California, USA Wildlife Tycoon: Venture Africa
Venture Arctic
Monaco
Positech Games Regno Unito Democracy
Gratuitous Space Battles
Private Moon Studios Ungheria AGON series
Yoomurjak's Ring
Pronto Games The Destiny of Zorro
Prorattafactor The Adventures of El Ballo
Provox games Space Force: Rogue Universe
Spaceforce: Captains
Psyonix Studios Supersonic Acrobatic Rocket-Powered Battle-Cars
ARC Squadron
Punch Entertainment Reign of Swords
EGO City
Music Tycoon
Q-Games Kyoto, Giappone Star Fox Command
PixelJunk Monsters
PixelJunk Eden
PixelJunk Shooter
Queasy Games Toronto, Ontario, Canada Gate 88
Everyday Shooter
Reflexive Entertainment Lake Forest, California, USA Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader
Wik and the Fable of Souls
Ricochet Lost Worlds
Renegade Kid Austin, Texas, USA Dementium: The Ward
Moon
Dementium II
Ronimo Games Utrecht, Paesi Bassi de Blob
Swords & Soldiers
Rovio Mobile Espoo, Finlandia Angry Birds
S2 Games Rohnert Park, California, USA Savage: The Battle for Newerth
Savage 2: A Tortured Soul
Heroes of Newerth
Saber Interactive Millburn, New Jersey, USA Will Rock
TimeShift
Sandlot Games Cake Mania
Santa Cruz Games Santa Cruz, California, USA Tomb Raider: Underworld
Godzilla Unleashed: Double Smash
Secret Exit Finlandia Zen Bound
Seed Studios Oporto, Portogallo Under Siege (2011 video game), Toy Shop, Aquatic Tales, Sudoku for Kids
Silver Creek Entertainment Grants Pass, Oregon, USA Soltrio Solitaire
Ska Studios Marcy, New York, USA Zombie Smashers Series
Survival Crisis Z
Yuki's Vacation
The Dishwasher: Dead Samurai
Snowstep Development Düsseldorf, Germania Turtle Bay
Soldak Entertainment Dallas, Texas, USA Depths of Peril
Kivi's Underworld
Din's Curse
Source Studio St. John's, Canada ProtoGalaxy
Spiderweb Software Seattle, Washington, USA Exile series
Avernum series
Geneforge series
Nethergate
Storm Impact Glenview, Illinois, USA TaskMaker
MacSki
Tomb of TaskMaker
Studio Pixel Cave Story
Ikachan
Subatomic Studios Boston, Massachusetts
San Francisco, California, USA
Fieldrunners
Subset Games FTL: Faster Than Light
Subvert Games Italia Blackreef Pirates
Cuboid Sandbox
Of Guards and Thieves
Superflat Games Regno Unito Soundless Mountain
Soundless Mountain II
Soul Brother
Lone Survivor
SuperVillain Studios Santa Ana, California, USA Dungeon Siege: Throne of Agony
Order Up!
Swedish Game Development Malmö, Svezia Alice Greenfingers
Bricks of Atlantis
Bricks of Egypt
Tale of Tales Gand, Belgio The Endless Forest
The Graveyard
The Path
Fatale
TaleWorlds Ankara, Turchia Mount&Blade
Mount&Blade: Warband
Mount&Blade: With Fire & Sword
Team Shanghai Alice Giappone Touhou Project
Immaterial and Missing Power
TeamTNT Reclamation
Daedalus: Alien Defense
thatgamecompany Los Angeles, California, USA flOw
Cloud
Flower
TheorySpark President Forever 2008 + Primaries
Three Rings Design San Francisco, California, USA Yohoho! Puzzle Pirates
Bang! Howdy
Whirled
Bossa Studios Londra, UK Surgeon Simulator 2013
Torpex Games Bellevue, Washington, USA Schizoid
Trendy Entertainment Gainesville, Florida, USA Dungeon Defenders
Tribetoy USA Chu's Dynasty
Twisted Pixel Austin, Texas, USA The Maw
'Splosion Man
Tyler Glaiel San Diego, California Aether
Closure
Unreal Software Coblenza, Germania Stranded
Stranded II
CS2D
Carnage Contest
Minigolf Madness
Ville Mönkkönen Finlandia Notrium
Wazzal II
Wandake Bangalore, Karnataka, India RoboKill
Wake up the box
Wolfire Games Berkeley, California, USA Black Shades
Lugaru: The Rabbit's Foot
Overgrowth
Xibalba Studios Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Messico Icebreakers
IcebreakersMini
Zachary Barth Seattle, Washington Infiniminer
SpaceChem
Zoetrope Interactive Istanbul, Turchia Darkness Within
Darkness Within: The Dark Lineage
Zoonami Cambridge, Inghilterra, Regno Unito Zendoku
Bonsai Barber
ZootFly Lubiana, Slovenia First Battalion
Nagymàthè Dènes Budapest, Ungheria Terep 2
Csaba Ròzsa Budapest, Ungheria Action Supercross
Elasto Mania

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ Mike Gnade, What Exactly is an Indie Game?, The Indie Game Magazine, 15 luglio 2010. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  2. ^ a b Juan Gril, The State of Indie Gaming, Gamasutra, 30 aprile 2008. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  3. ^ Richard Cobbett, Is indie gaming the future?, TechRadar, 19 settembre 2010. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  4. ^ Heather Chaplin, Xbox's 'Braid' A Surprise Hit, For Surprising Reasons, NPR, 27 agosto 2008. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  5. ^ Sahana Mysore, How the World of Goo became one of the indie video game hits of 2008, Venturebeat, 2 gennaio 2009. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  6. ^ Luke Plunkett, Why Minecraft Is So Damn Popular, Kotaku, 4 gennaio 2011. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  7. ^ Kevin Kelly, SXSW 2009: Being Indie and Successful in the Video Game Industry, Joystiq, 17 marzo 2009. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  8. ^ Mary Jane Irwin, Indie Game Developers Rise Up, Forbes, 20 novembre 2008. URL consultato il 10 agosto 2011.
  9. ^ Nick Iuppa, Terry Borst, End-to-End Game Development: Creating Independent Serious Games and Simulations from Start to Finish, Focal Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-240-81179-6.
  10. ^ Ars Technica

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

videogiochi Portale Videogiochi: accedi alle voci di Wikipedia che trattano di videogiochi