Heisman Trophy

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Heisman Trophy
Rashaan Salaam-Heisman whitebg.JPG
Fondazione 1935
Assegnato a Miglior giocatore di football universitario dell'anno
Detentore Marcus Mariota

Il premio Heisman Memorial Trophy (conosciuto colloquialmente come Heisman Trophy o the Heisman), è un premio assegnato annualmente al miglior giocatore del football universitario della stagione. Fu creato nel 1935 come trofeo del Downtown Athletic Club e rinominato nel 1936 dopo la morte del direttore del club atletico, John Heisman (ex giocatore della Brown University e della Rice University; capo-allenatore nel football alla Auburn University, alla Clemson University, alla Rice University ed alla University of Pennsylvania oltre allenatore nel football, basketball e baseball e direttore atletico alla Georgia Tech).

Il premio è presentato dall'Heisman Trophy Trust all'inizio di dicembre prima delle gare di playoff della stagione di football dei college.

È il più vecchio tra tutti i diversi premi che onorano il miglior giocatore del college football, compresi il Maxwell Award, il Walter Camp Award e il Premio Giocatore dell'Anno dell'Associated Press.

Il premio del 2005 fu inizialmente vinto da Reggie Bush ma Bush, dopo diverse pressioni, decise di rinunciare al premio nel 2010. La controversie sorsero negli anni seguenti all'assegnazione poiché si scoprì che Bush, durante il suo periodo universitario, aveva accettato dei compensi in denaro, cosa esplicitamente vietata dal regolamento[1]. L'Heisman Trust di conseguenza decise di lasciare il premio del 2005 vacante.

L'ultimo vincitore è Marcus Mariota

Legenda[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

* Prima scelta assoluta nel Draft NFL
Indotto nella Pro Football Hall of Fame
Prima scelta assoluta e indotto nella Pro Football Hall of Fame

Albo d'oro[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Vincitori dell'Heisman Trophy
Anno Immagine Nome College Ruolo Punti  % punti[2]
1935 Berwanger, Jay Jay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84 43.08%
1936 Kelley, Larry Larry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41%
1937 Frank, Clint Clint Frank Yale Halfback 524 32.89%
1938 O'Brien, Davey Davey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519 29.62%
1939 A picture of Nile Kinnick posing. Kinnick, Nile Nile Kinnick Iowa Quarterback 651 31.00%
1940 A picture of Tom Harmon posing. Harmon, Tom Tom Harmon* Michigan Halfback 1,303 54.29%
1941 Smith, Bruce Bruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554 49.99%
1942 Frank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059 99.69%
1943 Bertelli, Angelo Angelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648 64.80%
1944 Horvath, Les Les Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412 18.31%
1945 A picture of Doc Blanchard posing. Blanchard, Doc Doc Blanchard Army Fullback 860 33.81%
1946 A picture of Glenn Davis posing. Davis, Glenn Glenn Davis Army Halfback 792 79.20%
1947 Johnny Lujack nel 1948. Lujack, Johnny Johnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742 74.20%
1948 Walker, Doak Doak Walker SMU Halfback 778 28.56%
1949 Hart, Leon Leon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53%
1950 Janowicz, Vic Vic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633 22.03%
1951 Kazmaier, Dick Dick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777 60.01%
1952 Vessels, Billy Billy Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525 14.32%
1953 Lattner, Johnny Johnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850 49.14%
1954 Ameche, Alan Alan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068 27.01%
1955 A picture of Howard Cassady posing. Cassady, Howard Howard Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219 55.87%
1956

Hornung, Paul Paul Hornung

Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066 26.96%
1957 A picture of John David Crow posing. Crow, John David John David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183 31.12%
1958 A picture of Pete Dawkins posing. Dawkins, Pete Pete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394 39.01%
1959 Cannon, Billy Billy Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929 53.72%
1960 Bellino, Joe Joe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793 52.89%
1961 Davis, Ernie Ernie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824 25.18%
1962 Baker, Terry Terry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707 21.25%
1963 A picture of Roger Staubach posing. Staubach, Roger Roger Staubach Navy Quarterback 1,860 55.21%
1964 Huarte, John John Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026 30.98%
1965 Garrett, Mike Mike Garrett USC Halfback 926 26.61%
1966 A picture of Steve Spurrier while coaching. Spurrier, Steve Steve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679 48.25%
1967 Beban, Gary Gary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968 63.50%
1968 A picture of O.J. Simpson posing. Simpson, O. J. O. J. Simpson USC Halfback 2,853 80.64%
1969 Owens, Steve Steve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488 40.92%
1970 A picture of Jim Plunkett on a phone. Plunkett, Jim Jim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229 58.78%
1971 Sullivan, Pat Pat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597 42.25%
1972 Rodgers, Johnny Johnny Rodgers Nebraska Wide Receiver/Running back 1,310 38.75%
1973 Cappelletti, John John Cappelletti Penn State Running back 1,057 32.78%
1974 A picture of Archie Griffin on a phone. Griffin, Archie Archie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,920 59.53%
1975 Griffin, Archie Archie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,800 57.64%
1976 A picture of Tony Dorsett on a phone. Dorsett, Tony Tony Dorsett Pittsburgh Running back 2,357 74.97%
1977 A picture of Earl Campbell on a phone. Campbell, Earl Earl Campbell Texas Running back 1,547 49.11%
1978 Sims, Billy Billy Sims* Oklahoma Running back 1,896 26.25%
1979 White, Charles Charles White USC Running back 1,695 53.81%
1980 Rogers, George George Rogers* South Carolina Running back 1,128 35.81%
1981 A picture of Marcus Allen golfing. Allen, Marcus Marcus Allen USC Running back 1,797 57.05%
1982 A picture of Herschel Walker posing. Walker, Herschel Herschel Walker Georgia Running back 1,926 61.14%
1983 Rozier, Mike Mike Rozier Nebraska Running back 1,801 57.17%
1984 A picture of Doug Flutie posing. Flutie, Doug Doug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240 71.11%
1985 A picture of Bo Jackson signing a football. Jackson, Bo Bo Jackson* Auburn Running back 1,509 47.90%
1986 A picture of Vinny Testaverde while throwing a football. Testaverde, Vinny Vinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213 70.25%
1987 A picture of Tim Brown wearing a jersey. Brown, Tim Tim Brown Notre Dame Wide receiver 1,442 45.78%
1988 A picture of Barry Sanders posing. Sanders, Barry Barry Sanders Oklahoma State Running back 1,878 68.27%
1989 A picture of Andre Ware wearing pads. Ware, Andre Andre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073 38.96%
1990 A picture of Ty Detmer wearing a button down. Detmer, Ty Ty Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482 53.87%
1991 A picture of Desmond Howard wearing a suit. Howard, Desmond Desmond Howard Michigan Wide receiver 2,077 75.50%
1992 Torretta, Gino Gino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400 50.84%
1993 A picture of Charlie Ward wearing a football uniform. Ward, Charlie Charlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 2,310 83.79%
1994 Salaam, Rashaan Rashaan Salaam Colorado Running back 1,743 63.15%
1995 A picture of Eddie George wearing sunglasses. George, Eddie Eddie George Ohio State Running back 1,460 52.84%
1996 A picture of Danny Wuerffel giving a speech. Wuerffel, Danny Danny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363 49.38%
1997 A picture of Charles Woodson signing an autograph. Woodson, Charles Charles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/Punt returner 1,815 65.69%
1998 A picture of Ricky Williams while playing for the Dolphins. Williams, Ricky Ricky Williams Texas Running back 2,355 85.23%
1999 Dayne, Ron Ron Dayne Wisconsin Running back 2,042 73.83%
2000 A picture of Chris Weinke at a podium. Weinke, Chris Chris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628 58.86%
2001 - Crouch, Eric Eric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770 27.75%
2002 A picture of Carson Palmer playing for the Raiders. Palmer, Carson Carson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328 48.01%
2003 A picture of Jason White while with the Sooners. White, Jason Jason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481 53.54%
2004 A picture of Matt Leinart holding his Heisman trophy. Leinart, Matt Matt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325 47.85%
2005 A picture of Reggie Bush at a USC celebration. Reggie Bush[4] USC Running back 2,541 91.77%
2006 A picture of Troy Smith throwing a pass. Smith, Troy Troy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540 91.63%
2007 A picture of Tim Tebow throwing a pass. Tebow, Tim Tim Tebow Florida Quarterback 1,957 70.52%
2008 OklahomaSooners-SamBradford (cropped 1).jpg Bradford, Sam Sam Bradford* Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726 62.13%
2009 A picture of Mark Ingram at the White House. Ingram, Mark Mark Ingram Alabama Running back 1,304 46.99%
2010 A picture of Cam Newton with glasses on. Newton, Cam Cam Newton* Auburn Quarterback 2,263 81.55%
2011 A picture of Robert Griffin posing. Griffin III, Robert Robert Griffin III Baylor Quarterback 1,687 60.66%
2012 A picture of Johnny Manziel while holding the football during a game. Manziel, Johnny Johnny Manziel Texas A&M Quarterback 2,029 72.88%
2013 A picture of Jameis Winston while shaking someone's hand. Winston, Jameis Jameis Winston Florida State Quarterback 2,205 79.20%
2014 Marcus Mariota che getta un passaggio Mariota, Marcus Marcus Mariota Oregon Quarterback 2,534 90.92%

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ (EN) "USC to send back its Reggie Bush Heisman".
  2. ^ Kari Chisholm, A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy su Stiff Arm Trophy. URL consultato il 6 luglio 2014.
  3. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=2255184
  4. ^ Reggie Bush fu il vincitore originario dell'Heisman nel 2005 con 2.541 e il 91,77% delle preferenze.[3] Il trofeo gli fu revocato quando venne alla luce che aveva ricevuto benefit vietati a un atleta non professionista.

Collegamenti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

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