Ordine di battaglia della battaglia della Somme

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Di seguito è descritto l'ordine di battaglia della battaglia della Somme, combattuta dal 1º luglio al 18 novembre 1916, una delle più imponenti battaglie dalla prima guerra mondiale. Il combattimento vide impegnate truppe francesi, inglesi e truppe provenienti dai Dominion contro le truppe tedesche, nella valle del fiume Somme, nel nord della Francia.

Indice

Forze inglesi e dei Dominion[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Nei tipici reggimenti di contea inglesi, il 1º e il 2º battaglione erano formati da soldati regolari, mentre il 3º era il battaglione di riserva speciale che normalmente non serviva oltremare, rimanendo in patria come deposito reggimentale e come centro di addestramento delle unità da cui sarebbero stati presi i rinforzi da inviare ai due battaglioni "operativi". Il 4º, il 5º e il 6º erano normalmente battaglioni impiegati come forze territoriali. I battaglioni territoriali erano identificati come battaglioni di seconda linea e numerati apponendo un "2" prima dell'unità (ad esempio 2/4th battalion). Inizialmente le forze territoriali erano costituita da uomini che non volevano e non potevano essere obbligati a servire oltremare. Il numero di battaglioni dipendeva dal potenziale di reclutamento della zona dalla quale il battaglione veniva arruolato (ad esempio, il Dorsetshire Regiment reclutò 11 battaglioni, mentre il London Regiment riuscì a reclutarne 88).[1]

Le divisioni dell'esercito "regolare" furono numerate da 1 a 8. Le divisioni arruolate attraverso il piano di reclutamento Kitchener furono numerate da 9 a 26. La 27ª e la 29ª divisione erano divisioni dell'esercito regolare formate da unità richiamate dalle guarnigioni sparse nell'Impero. Le divisioni dalla 30ª alla 41ª provenivano anch'esse dalla New Army, mentre erano divisioni territoriali quelle comprese tra la 42ª e la 74ª divisione. La 63ª divisione era un'unità della Royal Navy, composta da uomini appartenenti alla Riserva navale i cui servigi al momento non erano richiesti in mare.[2]

Organizzazione delle armate e dei corpi d'armata[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Struttura delle armate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Struttura dei corpi d'armata[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Inoltre tre divisioni inglesi, la 11th, la 38th e la 2nd Division, furono distaccate presso la VIe armée française durante le fasi iniziali della battaglia.[14][15][16]

Formazioni per singola battaglia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Si faccia poi riferimento alla sezione chiamata "Divisioni" per associare ogni brigata, reggimento o battaglione alla propria divisione.[17]

Il colore indica il tipo di divisione
Divisioni regolari del British Army o della Royal Navy Divisioni del "New Army" arruolate attraverso il Piano di Reclutamento Kitchener Divisioni territoriali Divisioni provenienti dai Dominion

Battaglia di Albert: 1–13 luglio 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 1st Division
8th Division
12th Division
19th Division
23rd Division
34th Division
VIII Corps 4th Division
29th Division
31st Division
48th Division
X Corps 12th Division
25th Division
32nd Division
36th Division
49th Division
XIII Corps 3rd Division
9th Division
18th Division
30th Division
35th Division
XV Corps 7th Division
17th Division
21st Division
33rd Division
38th Division
Reserve Army Alla Reserve Army furono poi assegnate l'VIII e il X Corps, provenienti dalla Fourth Army, il 4 luglio 1916[5]
Attacco secondario al Saliente di Gommecourt: 1º luglio 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Third Army VII Corps 37th Division
46th Division
56th Division

Battaglia del crinale di Bazentin: 14–17 luglio 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Cattura di Longueval
  • Cattura di Trônes Wood
  • Cattura di Ovillers
Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army - 2nd Indian Cavalry Division
II Corps 1st Division
23rd Division
34th Division[18]
XIII Corps 3rd Division
9th Division
18th Division
XV Corps 7th Division
21st Division
33rd Division
Reserve Army X Corps 25th Division
32nd Division
48th Division
49th Division
Attacco secondario a Fromelles: 19 luglio 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
First Army XI Corps 61st Division
5th Australian Division
Attacco secondario a High Wood: 20–25 luglio 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 19th Division
XV Corps 5th Division
7th Division
33rd Division
51st Division

Battaglia del Bosco Delville: 15 luglio - 3 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army XIII Corps 2nd Division
3rd Division
9th Division
18th (Eastern) Division
24th Division
53rd Bde of 18th Division
XIV Corps 20th Division
24th Division
XV Corps 7th Division
14th Division

Battaglia del crinale di Poziéres: 23 luglio - 3 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Combattimenti per la Fattoria Mouquet
Armata Corpo Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 1st Division
15th Division
19th Division
23rd Division
34th Division
Reserve Army II Corps 12th Division
25th Division
48th Division
49th Division
1 ANZAC Corps 1st Australian Division
2nd Australian Division
4th Australian Division

Battaglia di Guillemont: 3–6 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army XIV Corps 5th Division
16th Division
20th Division
XV Corps 7th Division
24th Division
55th Division

Battaglia di Ginchy: 9 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army XIV Corps 16th Division
56th Division
XV Corps 55th Division

Battaglia di Flers-Courcelette: 15–22 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army Army Troops 1st Cavalry Division
2nd Indian Cavalry Division
III Corps 1st Division
15th Division
23rd Division
47th Division
50th Division
103rd Bde of 34th Division
XIV Corps Guards Division
5th Division
6th Division
20th Division
56th Division
XV Corps 14th Division
21st Division
41st Division
55th Division
New Zealand Division
Reserve Army II Corps 11th Division
49th Division
Canadian Corps 1st Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division

Battaglia di Morval: 25–28 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 1st Division
23rd Division
50th Division
XIV Corps Guards Division
5th Division
6th Division
20th Division
56th Division
XV Corps 21st Division
55th Division
New Zealand Division

Battaglia di Thiepval: 26–28 settembre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Reserve Army II Corps 11th Division
18th Division
V Corps 39th Division
Canadian Corps 1st Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division

Battaglia del crinale di Le Transloy: 1–18 October 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 9th Division
15th Division
23rd Division
47th Division
50th Division
XIV Corps 4th Division
6th Division
20th Division
56th Division
XV Corps 12th Division
21st Division
30th Division
41st Division
New Zealand Division
88th Bde of 29th Division
Reserve Army Canadian Corps 1st Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division

Battaglia delle colline dell'Ancre: 1–18 ottobre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Cattura della ridotta Schwaben
Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Reserve Army II Corps 18th Division
19th Division
25th Division
39th Division
4th Canadian Division
V Corps 39th Division

Battaglia dell'Ancre: 1–18 ottobre 1916[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Armata Corpo d'armata Divisioni
Fourth Army III Corps 48th Division
Fifth Army II Corps 18th Division
19th Division
39th Division
4th Canadian Division
V Corps 2nd Division
3rd Division
32nd Division
37th Division
51st Division
63rd Naval Division
XIII Corps 31st Division
120th Bde of 40th Division

Divisioni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Divisioni regolari del British Army e della Royal Navy[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Guards Division Regno Unito maggior generale G.P.T. Feilding[3]
1st Guards Brigade 2nd Guards Brigade 3rd Guards Brigade
2nd Battalion, Grenadier Guards 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards 1st Battalion, Grenadier Guards
2nd Battalion, Coldstream Guards 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards 4th Battalion, Grenadier Guards
3rd Battalion, Coldstream Guards 1st Battalion, Scots Guards 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards
1st Battalion, Irish Guards 2nd Battalion, Irish Guards 1st Battalion, Welch Guards
Pioneers 4th Battalion, Coldstream Guards
1st Division Regno Unito maggior generale F.P. Strickland[3]
1st Brigade 2nd Brigade 3rd Brigade
10th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment 1st Battalion, South Wales Borderers
1st Battalion, Black Watch 1 Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment
8th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment
1st Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 2nd Battalion, King's Royal Rifles Corps 2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers
Pioneers 1/6th Battalion, Welch Regiment
2nd Division Regno Unito maggior generale Sir Charles Monro
5th Brigade 6th Brigade 99th Brigade
17th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 1st Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 22nd Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
24th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 2nd Battalion, Southern Staffordshire Regiment 23rd Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
2nd Battalion, Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry 13th Battalion, Essex Regiment 1st Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment
2nd Battalion, Highland Light Infantry 17th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 1st Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
Pioneers 10th Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
3rd Division Regno Unito maggior generale J.A. Haldane, successivamente maggior generale C.J. Deverell[3]
8th Brigade 9th Brigade 76th Brigade
2nd Battalion, Royal Scots 1st Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 8th Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment
8th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 2nd Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
1st Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers 13th Battalion, King's Regiment 10th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers
7th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Inf. 12th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Gordon Highlanders
Pioneers 20th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
4th Division Regno Unito maggior generale W. Lambton[3]
10th Brigade 11th Brigade 12th Brigade
1st Battalion, Royal Warwick Regiment 1st Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry 1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment
2nd Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders 1st Battalion, East Lancashires 2nd Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers
1st Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers 1st Battalion, Hampshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment
2nd Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1st Battalion, Rifle Brigade 2nd Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment
Pioneers 21st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment
5th Division Regno Unito maggior generale R.B. Stephens[3]
13th Brigade 15th Brigade 95th Brigade
14th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 16th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Devon Regiment
15th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Norfolk Regiment 12th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment
2nd Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers 1st Battalion, Bedford Regiment 1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
1st Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment 1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
Pioneers 1/6th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
6th Division Regno Unito maggior generale C. Ross[3]
16th Brigade 18th Brigade 71st Brigade
1st Battalion, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) 1st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 9th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment
8th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment 11th Battalion, Essex Regiment 9th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
1st Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry 2nd Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 1st Battalion, Leicester Regiment
2nd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment 14th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 2nd Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
Pioneers 11th Leicester Regiment
7th Division Regno Unito maggior generale H.E. Watts[3]
20th Brigade 22nd Brigade 91st Brigade
8th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Warwick Regiment 2nd Battalion, Queen's
9th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment 1st Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment
2nd Battalion, Border Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers 21st Battalion, Manchester Regiment
2nd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders 20th Battalion, Manchester Regiment 22nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment
Pioneers 24th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
8th Division Regno Unito maggior generale F. Davies
23rd Brigade 24th Brigade 25th Brigade
2nd Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment
2nd Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Sherwood Foresters 2nd Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment
2nd Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 2nd Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles
2nd Battalion, Scottish Rifles 2nd Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Rifle Brigade
Pioneers 22nd Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
29th Division Regno Unito
86th Brigade 87th Brigade 88th Brigade
2nd Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 2nd Battalion, South Wales Borderers 4th Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment
1st Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 1st Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers 1st Battalion, Essex Regiment
16th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 1st Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 2nd Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
1st Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1st Battalion, Border Regiment Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Dominion di Terranova Dominion di Terranova
Pioneers 2nd Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment
63rd (Royal Naval) Division [19]Regno Unito
188th (Royal Naval) Brigade 189th (Royal Naval) Brigade 190th Brigade
Anson Battalion Drake Battalion 1/1st Battalion, Honourable Artillery Company
Howe Battalion Hood Battalion 7th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
1st Royal Marine Battalion Nelson Battalion 4th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment
2nd Royal Marine Battalion Hawke Battalion 10th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers

Divisioni del "New Army" arruolate attraverso il Piano di Reclutamento Kitchener[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

9th (Scottish) Division[20] maggior generale W.T. Furse[3]
26th Brigade Regno Unito 27th Brigade Regno Unito South African Brigade Sudafrica
8th Battalion, Black Watch 11th Battalion, Royal Scots 1st South African Battalion (Cape)
9th Battalion, Seaforth 12th Battalion, Royal Scots 2nd South African Battalion (Natal & OFS)
5th Battalion, Camerons 6th Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers 3rd South African Battalion (Transvaal & Rhodesia)
10th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 9th Battalion, Scottish Rifles 4th South African Battalion (Scottish)
Pioneers 9th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders
11th (Northern) Division Regno Unito
32nd Brigade 33rd Brigade 34th Brigade
9th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 6th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 8th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
6th Battalion, Green Howards 6th Battalion, Border Regiment 9th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers
8th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 7th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment 5th Battalion, Dorsetshire Regiment
6th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regiment 9th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters 11th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
Pioneers 6th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment
12th (Eastern) Division Regno Unito maggior generale A.B. Scott
35th Brigade 36th Brigade 37th Brigade
7th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment 8th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 6th Battalion, Queen's Regiment
7th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment 9th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 6th Battalion, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
9th Battalion, Essex Regiment 7th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment 7th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
5th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment 11th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 6th Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment
Pioneers 5th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment
14th (Light) Division Regno Unito
41st Brigade 42nd Brigade 43rd Brigade
7th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 5th Battalion, Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Regt 6th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry
8th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 5th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry 6th Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Lt.Inf.
7th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 9th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 6th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Lt.Inf.
8th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 9th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 10th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
Pioneers 11th Battalion, King's Regiment
15th (Scottish) Division Regno Unito maggior generale F.W.N. McCracken[3]
44th Brigade 45th Brigade 46th Brigade
9th Battalion, Black Watch 13th Battalion, Royal Scots 10th Battalion, Scottish Rifles
8th Battalion, Seaforth 6/7th Battalion, Royal Scots Fusilers 7/8th Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers
10th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders 6th Battalion, Camerons 10/11th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
7th Battalion, Camerons 11th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 12/11th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
Pioneers 9th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders
16th (Irish) Division Regno Unito
47th Brigade 48th Brigade 49th Brigade
6th Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment 7th Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles 7th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
6th Battalion, Connaught Rangers 1st Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
7th Battalion, Leinster Regiment 8th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers 7th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers
8th Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers 9th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers
Pioneers 11th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
17th (Northern) Division Regno Unito
50th Brigade 51st Brigade 52nd Brigade
10th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 7th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 9th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
7th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 7th Battalion, Border Regiment 10th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers
7th Battalion, Green Howards 8th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment 9th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment
6th Battalion, Dorset Regiment 10th Battalion, Sherwood Forest Regiment 12th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
Pioneers 7th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment
18th (Eastern) Division Regno Unito maggior generale Ivor Maxse[21]
53rd Brigade 54th Brigade 55th Brigade
8th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment 11th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 7th Battalion, Queen's Regiment
8th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment 7th Battalion, Bedford Regiment 7th Battalion, Buffs
10th Battalion, Essex Regiment 8th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment 8th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
6th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment 12th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 7th Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment
Pioneers 8th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment
19th (Western) Division Regno Unito maggior generale G.T.M. Bridges[3]
56th Brigade 57th Brigade 58th Brigade
7th Battalion, Kings Own 10th Battalion, Royal Warwick Regiment 9th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment
7th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment 8th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment 9th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers
7th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment 10th Battalion, Worcesters 9th Battalion, Welch Regiment
7th Battalion, North Lancashire Regiment 8th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment 6th Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment
Pioneers 5th Battalion, South Wales Border Regiment
20th (Light) Division Regno Unito
59th Brigade 60th Brigade 61st Brigade
10th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 6th Battalion, Oxford & Buckinghamshire Lt. Regt 7th Battalion, Somerset Lt.Inf.
11th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 6th Battalion, King's Stropshire Lt. Inf. 7th Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Lt.Inf.
10th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 12th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 7th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Lt.Inf.
11th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 12th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 12th Battalion, King's Regiment
Pioneers 11th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
21st Division Regno Unito
62nd Brigade 63rd Brigade 64th Brigade
12th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 9th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Lt.Inf.
13th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Somerset Regiment 10th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Lt.Inf.
1st Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 12th Bn, Prince of Wales' Own West Yorkshires 14th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
10th Bn, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regt 10th Bn, York and Lancaster Regiment 15th Bn, Durham Light Infantry
Pioneers 14th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
110th Brigade La 110th Brigade sostituì la 63rd Brigade nel luglio del 1916[22]
6th Bn, Leicestershire Regiment 7th Bn, Leicestershire Regiment 8th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment
9th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment
23rd Division Regno Unito maggior generale J.M. Babington[3]
68th Brigade 69th Brigade 70th Brigade
10th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 11th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 11th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
11th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Green Howards 8th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
12th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 9th Battalion, Green Howards 8th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment
13th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 10th Battalion, Duke of Wellington Regiment 9th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment
Pioneers 9th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment
24th Division Regno Unito
17th Brigade 72nd Brigade 73rd Brigade
8th Battalion, Buffs 8th Battalion, Queen's Regiment 9th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment
1st Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 9th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment 7th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment
12th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 8th Battalion, Royal West Kent Regt. 13th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment
3rd Battalion, Rifle Brigade 1st Battalion, North Staffordshire Regt. 2nd Battalion, Leinster Regiment
Pioneers 12th Battalion, Sherwood Foreseter Regiment
25th Division Regno Unito maggior generale E.G.T. Bainbridge[23]
7th Brigade 74th Brigade 75th Brigade
10th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 11th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 11th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment
3rd Battalion, Worcester Regiment 13th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 8th Battalion, Border Regiment
8th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 9th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 2nd Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment
1st Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles Regiment 8th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment
Pioneers 6th Battalion, South Wales Border Regiment
30th Division Regno Unito brigadier generale F.C. Stanley[24]
21st Brigade 89th Brigade 90th Brigade
18th Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment 17th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 16th Battalion (1st City) Manchester Regiment
19th Battalion (4th City) Manchester Regiment 19th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 17th Battalion (2nd City) Manchester Regiment
2nd Battalion, Princess of Wales' Own Yorkshire Regt 20th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 18th Battalion (3rd City) Manchester Regiment
2nd Battalion, Duke of Edinburgh's Wiltshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers
Pioneers 11th Battalion (St.Helens Pioneers) Prince of Wales's Volunteers
31st Division Regno Unito
92nd Brigade 93rd Brigade 94th Brigade
10th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 15th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 11th Battalion, East Lancaster Regiment
11th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 16th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 12th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regiment
12th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 18th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 13th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regiment
13th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 18th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 14th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regiment
Pioneers 12th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Regiment
32nd Division Regno Unito
14th Brigade 96th Brigade 97th Brigade
19th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 16th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 11th Battalion, Border Regiment
1st Battalion, Dorsetshire Regiment 15th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 2nd Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Inf.
2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment 16th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 16th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
15th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry 2nd Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 17th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
Pioneers 17th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
33rd Division Regno Unito
98th Brigade 100th Brigade 19th Brigade
4th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 1st Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment 20th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
1/4th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment 2nd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers
1st Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 16th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 1st Battalion, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
2nd Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 1/9th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry 1/5th Battalion, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Pioneers 18th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment
34th Division Regno Unito maggior generale E.G. Ingouville-Williams (ucciso), sostituito con il maggior generale C.L. Nicholson[3]
101st Brigade 102nd Tyneside Scottish Brigade 103rd Tyneside Scottish Brigade
15th Battalion, Royal Scots Regiment 20th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 24th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
16th Battalion, Royal Scots Regiment 21st Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 25th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
10th Battalion, Lincoln Regiment 22nd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 26th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
11th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment 23rd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 27th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
Pioneers 18th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
35th (Bantam) Division Regno Unito
104th Brigade 105th Brigade 106th Brigade
17th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 15th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 17th Battalion, Royal Scots Regiment
18th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 16th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 17th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment
20th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 14th Battalion, Gloster Regiment 19th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
23rd Battalion, Manchester Regiment 15th Battalion, Sherwood Foreseter Regiment 18th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
Pioneers 19th Battalion, Nothumberland Fusiliers
36th (Ulster) Division Regno Unito
107th Brigade 108th Brigade 109th Brigade
8th Bn, (East Belfast), Royal Irish Rifles 9th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers 9th Bn (County Tyrone), Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
9th Bn, (West Belfast), Royal Irish Rifles 12th Bn (Central Antrim), Royal Irish Rifles 10th Bn (Derry), Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
10th Bn, (South Belfast), Royal Irish Rifles 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles 11th Bn (Donegal and Fermanagh), Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
11th Bn. (South Antrim), Royal Irish Rifles 14th Bn (Young Citizens), Royal Irish Rifles 15th Bn, (North Belfast), Royal Irish Rifles
Pioneers
37th Division Regno Unito
110th Brigade 111th Brigade 112th Brigade
6th Battalion, Leicester Regiment 10th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 11th Battalion, Royal Warwick Regiment
7th Battalion, Leicester Regiment 13th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 6th Battalion, Bedford Regiment
8th Battalion, Leicester Regiment 13th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 8th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment
9th Battalion, Leicester Regiment 13th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 10th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
Pioneers 9th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment
38th (Welsh) Division Regno Unito
113th Brigade 114th Brigade 115th Brigade
13th Bn, (1st North Wales), Royal Welch Fusiliers 10th Battalion (1st Rhondda), Welch Regiment 17th Bn, (2nd North Wales), Royal Welch Fusiliers
14th Bn, Royal Welch Fusiliers 13th Battalion (2nd Rhondda), Welch Regiment 10th Bn, (1st Gwent), South Wales Borderers
15th Bn, (1st London Welsh), Royal Welch Fusiliers 14th Battalion (Swansea), Welch Regiment 11th Bn, (2nd Gwent), South Wales Borderers
16th Bn, Royal Welch Fusiliers 15th Battalion (Carmarthenshire), Welch Regiment 16th Bn, (Cardiff City), Welch Regiment
Pioneers 19th Battalion (Glamorgan Pioneers), Welsh Regiment
39th Division Regno Unito maggior generale Sir Charles Monro
116th Brigade 117th Brigade 118th Brigade
11th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment 16th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters 1/6th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment
12th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment 17th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters 1/1st Battalion, Cambridgeshire Regiment
13th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment 17th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 1/1st Battalion, Hertfordshire Regiment
14th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment 16th Battalion, Rifle Brigade 4/5th Battalion, Black Watch
Pioneers 13th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment
41st Division Regno Unito
122nd Brigade 123rd Brigade 124th Brigade
12th Bn, East Surrey Regiment[25] 11th Bn, Queen's Royal West Surrey Regt 10th Bn, The Queen's Royal West Surrey Regt
15th Bn, Hampshire Regiment[26] 10th Bn, Royal West Kent Regiment[27] 26th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
11th Bn, Royal West Kent Regiment[28] 23rd Bn, Middlesex Regiment[29] 32nd Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
18th Bn, King's Royal Rifle Corps[30] 20th Bn, Durham Light Infantry[31] 21st Bn, King's Royal Rifle Corps[32]
Pioneers 19th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment[33]

Divisioni territoriali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

46th (North Midland) Division Regno Unito maggior generale Edward James Montagu-Stuart-Wortley[3]
137th Brigade 138th Brigade 139th Brigade
1/5th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment 1/4th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
1/6th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment 1/6th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
1/5th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment 1/4th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment 1/7th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
1/6th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment 1/8th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters
Pioneers 1st Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment
47th 1/2nd London Division Regno Unito maggior generale Sir C. St L. Barter (rilevato), successivamente maggior generale G.K Gorringe[3]
140th Brigade 141st Brigade 142nd Brigade
1/6th Battalion, London Regiment[34] 1/17th Battalion, London Regiment[35] 1/21st Battalion, London Regiment[36]
1/7th Battalion, London Regiment[34] 1/18th Battalion, London Regiment[37] 1/22nd Battalion, London Regiment[38]
1/8th Battalion, London Regiment[39] 1/19th Battalion, London Regiment[40] 1/23rd Battalion, London Regiment
1/15th Battalion, London Regiment[41] 1/20th Battalion, London Regiment[42] 1/24th Battalion, London Regiment[38]
Pioneers 1st Battalion, 4th Royal Welch Fusiliers
48th (South Midland) Division Regno Unito
143rd Brigade (Warwickshire) 144th Brigade (Gloucester and Worcester) 145th Brigade (South Midland)
1/5th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1/4th (City of Bristol) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regt. 1/5th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regt
1/6th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1/6th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment 1/4th Battalion, Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Lt. Inf.
1/7th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1/7th Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 1/1st Battalionn, Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Lt. Inf.
1/8th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1/8th Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 1/4th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment
Pioneers 1/5th (Cinque Ports) Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment
49th (West Riding) Division Regno Unito
146th Brigade 147th Brigade 148th Brigade
1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1/4th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 1/4th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
1/6th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 1/5th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
1/7th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1/6th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 1/4th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regt.
1/8th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment 1/7th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 1/5th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regt.
Pioneers 3rd Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment (sostituito dal 19th Battalion dei Lancashire Fusiliers il 6 agosto 1916)
50th Northumbrian Division Regno Unito
149th Brigade 150th Brigade 151st Brigade
1/4th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 1/4th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment 1/6th Battalion, Durham Lt Inf
1/5th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 1/4th Bn, Green Howards 1/8th Battalion, Durham Lt Inf
1/6th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 1/5th Bn, Green Howards 1/9th Battalion, Durham Lt Inf
1/7th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 1/5th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry 1/5th Battalion, Border Regiment
Pioneers 1/7th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
51st (Highland) Division Regno Unito maggior generale George Montague Harper
152nd (1st Highland) Brigade 153rd (2nd Highland) Brigade 154th (3rd Highland) Brigade
1/5th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders[43] 1/6th Battalion, Black Watch 1/4th Bn, Seaforth Highlanders[44]
1/6th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders[45] 1/7th Battalion, Black Watch[46] 1/4th Bn, Gordon Highlanders
1/8th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders[47] 1/5th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders[48] 1/9th Bn, Royal Scots[49]
1/6th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders[50] 1/7th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders[51] 1/7th Bn, the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
Pioneers
55th (West Lancashire) Division Regno Unito
164th (North Lancashire) Brigade 165th (Liverpool) Brigade 166th (South Lancashire) Brigade
1/4th Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment 1/5th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 1/5th Battalion, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regt.
1/4th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 1/6th Battalion, King's Liverpool Regiment 1/10th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regt.
1/8th (Irish) Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 1/7th Battalion, King's Liverpool Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Prince of Wales's Volunteers
2/5th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 1/9th Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment 1/5th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
Pioneers 1/4th Battalion, Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment)
56th (1st London) Division Regno Unito
167th Brigade 168th Brigade 169th Brigade
1/1st Battalion, London Regiment 1/4th Battalion, London Regiment 1/2nd Battalion, London Regiment
1/3rd Battalion, London Regiment 1/12th (London Rangers) Battalion, London Regiment 1/5th (London Rifle Brigade) Battalion, London Regiment
1/7th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 1/13th (Kensington) Battalion, London Regiment 1/9th (Queen's Victoria Rifles) Battalion, London Regiment
1/8th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment 1/14th (London Scottish) Battalion, London Regiment 1/16th (Queen's Westminster Rifles) Battalion, London Regiment
Pioneers 1/5th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment

Divisioni dei Dominion[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

2nd Indian Cavalry Division India Britannica maggior generale G. A. Cookson
5th (Mhow) Cavalry Brigade 3rd (Ambala) Cavalry Brigade 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade
6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons 13th Hussars 7th (Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards
2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) 3rd Skinner's Horse 20th Deccan Horse
38th King George's Own Central India Horse 18th King George's Own Lancers 34th Prince Albert Victor's Own Poona Horse
Canadian Cavalry Brigade Canada (attaccata alla 2nd Indian Cavalry Division)
Royal Canadian Dragoons Lord Strathcona's Horse Fort Garry Horse
Canadian Cavalry Brigade Machine Gun Squadron
New Zealand Division[52]Nuova Zelanda maggior generale Andrew Hamilton Russell[3]
1st New Zealand Brigade 2nd New Zealand Brigade 3rd New Zealand Rifle Brigade
1st Auckland Battalion 2nd Auckland Battalion 1st Battalion, NZ Rifle Brigade
1st Canterbury Battalion 2nd Canterbury Battalion 2nd Battalion, NZ Rifle Brigade
1st Otego Battalion 2nd Otego Battalion 3rd Battalion, NZ Rifle Brigade
1st Wellington Battalion 2nd Wellington Battalion 4th Battalion, NZ Rifle Brigade
Pioneers New Zealand Pioneer Battalion
1st Canadian Division Canada maggior generale A.W. Currie[3]
1st Brigade 2nd Brigade 3rd Brigade
1st Battalion (Ontario) 5th Battalion (Western Cavalry) 13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders)
2nd Battalion (East Ontario) 7th Battalion (1st British Columbia) 14th Battalion (Royal Montreal)
3rd Battalion (Toronto) 8th Battalion (90th Rifles) 15th Battalion (48th Highlanders)
4th Battalion 10th Battalion 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish)
Pioneers 1st Canadian Pioneer Battalion
2nd Canadian Division Canada Maggior generale R.E.W. Turner[3]
4th Brigade 5th Brigade 6th Brigade
18th (West Ontario) Battalion 22nd (Canadien Francaise) Battalion 27th (City of Winnipeg) Battalion
19th (Central Ontario) Battalion 24th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion 28th (North West) Battalion
20th (Central Ontario) Battalion 25h (Nova Scotia Rifles) Battalion 29th (Vancouver) Battalion
21st (Eastern Ontario) Battalion 26th (New Brunswick) Battalion 31st (Alberta) Battalion
Pioneers 2st Canadian Pioneer Battalion
3rd Canadian Division Canada
7th Brigade 8th Brigade 9th Brigade
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles 43rd (Cameron Highlanders) Battalion
Royal Canadian Regiment 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles 52nd (North Ontario) Battalion
42nd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion 4th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles 58th (Central Ontario) Battalion
49th (Edmonton) Battalion 5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles 60th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion
Pioneers 3rd Canadian Pioneer Battalion
4th Canadian Division Canada
10th Brigade 11th Brigade 12th Brigade
44th Battalion 54th (Kootenay) Battalion 38th (Ottawa) Battalion
46th (South Saskatchewan) Battalion 75th (Mississauga) Battalion 72nd (Seaforth Highlanders) Battalion
47th (British Columbia) Battalion 87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion 73rd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion
50th (Calgary) Battalion 102nd Battalion 78th (Winnipeg Grenadiers) Battalion
Pioneers 67th Canadian Pioneer Battalion
1st Australian Division Australia maggior generale Harold Bridgwood Walker
1st (New South Wales) Brigade 2nd (Victoria) Brigade 3rd Brigade
1st Battalion 5th Battalion 9th (Queensland) Battalion
2nd Battalion 6th Battalion 10th (South Australia) Battalion
3rd Battalion 7th Battalion 11th (West Australia) Battalion
4th Battalion 8th Battalion 12th (S and W Australia) Battalion
Pioneers 1st Australian Pioneer Battalion
2nd Australian Division Australia maggior generale James Gordon Legge[3]
5th (New South Wales) Brigade 6th (Victoria) Brigade 7th Brigade
17th Battalion 21st Battalion 25th (Queensland) Battalion
18th Battalion 22nd Battalion 26th (Queensland & Tasmania) Battalion
19th Battalion 23rd Battalion 27th (South Australia) Battalion
20th Battalion 24th Battalion 28th (West Australia) Battalion
Pioneers 2nd Australian Pioneer Battalion
4th Australian Division Australia maggior generale Sir Herbert Cox][3]
4th Brigade 12th Brigade 13th Brigade
13th (New South Wales) Battalion 45th (New South Wales) Battalion 49th (Queensland) Battalion
14th (Victoria) Battalion 46th (Victoria) Battalion 50th (South Australia & Tasmania) Battalion
15th (Queensland & Tasmania) Battalion 47th (Queensland & Tasmania) Battalion 51st (West Australia) Battalion
16th (South & West Australia) Battalion 48th (South & West Australia) Battalion 52nd (West & South Australia, Tasmania) Battalion
Pioneers 4th Australian Pioneer Battalion
5th Australian Division Australia maggior generale James Whiteside McCay[3]
8th Brigade 14th (New South Wales) Brigade 15th (Victoria) Brigade
29th (Victoria) Battalion 53rd Battalion 57th Battalion
30th (New South Wales) Battalion 54th Battalion 58th Battalion
31st (Queensland & Victoria) Battalion 55th Battalion 59th Battalion
32nd (South & West Australia) Battalion 56th Battalion 60th Battalion
Pioneers 5th Australian Pioneer Battalion

Royal Flying Corps[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Le forze francesi[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

La maggioranza delle divisioni francesi erano strutturate su tre reggimenti, ognuno dei quali era a sua volta strutturato su tre battaglioni.

Durante la battaglia di Verdun, il generale Philippe Pétain aveva fatto ruotare molte divisioni durante lo svolgimento dello scontro e così che sulla Somme arrivarono molte divisioni che solo lì ricevettero il battesimo del fuoco.

Organizzazione delle armate e dei corpi d'armata[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Di seguito vi è la lista delle armate, dei corpi d'armata e delle divisioni francesi che presero parte allo scontro.[53]

Struttura delle armate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Struttura dei corpi d'armata[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 1er corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Adolphe Guillaumat
  • 2e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Denis Auguste Duchêne
  • 5e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Antoine Baucheron de Boissoudy
  • 6e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Marie Jean Auguste Paulinier
  • 7e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Georges de Bazelaire
  • 9e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Horace Fernand Achille Pentel
  • 11e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Charles Mangin
  • 20e corps d'armée. Comandante: generali Georges Prosper Anne Claret de la Touche e Émile Alexis Mazillier
  • 21e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Paul Maistre
  • 30e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Paul Chrétien
  • 32e corps d'armée. Comandante: generali Henri Mathias Berthelot e Marie-Eugène Debeney
  • 33e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Alphonse Nudant
  • 35e corps d'armée. Comandante: generale Charles Jacquot
  • 1e corps d'armée colonial. Comandante: generale Pierre Berdoulat
  • 2e corps d'armée colonial. Comandante: generale Ernest Blondlat
  • 1er corps de cavalerie. Comandante: generale Louis Conneau
  • 2e corps de cavalerie. Comandante: generale Antoine de Mitry

Divisioni di fanteria[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 1re division d'infanterie
  • 2e division d'infanterie
  • 3e division d'infanterie
  • 4e division d'infanterie
  • 10e division d'infanterie
  • 11e division d'infanterie
  • 12e division d'infanterie
  • 13e division d'infanterie
  • 14e division d'infanterie
  • 17e division d'infanterie
  • 18e division d'infanterie
  • 20e division d'infanterie
  • 25e division d'infanterie
  • 26e division d'infanterie
  • 39e division d'infanterie
  • 41e division d'infanterie
  • 42e division d'infanterie
  • 43e division d'infanterie
  • 45e division d'infanterie
  • 46e division d'infanterie
  • 47e division d'infanterie
  • 48e division d'infanterie
  • 51e division d'infanterie
  • 53e division d'infanterie
  • 56e division d'infanterie
  • 61e division d'infanterie
  • 62e division d'infanterie
  • 66e division d'infanterie
  • 70e division d'infanterie
  • 72e division d'infanterie
  • 77e division d'infanterie
  • 120e division d'infanterie
  • 121e division d'infanterie
  • 125e division d'infanterie
  • 127e division d'infanterie
  • 132e division d'infanterie
  • 152e division d'infanterie
  • 153e division d'infanterie
  • 1re division marocaine
  • 2e division d'infanterie coloniale
  • 3e division d'infanterie coloniale
  • 10e division d'infanterie coloniale
  • 15e division d'infanterie coloniale
  • 16e division d'infanterie coloniale

Divisioni di cavalleria[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 1re division de cavalerie
  • 2e division de cavalerie
  • 3e division de cavalerie
  • 4e division de cavalerie

Le forze tedesche: la 2. Armee[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Comandante del gruppo d'armate: Max von Gallwitz
Comandante: General der Infanterie Fritz von Below
Capo di Stato Maggiore: generale Erich von Falkenhayn (fino al 28 agosto 1916), successivamente generale Paul von Hindenburg

Garde Divisionen[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

2. Armee: generale Fritz von Below Germania
3. Garde-Division Guarde-Füsilier-Regiment Lehr-Regiment Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 9
3. Garde-Division 5. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 5 Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 93

Divisioni di linea[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Divisioni di Linea
5th Division Grenadier Regiment 8 Grenadier Regiment No. 12 Regiment 52
6. Division Regiment 20 Regiment 24 Regiment 64
7. Division Regiment 26 Regiment 27 Regiment 165
8. Division Regiment 72 Regiment 93 Regiment 153
12. Division Regiment 23 Regiment 62 Regiment 63
16. Division Regiment 28 Regiment 29 Regiment 68 and 69
24. Division Regiment 133 Regiment 139 Regiment 179
26. Division(Württemberg) Grenadier Regiment 119 Regiment 121 Regiment 125
27. Division Regiment 120 Grenadier Regiment 123 Regiment 124 e 127
38. Division Regiment 94 Regiment 95 Regiment 96
40. Division Regiment 104 Regiment 134 Regiment 181
52. Division Regiment 66 (3rd Magdeburg) Regiment 169 Regiment 170
56. Division Füsilier-Regiment 35 Regiment 88 Regiment 118
58. Division Regiment 106 Regiment 107 Reserve-Regiment 120
111. Division Füsilier-Regiment 20 Regiment 76 Regiment 164
117. Division Regiment 157 Reserve-Regiment 11 Reserve-Regiment 22
183. Division Regiment 183 Regiment 184 Reserve-Regiment 122
185. Division Regiment 185 Regiment 186 Regiment 190
208. Division Regiment 25 Regiment 185 Reserve-Regiment 65
222. Division Regiment 193 Regiment 397 Reserve-Regiment 81
223. Division Regiment 144 Regiment 173 Ersatz-Regiment 29
4. Ersatz Division Regiment 359 Regiment 360 Regiment 361 & 362
5. Ersatz Division Landwehr-Regiment 73 Landwehr-Regiment 74 Reserve Ersatz Regiment 3
2. Königlich Bayerische Division Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 12 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 15 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 20
3. Königlich Bayerische Division Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 17 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 18 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 23
4. Königlich Bayerische Division Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 5 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 9 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 5
5. Königlich Bayerische Division Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 7 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 14 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 19 & 21
6. Königlich Bayerische Division Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 6 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 10 Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 11 & 13
10. Königlich Bayerische Division[54] Bayerisches Infanterie-Regiment 16 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 6 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 8
Marine-Brigade Marine Regiment 1 Marine Regiment 2 Marine Regiment 3

Garde-Reserve-Divisionen[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Reserve Guards Divisions[55]
1. Garde-Reserve-Division 1. Garde-Reserve-Regiment 2. Garde-Reserve-Regiment 64. Garde-Reserve-Regiment
2. Garde-Reserve-Division[54] 15. Garde-Reserve-Regiment 55. Garde-Reserve-Regiment Garde-Reserve-Regiment Nr. 77 & 91

Divisioni di fanteria della Riserva[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Reserve-Infanterie-Divisionen[55]
7. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 36 Reserve-Regiment 66 Reserve-Regiment 72
12. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 23 Reserve-Regiment 38 Reserve-Regiment 51
17. Reserve-Division Regiment 162 Regiment 163 Reserve-Regiment 75 & 76
18. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 31 Reserve-Regiment 84 Reserve-Regiment 86
19. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 73 Reserve-Regiment 78 Reserve-Regiment 79 & 92
23. Reserve-Division Reserve-Grenadier-Regiment 101 Reserve-Regiment 101 Reserve-Regiment 102
24. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 101 Reserve-Regiment 107 Reserve-Regiment 133
26. Reserve-Division[54] Infanterie-Regiment 180 (10. Württemburg) Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment 99 Reserve Infanterie-Regiment 119 & 121
28. Reserve-Division[54] Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment 109 Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment 110 Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment 111
45. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 210 Reserve-Regiment 211 Reserve-Regiment 212
50. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 229 Reserve-Regiment 230 Reserve-Regiment 231
51. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 233 Reserve-Regiment 234 Reserve-Regiment 235 & 236
52. Reserve-Division Reserve-Regiment 238 Reserve-Regiment 239 Reserve-Regiment 240
6. Bayerisches Reserve-Division Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 16 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 17 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 20 & 21
Bayerisches Ersatz-Division Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 14 Bayerisches Reserve-Regiment 15 Ersatz-Regiment 28
89. Reserve-Brigade Reserve-Regiment 209 Reserve-Regiment 213

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ Hart p. 42
  2. ^ Hart p.43
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Western Front Association website
  4. ^ Liddle p. 175
  5. ^ a b Liddle p.174
  6. ^ Liddle p.175
  7. ^ Hart p.164
  8. ^ Hart p.385
  9. ^ Hart p.132
  10. ^ Hart p.184
  11. ^ Liddell-Hart p.322
  12. ^ Hart p.308
  13. ^ Keegan p.320
  14. ^ Doughty p. 291
  15. ^ Hart p.209
  16. ^ Hart Appendix B
  17. ^ Army Council, Cmnd 1138
  18. ^ La 102nd e la 103rd Infantry Brigade, appartenenti alla 34th Division, registrarono perdite pesantissime durante la battaglia di Albert. Queste due brigate si scambiarono con la 111th e la 112th Infantry Brigade, appartenenti alla 37th Division del IV Corpo d'armata della First Army. Insieme ad essa la 102nd e la 103th Brigade combatterono sul crinale di Vimy, mentre le altre due brigate combatterono a Bazentin e a Poziéres sotto la 34th Division. (Liddle p. 176)
  19. ^ National Archives: Naval Division (1914-1919)
  20. ^ Buchan p.58
  21. ^ Buchan p. 56
  22. ^ Long Long Trail
  23. ^ The 25th Division in France and Flanders by Lieutenant-Colonel M Kincaid-Smith Naval & Military Press, 2006, ISBN 978-1-84734-103-7
  24. ^ Hart p.54
  25. ^ Il Bermondsey Battalion
  26. ^ Il 2nd Portsmouth Battalion
  27. ^ Il Kent County Battalion
  28. ^ Il Lewisham Battalion
  29. ^ Il 2nd Football Battalion
  30. ^ L'Arts and Crafts Battalion
  31. ^ Il Wearside Battalion
  32. ^ Il Yeomen Rifles Battalion
  33. ^ Il 2nd Public Works Battalion
  34. ^ a b City of London Regiment
  35. ^ Popular and Stepney Rifles Regiment
  36. ^ 1st Surry Rifles Regiment
  37. ^ London Irish Rifles Regiment
  38. ^ a b Il Queen's Regiment
  39. ^ Post Office Rifles Regiment
  40. ^ St. Pancras Regiment
  41. ^ Civil Service Rifles Regiment
  42. ^ Blackheath and Woolwich Regiment
  43. ^ Il Sutherland and Caithness Battalion
  44. ^ Il Ross Highland Battalion
  45. ^ Il Morayshire Battalion
  46. ^ Il Fife Battalion
  47. ^ Il Argyllshire Battalion
  48. ^ The Buchan and Formartine Battalion
  49. ^ L'Highlanders Battalion
  50. ^ Il Banff and Donside Battalion
  51. ^ Il Deeside Highland Battalion
  52. ^ Questa divisione successivamente si unirà nel II Corpo d'armata della'ANZAC insieme con la 3rd e la 5th Australian Division
  53. ^ [1] french: Organigramme des Grandes Batailles. Accessed 2010-07-01.
  54. ^ a b c d Imperial War Museum (The Somme) website
  55. ^ a b Hart Appendix C

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • John Buchan, The history of the South African forces in France, Litho reprint of 1920, London, Imperial War Museum & Battery Press, 1992, ISBN 0-901-627-89-5.
  • Peter. K. Digby, Pyramids and Poppies: The 1st SA Infantry Brigade in Libya, France and Flanders: 1915-1919, Rivonia, Ashanti, 1993, ISBN 1-874800-53-7.
  • Robert A. Doughty, Pyrrhic Victory: French Strategy and Operation in the Great War, Cambridge, MA, London, Belknap Press, 2005.
  • Peter Hart, The Somme, London, Cassell, 2006, ISBN 978-0-304-36735-1.
  • John Keegan, The First World War, First, London, Random House, 1998, ISBN 0-09-180178-8.
  • Peter, H. Liddle, The 1916 Battle of the Somme: A Reappraisal, Hertfordshire, Wordsworth, 2001, ISBN 1-84022-240-9.
  • Basil, H. Liddell-Hart, History of the First World Wat, 3rd (1973), Trowbridge, Redwood Burn Ltd., 1970.
  • Report of the Battles of the Somme: Nomenclature Committee as approved by Army Council, Cmnd 1138, London. HMSO, 1922
  • The Western Front Association (WFA), pp. Order Of Battle For The Somme July - November 1916. URL consultato il 31 luglio 2009.
  • Imperial War Museum (The Somme), pp. Order of Battle: Somme.
  • National Archives (UK): Royal Naval Division (1914 - 1919). URL consultato l'8 agosto 2009.
  • 1914-1918 Net in The long, long trail, pp. The 21st Division in 1914–1918. URL consultato il 9 agosto 2009.
  • Andrew Robertshaw, Dennis, Peter, Somme: 1 July 1916, Capaign 169, Oxford, Osprey, 2006, ISBN 978-1-84603-038-3.

Collegamenti esterni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]