Rudolf Douala Manga Bell

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Rudolf Douala Manga Bell
Rudolf Douala Manga Bell
Re Bell
In carica 1910 –
1914
Predecessore Auguste Manga Ndoumbe Bell
Nascita Douala, 1873
Morte 1914
Dinastia Bell
Padre Auguste Manga Ndoumbe Bell
Consorte Emily Engome Dayas

Rudolf Duala Manga Bell (18738 agosto 1914) è stato un politico camerunese, è membro della dinastia Bell e un leader dei Duala.

Succede a suo padre Auguste Manga Ndoumbe Bell nel 1908 durante il periodo coloniale tedesco in Kamerun. Muore impiccato nel 1914 con l'accusa di alto tradimento.

Note[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica sorgente]

  • Ralph A. Austen, "The Metamorphoses of the Middlemen: The Duala, Europeans, and the Cameroon Hinterland, ca. 1800–ca. 1960". The International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1983.
  • Nerius Namaso Mbile, Cameroon Political Story: Memories of an Authentic Eye Witness, African Books Collective, 2011.
  • Itohan I. Osayimwese, Colonialism at the Center: German Colonial Architecture and the Design Reform Movement, 1828-1914, ProQuest, 2008.
  • Ralph A. Austen, Jonathan Derrick, Middlemen of the Cameroons Rivers: the Duala and their hinterland, c.1600-c.1960, Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-521-56664-9.
  • René Bureau, Le peuple du fleuve: sociologie de la conversion chez les Douala, KARTHALA Editions, 1996. ISBN 2-86537-631-1.
  • Bouopda Pierre Kamé, Cameroun, du protectorat vers la démocratie, 1884-1992, Editions L'Harmattan, 2008. ISBN 2-296-05445-5.
  • Bayart, Jean-François (1989). "Cameroon". Contemporary West African States. Cambridge University Press.
  • Brunschwig, Henri (1974). "De la Résistance Africaine à l'Impérialisme Européen". The Journal of African History, Vol. 15, No. 1.
  • Clarence-Smith, William Gervase (2000). Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765–1914. London: Routledge.
  • DeLancey, Mark W., and DeLancey, Mark Dike (2000): Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cameroon (3rd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press.
  • Dorward, D. C. (1986). "German West Africa, 1905–1914". The Cambridge History of Africa. Vol. 7: c. 1905–c. 1940. Cambridge University Press.
  • Green, Jeffrey (1998). Black Edwardians: Black People in Britain, 1901–14. New York: Frank Cass Publishers.
  • Hill, Robert A., ed. (2006). The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers: Africa for the Africans, 1923–1945, Vol. X. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Ngoh, Victor Julius (1996): History of Cameroon Since 1800. Limbe: Presbook.
  • Quinn, Frederick E. (1990): "Rain Forest Encounters: The Beti Meet the Germans, 1887–1916". Introduction to the History of Cameroon in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Stoecker, Helmuth (Zölner, Bernd, trans.) (1986). "Colonial Rule after the Defeat of the Uprisings". German Imperialism in Africa: From the Beginnings until the Second World War. London: C. Hurst & Col (Publishers) Ltd.

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