Ferrovia Pechino-Shanghai

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Pechino-Shanghai
Nome originale京沪铁路
InizioPechino
FineShanghai
Stati attraversatiCina Cina
Lunghezza1451,4 km
Aperturadal 1896 al 1912
GestoreCR
Scartamento1435 mm
Elettrificazione25 kV AC
Ferrovie

La ferrovia Pechino-Shanghai (in cinese 京沪铁路) è un'importante linea ferroviaria posta nel centro-est della Cina. Servendo importanti città, quali Pechino, Tientsin, Jinan, Xuzhou, Bengbu, Nanchino e Shanghai.

Storia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

La ferrovia fu costruita a tratte tra il 1896 e il 1912 e fu più volte ricostruita negli anni successivi.

Le ferrovia era separata dal fiume Azzurro: i passeggeri che viaggiano in treno da sud a nord dovevano scendere dal convoglio e prendere il traghetto per arrivare dall'altra parte del fiume. Dopo che il ponte sul fiume Azzurro di Nanchino fu aperto al traffico nel 1968, la ferrovia fu unificata e i sei traghetti del treno da Pukou a Xiaguan furono tutti sospressi il 5 maggio 1973.

Il 1º luglio 2005, la Pechino-Shanghai, iniziarono i lavori per l'elettrificazione. Dal 20 giugno 2006, l'intera linea è stata alimentata a 25 kV AC e dal 1º luglio, la ferrovia è stata ufficialmente elettrificata.

Dopo l'apertura della ferrovia ad alta velocità Shanghai-Nanchino, la capacità di trasporto della sezione Shanghai-Nanchino è stata notevolmente liberata e l'ufficio ferroviario di Shanghai ha aggiunto 20 coppie di treni merci dopo l'apertura.

Dal 2019 la linea è priva di passaggi a livello.

Percorso[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Il ponte sul fiume Azzurro a Nanchino, parte importante della linea, fu aperta al traffico nel 1968.
Stazioni e fermate
Continuation backward
linea per Pechino Ovest
Station on track
0+000 Pechino Centrale
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Harbin
Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea AV per Tientsin
Station on track
8+6 Pechino Sud
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea AV per Shanghai
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "KRZ+r" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
linea per Pechino Est
Unknown route-map component "eDST" Straight track
Fengtai
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right Straight track
linee per Canton e Shacheng
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "YRDq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r" Straight track
Fengtai ovest smistamento
Unknown route-map component "KRWg+l" Unknown route-map component "KRWr"
Ferrovia Pechino-Kowloon
Stop on track
33+1 Huangcun
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr"
linea per Kowloon
Stop on track
73+2 Langfang Nord
Stop on track
Yangcun
Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Jizhou
Stop on track
Hangouzhen
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Bazhou
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
Straight track Stop on track
Beicang
Straight track Unknown route-map component "YRD"
Nancang smistamento
Small non-passenger station on track Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Wangqinzhuang
Straight track Straight track Station on track
Tientsin Nord
Straight track Unknown route-map component "STR+c2"
Unknown route-map component "tSTR3+la" + One way leftward
Station on transverse track Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
Tientsin linea per Shanhaiguan
Unknown route-map component "d" Straight track Unknown route-map component "ABZg+1u" Unknown route-map component "dSTRc4"
Straight track Station on track
136+1 Tientsin Ovest
Unknown route-map component "KRWl" Unknown route-map component "KRWg+r"
Small non-passenger station on track
Caozhuang
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "KRZulr" Stop on transverse track Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
Tientsin Sud linea AV Pechino-Shanghai
Stop on track
Yangliuqing
Stop on track
Jinghai
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
Ferrovia Shuohuang
Station on track
251+2 Cangzhou
Stop on track
291+5 Botou
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right
linea per Shijiazhuang
Station on track
365+8 Dezhou
Small non-passenger station on track
Huangheya
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Dajiawa
Stop on track
Pingyuan
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Handan
Stop on track
Yancheng Nord
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "hCONTg"
Yancheng linea AV per Pechino
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "hKRZ" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae" Unknown route-map component "hKRZW" Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Ponti sul fiume Giallo
Stop on track Elevated Straight track
Qiaonan
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "hKRZ" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
Ferrovia Jinan
Straight track Elevated Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Qingdao
Unknown route-map component "YRD" Unknown route-map component "hBHF" Straight track
470 Jixi smisstamnto / Jinan Ovest
Straight track Elevated Station on track
Jinan
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "hKRZ" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr"
Ferrovia Jinan
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "hABZgl+l" Unknown route-map component "hSTRr"
Dangjiazhuang
Straight track Unknown route-map component "hCONTf"
linea AV per Shanghai
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Feicheng
Stop on track
555+8 Tai'an
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Xindian
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "kABZq2" Unknown route-map component "KRZu+k3" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
Ferrovia Shanxi-Henan-Shandong
Unknown route-map component "kABZg+4"
Stop on track
Ciyao
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Laiwu
Non-passenger station/depot on track
Yanzhou Nord smistamento
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right
linea per Xinxiang
Station on track
640+4 Yanzhou
Stop on track
Chengjiazhuang
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Shijiusuo
Stop on track
673 Zoucheng
Stop on track
Jingting
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Zhu Bao
Stop on track
735+5 Zaozhuang Ovest
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Junction both to and from right
Ferrovia Longhai
Straight track Unknown route-map component "YRD"
Xuzhoubei
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZqlr"
Unknown route-map component "SPLag+r" + One way rightward
linea per Lanzhou
Unknown route-map component "vBHF-STR"
802+9 Xuzhou
Unknown route-map component "vSTR-DST"
Xuzhou Sud
Unknown route-map component "vABZgl" Unknown route-map component "vCONTfq"
linee per Lianyungang e Xuzhou-Dahu
Unknown route-map component "SPLe"
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Jiahezhai
Stop on track
Fuliji
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Yuanbei
Stop on track
877+9 Suzhou
Unknown route-map component "KRWgl" Unknown route-map component "KRW+r"
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae" Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Ponti sul fiume Bengbu Huai
Station on track Straight track
968+2 Bengbu
Unknown route-map component "KRWg+l" Unknown route-map component "KRWr"
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "KRZur" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea AV per Pechino-Shanghai
Unknown route-map component "YRD"
Bengbudong
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right
linea per Shuijiahu
Stop on track
1094+4 Chuzhoubei
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Hankou
Stop on track
Yongningzhen
Junction both to and from left Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Lu Si
Small non-passenger station on track
Linchang
Unknown route-map component "KRW+l" Unknown route-map component "KRWgr"
Small non-passenger station on track Straight track
Puzhen
Unknown route-map component "KDSTxe" Straight track
Nanchino Nord
Unknown route-map component "exhKRZWae" + Unknown route-map component "exTRAJEKT"
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Traghettamento † 1973 / Ponte sul fiume Azzurro a Nanchino
Unknown route-map component "KDSTxa" Straight track
Nanchino Ovest
Unknown route-map component "KDSTaq" + Straight track
Unknown route-map component "KRZu+r" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Nanchino EMU
Unknown route-map component "KRWl" Unknown route-map component "KRWg+r" Straight track
linea AV per Shanghai
Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
1150+1 Nanchino
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Unknown route-map component "KRZu" One way rightward
linea AV per Shanghai
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEf"
Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Anello ferroviario di Nanchino Chengbei
Small non-passenger station on track Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
Xingweicun
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
linea per Tongling
Unknown route-map component "YRD" Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
Nanchino Est
Unknown route-map component "KRWgl" Unknown route-map component "KRWg+r"
Unknown route-map component "eBST" Small non-passenger station on track
Qixiashan / Qixiashan Sud
Small non-passenger station on track Unknown route-map component "ENDEe"
Longtan
Small non-passenger station on track
Xiashu
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEg"
Small non-passenger station on track
Gaozi
Unknown route-map component "hCONTg" Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
1213+9 Zhenjiang
Unknown route-map component "hSTRl" Unknown route-map component "KRZh" Unknown route-map component "KRZh" Unknown route-map component "hCONTfq"
linea AV per Pechino-Shanghai
Unknown route-map component "eABZgl+l" Unknown route-map component "eKRZu" Unknown route-map component "exCONTfq"
linea per Dongji
One way leftward Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Unknown route-map component "HST-L" Unknown route-map component "HST-R"
1242+1 Danyang
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEf"
Danyang Est
Small non-passenger station on track
Lücheng
Small non-passenger station on track
Benniu
Small non-passenger station on track
Xinzhazhen
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEg"
Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
1286+3 Changzhou
Unknown route-map component "HST-L" Unknown route-map component "HST-R"
Qishuyan
Small non-passenger station on track Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
Wuxi Nord
Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
1325+4 Wuxi
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEf"
Wuxi Sud
Small non-passenger station on track
Zhoujingxiang
Small non-passenger station on track
Shuofang
Small non-passenger station on track
Wangting
Small non-passenger station on track
Xushuguan
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEg"
Suzhouxi
Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
1367+7 Suzhou
Small non-passenger station on track Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
Waikuatang
Small non-passenger station on track Unknown route-map component "LSTR"
Weiting
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Unknown route-map component "KRZu" One way rightward Continuation backward
linea AV per Pechino-Shanghai e per Nanchino Sud
Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Transverse track One way rightward
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEf"
Station on track
1402+2 Kunshan
Small non-passenger station on track
Lujiabang
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEg"
Straight track
One way leftward Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
Stop on track Straight track
Anting
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr"
linea AV per Pechino-Shanghai
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEf"
Huangdu
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Junction both to and from right
linea per Kunming
Unknown route-map component "YRD"
Nanxiang
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Hejiawan
Small non-passenger station on track
Straight track + Unknown route-map component "MFADEg"
Jiangqiaozhen
Unknown route-map component "KRWg+l" Unknown route-map component "KRWr"
linea AV per Shanghai
Station on track
Shanghai Ovest
Station on track
1451+4 Shanghai
Non-passenger end station Scenic interest
Shanghai Nord † 1987 / Museo ferroviario di Shanghai

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]