Ferrovia Marsiglia-Ventimiglia

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Marsiglia-Ventimiglia
Ligne Marseille-Vintimille.svg
Stati attraversatiFrancia Francia
Monaco Monaco
Italia Italia
Attivazionedal 1858 al 1872
GestoreSNCF
Precedenti gestoriPLM (1858-1938)
SNCF (1938-1997)
RFF (1997-2014)
Lunghezza259 km
Scartamento1435 mm
Elettrificazione25 kV ~ 50 Hz (1500 V = nella stazione di Ventimiglia)
Ferrovie

La ferrovia Marsiglia-Ventimiglia è un'importante linea ferroviaria posta nel sud-est della Francia. Segue la Costa Azzurra servendo importanti città, quali Marsiglia, Tolone e Nizza. La linea ferroviaria attraversa il Principato di Monaco e valica il confine franco-italiano nei pressi di Mentone, congiungendosi con la rete ferroviaria italiana nella stazione di Ventimiglia.

A causa di queste difficoltà di accesso per ferrovia, il trasporto aereo è molto importante in questa regione: l'aeroporto di Nizza Costa Azzurra è il primo aeroporto provinciale francese, e il collegamento da Parigi Orly a Nizza è il principale collegamento aereo francese in termini di numero di passeggeri. Ci vogliono più di 5 ore e mezza per raggiungere Nizza da Parigi in TGV, mentre Marsiglia dista solo tre ore dalla capitale; la quota modale della ferrovia è quindi solo del 31% su questo collegamento. Nasce così il progetto della nuova linea Provence-Côte d'Azur, che dovrebbe collegare, oltre il 2050, Parigi a Nizza nelle 4h30 - 4h45, ma che collegherà anche le principali città della regione Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra.

Caratteristiche[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

 Stazioni e fermate 
Continuation backward
per Genova
Unknown route-map component "dKDSTa-L" Unknown route-map component "dKBHFa-M" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "d"
147+315
0+000
Ventimiglia (cambio tensione)
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "eABZgl+l" Unknown route-map component "exKDSTeq"
DL SNCF Ventimiglia
Unknown route-map component "dWASSERq" Unknown route-map component "vWBRÜCKE1" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "WCONTgeq" Unknown route-map component "d"
fiume Roia
Unknown route-map component "dKDSTaq" Unknown route-map component "vABZr+r-STR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "d"
(3+057)
(2+602)
Ventimiglia Parco Roja (senza traffico)[1]
Unknown route-map component "dCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "vSHI1l-STRr" Straight track Unknown route-map component "d"
(1+096) intersezione a raso con linea per Breil/Cuneo
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa" Straight track
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Enter and exit tunnel
galleria Ventimiglia
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe" Straight track
Unknown route-map component "KRWl" Unknown route-map component "KRWg+r"
(0+000)
1+941
Bivio Calandre
Enter and exit tunnel
galleria Calandre
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Latte
Restricted border on track
confine Italia-Francia
Level crossing
D 6007
Underbridge
Chemin du Peyronnet
Small arched bridge
Chemin du Perroquet
Small bridge
Avenue Katherine Mansfield
Stop on track
2+002 Mentone-Garavan (2 binari)
Small bridge
Impasse des Jasmins
Small bridge
Avenue Blasco Ibanes
Small arched bridge
Raccourci du Pian
Underbridge
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(500 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Boulevard de Fossan
Underbridge
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Avenue du Verdun
Station on track
2+004 Mentone
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Cours René Coty
Underbridge
Corniche des Serres de la Madonne
Small bridge
Rue Paul Morillot
Stop on track
2+006 Carnolés
Small bridge
Avenue François de Monléon
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(700 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Station on track
2+008 Roccabruna
Unknown route-map component "eABZgl" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exSTR+r"
vecchio tracciato † 1964
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
(5500 m)
Unknown route-map component "tZOLL" Unknown route-map component "xGRENZE"
Confine Francia-Principato di Monaco
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exBHF"
Monte-Carlo † 1965
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2"
Unknown route-map component "etKRWgl" Unknown route-map component "extKRW+r" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2"
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "extSTRe" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
4+012 Monaco-Monte Carlo
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exKRWl" Unknown route-map component "exKRWg+r"
vecchio tracciato † 1964
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exBHF"
Monaco-Monte Carlo † 1999
Unknown route-map component "tZOLL" Unknown route-map component "xGRENZE"
Confine Principato di Monaco-Francia
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe" Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL2"
Unknown route-map component "eABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRr"
vecchio tracciato † 1999
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(200 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Stop on track
3+015 Cap d'Ail
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(225 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(620 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Underbridge
Castelleret Inférieur
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(65 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(550 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Underbridge
Stop on track
3+018 Èze
Level crossing
Chemin des Pins
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(440 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Level crossing
Stop on track
3+021 Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Small bridge
Boulevard du Maréchal Leclerc
Underbridge
Pont Saint-Jean
Underbridge
Avenue Louise Bordes
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(85 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Stop on track
2+023 Villefranche-sur-Mer
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(1500 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Small bridge
Boulevard de l'Armée des Alpes
Stop on track
2+025 Nice-Riquier
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Rond-point de l'Armée des Alpes
Unknown route-map component "udCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "udCONTfq"
Tram T1 per Hopital Pasteur
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Le Paillon
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(700 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "STR+r" Straight track
per Breil-sur-Roya
Small bridge Small bridge
Rue de Lépant
Unknown route-map component "BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "BHF-R"
2+027
0+000
Nice-Ville
Unknown route-map component "KRWl" Unknown route-map component "KRWg+r"
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Boulevard Gambetta
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(500 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Avenue de Bellet
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Boulevard René Cassin
Stop on track
5+032 Nice-Saint-Augustin
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Le Var
Stop on track
2+034 Saint-Laurent-du-Var
Stop on track
2+036 Cros-de-Cagnes
Small bridge over water
La Cagne
Small bridge
Boulevard Maréchal Juin
Station on track
2+038 Cagnes-sur-Mer (inizio 3 binari)
Small bridge over water
Le Loup
Stop on track
3+041 Villeneuve-Loubet
Stop on track
3+015 Biot
Small bridge over water
La Brague
Station on track
3+015 Antibes (inizio 2 binari)
Stop on track
3+015 Juan-les-Pins
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Autopont d'Antibes
Stop on track
3+015 Golfe-Juan-Vallauris
Small bridge
Boulevard de la Croisette
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(2000 m)
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
3+015 Cannes
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Stop on track
3+015 Cannes-la-Bocca
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr"
linea per Grasse
Non-passenger station/depot on track
3+015 Gare de Marchandise de Cannes-la-Bocca
Small bridge over water
La Frayère
Small bridge over water
Le Béal
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
La Siagne
Small bridge over water
Riou de l'Argentière
Stop on track
3+015 Mandelieu-la-Napoule
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
Port de la Rague
Stop on track
3+015 Théoule-sur-Mer
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(1000 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(95 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Level crossing
Rue Georges Hechter
Stop on track
3+015 Le Trayas
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(120 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Small bridge
D 559
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Pont d'Anthéor
Stop on track
3+015 Anthéor-Cap-Roux
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(110 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Small bridge over water
L'Agay
Stop on track
3+015 Agay
Stop on track
3+015 Le Dramont
Level crossing
Route de la Corniche
Stop on track
3+015 Boulouris-sur-Mer
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(200 m)
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
3+015 Saint-Raphaël-Valescure
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Small arched bridge over water
La Garonne
Small bridge over water
Le Pédegal
Station on track
3+015 Gare de Fréjus Autotrain
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Fréjus
Small bridge
Avenue du 8 mai 1945
Small bridge over water
Le Reyran
Level crossing
Level crossing
Rue Lamartine
Small arched bridge over water
Le Blavet
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
D 7
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Au"
Autoroute A8 - La Provençale
Unknown route-map component "exCONTgq" Unknown route-map component "eABZg+r"
per Draguignan † 1981
Station on track
3+015 Gare des Arcs - Draguignan
Non-passenger station/depot on track
3+015 Gare de Marchandise des Arcs
Unknown route-map component "hKRZWae"
L'Argens
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Vidauban
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
DN 7
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Au"
Autoroute A8 - La Provençale
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Le Luc - Le Cannet
Level crossing
Chemin du Pavillon
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
N 97
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Gonfaron
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Pignans
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
linea per Gardanne
Station on track
3+015 Gare de Carnoules
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Puget-Ville
Small bridge
D 97
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
D 43
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Ao"
Autoroute A57
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Cuers
Level crossing
Avenue Henri et Jaqueline Majastre
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Solliés-Pont
Small bridge over water
Le Gapeau
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Route de la Crau
Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
linea per Les Salines d'Hyères
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Ao"
Autoroute A570
Station on track
3+015 La Pauline-Hyères
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de La Garde
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Au"
Autoroute A57
Small bridge
Avenue Colonel Picot
Station on track
3+015 Tolone
Underbridge
Avenue Docteur Fontan
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Quai Marmora
Underbridge
DN 8
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Au"
Autoroute A50
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de La Seyne Six Fours
Non-passenger station/depot on track
3+015 Gare de Marchandise di Tolone
Small bridge over water
La Reppe
Stop on track
3+015 Gare d'Ollioules - Sanary
Small bridge
D 11
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
D 559
Station on track
3+015 Gare de Bandol
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Avenue Marechal Juin
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Saint-Cyr - Les Lecques - La Cadière
Unknown route-map component "hSTRae"
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de La Ciotat
Small bridge
Avenue Èmilie Bodin
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(1700 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(350 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de Cassis
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(2600 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRa"
(400 m)
Unknown route-map component "tSTRe"
Small bridge
Avenue de Verdun
Unknown route-map component "WCONTgq" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER+r"
L'Huveaune
Underbridge Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
Avenue de Garlaban
Station on track Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
3+015 Gare d'Aubagne (inizio triplo binario)
Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Au" Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
Autoroute A50
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
3+015 Gare de La Penne-sur-Huveaune
Underbridge Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
Rue Léon Bancal
Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER+l" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "v-WASSERr"
L'Huveaune
Unknown route-map component "v-WASSERl" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER+r"
L'Huveaune
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER"
3+015 Gare de Saint-Marcel
Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER+l" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "v-WASSERr"
L'Huveaune
Unknown route-map component "v-WASSER" Unknown route-map component "SKRZ-Ao"
Autoroute A50
Unknown route-map component "v-WASSERl" Small bridge over water Unknown route-map component "WCONTfq"
L'Huveaune
Stop on track
3+015 Gare de La Pomme
Small bridge
Boulevard Pierre Ménard
Non-passenger head station Straight track
3+015 Dépôt de Marseille-Blancarde
Straight track Small bridge
Chemin de la Parette
Straight track Unknown route-map component "mKRZo"
Tram T1 per Les Caillols
One way leftward Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
per il deposito
Station on track
3+015 Gare de Marseille-Blancarde (inizio quadruplicamento
Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "CONTfq"
per Marseille-Prado
Small bridge
D 4C
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Junction both to and from right
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr" Straight track
per Lione
Continuation forward Straight track
per Parigi
Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
Unknown route-map component "CONTgq" One way rightward Straight track
per Marseille-L'Estaque
End station
3+015 Marsiglia Saint-Charles
Legenda · Convenzioni di stile
Le varianti di Monaco: in blu realizzata tra il 1958 e il 1964 e in verde la seconda variante costruita tra il 1993 e il 1999

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Alessandro Albè, Claudio Castiglion, Le locomotive dei TEE, in TEE. Trans Europ Express, Tutto treno tema, 8 (1995), n. 8, pp. 41-51

Voci correlate[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

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