Daytona 500

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Daytona 500
Logo della competizione
Sport Casco Kubica BMW.svg Automobilismo
Tipo NASCAR
Paese USA
Continente Nord America
Motto The Great American Race
Cadenza Ogni anno, a metà febbraio
Partecipanti 43
Formula 500 miglia, 805 Km
Sito Internet Daytona 500.com
Storia
Fondazione {{{fondazione}}}
Ultimo vincitore Joey Logano
Harley J. Earl Trophy
Harley J. Earl Trophy

La Daytona 500 è una gara automobilistica che si tiene annualmente al Daytona International Speedway in Florida e facente parte della NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. Essa si svolge su una distanza di 200 giri per un totale di 500 miglia (805 km) ed è una delle quattro gare di campionato in cui l'ente organizzatore impone l'uso gli Air restrictor ai motori. Nel 2008 la gara ha celebrato il suo 50o anniversario.

La Daytona 500 è la gara più importante della stagione della NASCAR ed ha il maggior incasso e premio in termini di denaro. Il sistema di punteggio è uguale per ogni altra gara ed è la prima gara della stagione; questo fenomeno è molto inusuale perché di solito il maggior evento di una categoria viene messo a fine stagione. Dal 1995 nei rating della televisione statunitense la Daytona 500 ha superato la Indy 500 e la Daytona 500 è la gara più seguita all'anno. La Daytona 500 del 2006 ha attratto 20 milioni di telespettatori solo negli Stati Uniti.

La Daytona 500 viene denominata il "Super Bowl" dell'automobilismo sportivo. Questa gara è tenuta verso la metà di febbraio dal 1971.

Harley J. Earl Trophy[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

L'Harley J. Earl Trophy è il trofeo che viene assegnato al vincitore della Daytona 500. Questo trofeo è stato intitolato così perché Harley Earl per tanti anni è stato uno dei commisioner più importanti della NASCAR e perciò è stato nominato the father così nominato anche perché è stato il padre della Corvette" (pace-car ufficiale della Daytona 500).

Il trofeo è anche conservato presso il museo Daytona 500 Experience, adiacente al Daytona International Speedway. Il trofeo è alto circa 4 piedi e largo 5 e alla base è raffigurato un tri-ovale che raffigura il Daytona International Speedway. Invece i vincitore della Daytona 500 fino all 1997 ricevono l'Harley Earl Award.

A partire dal 1998, per celebrare la 40ma edizione, i singoli vincitori della Daytona 500 sono stati presentati con una miniatura dell'Harley J. Earl Trophy, che fu ricreato da John Liba uno scultore da Omaha, Nebraska.

Statistiche[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Multiple Daytona 500 pole winners[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Cale Yarborough in race attire
Cale Yarborough qualified on the pole four times (1968, 1970, 1978, 1984)
  • 4 pole positions
    • Buddy Baker (1969, 1973, 1979, 1980)[1]
    • Cale Yarborough (1968, 1970, 1978, 1984)[1]
    • Bill Elliott (1985, 1986, 1987, 2001)[1]
  • 3 pole positions
    • Fireball Roberts (1961, 1962, 1963)[1]
    • Ken Schrader (1988, 1989, 1990)[1]
    • Dale Jarrett (1995, 2000, 2005[2]
  • 2 pole positions
    • Donnie Allison (1975, 1977)[1]
    • Jimmie Johnson (2002, 2008)[2]
    • Jeff Gordon (1999, 2015)

Consecutive Daytona 500 pole winners[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Driver Ken Schrader has a laugh
Ken Schrader, pole position winner for three consecutive years (1988–1990)
  • 3 consecutive
    • Fireball Roberts (1961-1963)[1]
    • Bill Elliott (1985, 1986, 1987)
    • Ken Schrader (1988, 1989, 1990)
  • 2 consecutive
    • Buddy Baker (1979, 1980)

Family Daytona 500 pole winner combos[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Bobby Allison (1981), Donnie Allison (1975, 1977) (Brother of Bobby), and Davey Allison (1991) (Son of Bobby)
  • Dale Earnhardt (1996) (Father) and Dale Earnhardt Jr. (2011) (Son)
  • Richard Petty (1966) (Father) and Kyle Petty (1993) (Son)

Daytona 500 winners from pole position[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 1962 Fireball Roberts[1]
  • 1966 Richard Petty[1]
  • 1968 Cale Yarborough[1]
  • 1980 Buddy Baker[1]
  • 1984 Cale Yarborough[1]
  • 1985 Bill Elliott[1]
  • 1987 Bill Elliott[1]
  • 1999 Jeff Gordon[1]
  • 2000 Dale Jarrett[1]

Lista dei vincitori della Daytona 500[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Exquisite-kfind.png Per approfondire, vedi List of Daytona 500 winners.

For NASCAR Grand National winners at Daytona from 1949–1958, see Daytona Beach & Road Course.

Year Date Driver Team Manufacturer No. Grid Winner's Prize
(USD)
Distance Race Time Average Speed
(mph)
Report
Laps Miles (Km)
1959 February 22 Lee Petty Petty Enterprises Oldsmobile 42 15th $19,050 200 500 (805) 3:41:22 135.521 Report
1960 February 24 Junior Johnson John Masoni Chevrolet 27 9th $19,600 200 500 (805) 4:00:30 124.74 Report
1961 February 26 Marvin Panch Smokey Yunick Pontiac 20 4th $21,050 200 500 (805) 3:20:32 149.601 Report
1962 February 18 Fireball Roberts Jim Stephens Pontiac 22 Pole $24,190 200 500 (805) 3:10:41 152.529 Report
1963 February 24 Tiny Lund Wood Brothers Racing Ford 21 12th $24,550 200 500 (805) 3:17:56 151.566 Report
1964 February 23 Richard Petty Petty Enterprises (2) Plymouth 43 2nd $33,300 200 500 (805) 3:14:23 154.334 Report
1965 February 14 Fred Lorenzen Holman-Moody Ford 28 4th $27,100 133* 332.5 (535) 2:22:56 141.539 Report
1966 February 27 Richard Petty (2) Petty Enterprises (3) Plymouth 43 Pole $28,150 198* 495 (797) 3:04:54 160.927 Report
1967 February 26 Mario Andretti Holman-Moody (2) Ford 11 12th $48,900 200 500 (805) 3:24:11 146.926 Report
1968 February 25 Cale Yarborough Wood Brothers Racing (2) Mercury 21 Pole $47,250 200 500 (805) 3:23:44 143.251 Report
1969 February 23 LeeRoy Yarbrough Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 98 19th $38,950 200 500 (805) 3:09:56 157.95 Report
1970 February 22 Pete Hamilton Petty Enterprises (4) Plymouth 40 9th $44,850 200 500 (805) 3:20:32 149.601 Report
1971 February 14 Richard Petty (3) Petty Enterprises (5) Plymouth 43 5th $45,450 200 500 (805) 3:27:40 144.462 Report
1972 February 20 A.J. Foyt Wood Brothers Racing (3) Mercury 21 2nd $44,600 200 500 (805) 3:05:42 161.55 Report
1973 February 18 Richard Petty (4) Petty Enterprises (6) Dodge 43 7th $36,100 200 500 (805) 3:10:50 157.205 Report
1974 February 17 Richard Petty (5) Petty Enterprises (7) Dodge 43 2nd $39,650 180* 450 (724) 3:11:38 140.894 Report
1975 February 16 Benny Parsons L.G. DeWitt Chevrolet 72 32nd $43,905 200 500 (805) 3:15:15 153.649 Report
1976 February 15 David Pearson Wood Brothers Racing (4) Mercury 21 7th $46,800 200 500 (805) 3:17:08 152.181 Report
1977 February 20 Cale Yarborough (2) Junior Johnson & Associates (2) Chevrolet 11 4th $63,700 200 500 (805) 3:15:48 153.218 Report
1978 February 19 Bobby Allison Bud Moore Engineering Ford 15 33rd $56,300 200 500 (805) 3:07:49 159.73 Report
1979 February 18 Richard Petty (6) Petty Enterprises (8) Oldsmobile 43 13th $73,900 200 500 (805) 3:28:22 143.977 Report
1980 February 17 Buddy Baker Ranier-Lundy Oldsmobile 28 Pole $102,175 200 500 (805) 2:48:55 177.602‡ Report
1981 February 15 Richard Petty (7) Petty Enterprises (9) Buick 43 8th $90,575 200 500 (805) 2:56:50 169.651 Report
1982 February 14 Bobby Allison (2) DiGard Motorsports Buick 88 7th $120,360 200 500 (805) 3:14:49 153.991 Report
1983 February 20 Cale Yarborough (3) Ranier-Lundy (2) Pontiac 28 8th $119,600 200 500 (805) 3:12:20 155.979 Report
1984 February 19 Cale Yarborough (4) Ranier-Lundy (3) Chevrolet 28 Pole $160,300 200 500 (805) 3:18:41 150.994 Report
1985 February 17 Bill Elliott Melling Racing Ford 9 Pole $185,500 200 500 (805) 2:54:09 172.265 Report
1986 February 16 Geoffrey Bodine Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 5 2nd $192,715 200 500 (805) 3:22:32 148.124 Report
1987 February 15 Bill Elliott (2) Melling Racing (2) Ford 9 Pole $204,150 200 500 (805) 2:50:12 176.263 Report
1988 February 14 Bobby Allison (3) Stavola Brothers Racing Buick 12 3rd $202,940 200 500 (805) 3:38:08 137.531 Report
1989 February 19 Darrell Waltrip Hendrick Motorsports (2) Chevrolet 17 2nd $184,900 200 500 (805) 3:22:04 148.466 Report
1990 February 18 Derrike Cope Whitcomb Racing Chevrolet 10 12th $188,150 200 500 (805) 3:00:59 165.761 Report
1991 February 17 Ernie Irvan Morgan-McClure Motorsports Chevrolet 4 2nd $233,000 200 500 (805) 3:22:30 148.148 Report
1992 February 16 Davey Allison Robert Yates Racing Ford 28 6th $244,050 200 500 (805) 3:07:12 160.256 Report
1993 February 14 Dale Jarrett Joe Gibbs Racing Chevrolet 18 2nd $238,200 200 500 (805) 3:13:35 154.972 Report
1994 February 20 Sterling Marlin Morgan-McClure Motorsports (2) Chevrolet 4 4th $258,275 200 500 (805) 3:11:10 156.931 Report
1995 February 19 Sterling Marlin (2) Morgan-McClure Motorsports (3) Chevrolet 4 3rd $300,460 200 500 (805) 3:31:42 141.71 Report
1996 February 18 Dale Jarrett (2) Robert Yates Racing (2) Ford 88 7th $360,775 200 500 (805) 3:14:25 154.308 Report
1997 February 16 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports (3) Chevrolet 24 6th $377,410 200 500 (805) 3:22:18 148.295 Report
1998 February 15 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 3 4th $1,059,805 200 500 (805) 2:53:42 172.712 Report
1999 February 14 Jeff Gordon (2) Hendrick Motorsports (4) Chevrolet 24 Pole $1,172,246 200 500 (805) 3:05:42 161.551 Report
2000 February 20 Dale Jarrett (3) Robert Yates Racing (3) Ford 88 Pole $1,277,975 200 500 (805) 3:12:43 155.669 Report
2001 February 18 Michael Waltrip Dale Earnhardt, Inc. Chevrolet 15 19th $1,331,185 200 500 (805) 3:05:26 161.783 Report
2002 February 17 Ward Burton Bill Davis Racing Dodge 22 19th $1,389,017 200 500 (805) 3:29:50 130.81 Report
2003 February 16 Michael Waltrip (2) Dale Earnhardt, Inc. (2) Chevrolet 15 4th $1,419,406 109* 272.5 (439) 2:02:08 133.87 Report
2004 February 15 Dale Earnhardt, Jr. Dale Earnhardt, Inc. (3) Chevrolet 8 3rd $1,495,070 200 500 (805) 3:11:53 156.341 Report
2005 February 20 Jeff Gordon (3) Hendrick Motorsports (5) Chevrolet 24 15th $1,497,150 203* 507.5 (817) 3:45:16 135.173 Report
2006 February 19 Jimmie Johnson Hendrick Motorsports (6) Chevrolet 48 9th $1,505,120 203* 507.5 (817) 3:33:26 142.667 Report
2007 February 18 Kevin Harvick Richard Childress Racing (2) Chevrolet 29 34th $1,510,469 202* 505 (813) 3:22:55 149.333 Report
2008 February 17 Ryan Newman Penske Racing Dodge 12 7th $1,543,045 200 500 (805) 3:16:30 152.672 Report
2009 February 15 Matt Kenseth Roush Fenway Racing Ford 17 39th1 $1,536,388 152* 380 (612) 2:51:40 132.816 Report
2010 February 14 Jamie McMurray Earnhardt Ganassi Racing Chevrolet 1 13th $1,514,649 208* 520 (837) 3:47:16 137.284 Report
2011 February 20 Trevor Bayne Wood Brothers Racing (5) Ford 21 32nd $1,463,810 208* 520 (837) 3:59:24 130.326 Report
2012 February 27–28* Matt Kenseth (2) Roush Fenway Racing (2) Ford 17 4th $1,589,387 202* 505 (813) 3:36:02 140.256 Report
2013 February 24 Jimmie Johnson (2) Hendrick Motorsports (7) Chevrolet 48 9th $1,525,275 200 500 (805) 3:08:23 159.25 Report
2014 February 23 Dale Earnhardt, Jr. (2) Hendrick Motorsports (8) Chevrolet 88 9th $1,506,363 200 500 (805) 3:26:29 145.29 Report
2015 February 22 Joey Logano Team Penske (2) Ford 22 5th $1,581,453 203* 507.5 (817) 3:08:02 161.939 Report

Le edizioni seguenti sono state in versione ridotta:

  • 1965: 332.5 miles (133 laps) because of rain.
  • 1966: 495 miles (198 laps) because of rain.
  • 1974: 450 miles (180 laps) Race scheduled for 90% distance in response to the energy crisis; scoring began on lap 21.
  • 2003: 272.5 miles (109 laps) because of rain.
  • 2009: 380 miles (152 laps) because of rain.

Le edizioni qui sotto sono state soggette a Green-White-Checkered finish:

  • 2005, 2006 and 2015: 507.5 miles (203 laps)
  • 2007 and 2012: 505 miles (202 laps)
  • 2010: 520 miles (208 laps) (two attempts — Lap 203 and Lap 207; This was the first time a NASCAR Sprint Cup race used the green-white-checker format 2 times to finish a race)
  • 2011: 520 miles (208 laps); two attempts

Solo una edizione non è stata svolta alla domenica

  • 2012: Rescheduled from February 26 to February 27 at 12:00 noon and later rescheduled to start at 7:00 PM ET because of rain. (This marks the first time the Daytona 500 was moved to Monday, and the first night-time Daytona 500 race.)[3]

Multiple winners (drivers)[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

# Wins Driver Years Won
7 Richard Petty 1964, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1981
4 Cale Yarborough 1968, 1977, 1983, 1984
3 Bobby Allison 1978, 1982, 1988
Dale Jarrett 1993, 1996, 2000
Jeff Gordon 1997, 1999, 2005
2 Bill Elliott 1985, 1987
Sterling Marlin 1994, 1995
Michael Waltrip 2001, 2003
Matt Kenseth 2009, 2012
Jimmie Johnson 2006, 2013
Dale Earnhardt, Jr. 2004, 2014

Multiple winners (teams)[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

# Wins Team Years Won
9 Petty Enterprises 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1979, 1981
8 Hendrick Motorsports 1986, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2013, 2014
5 Wood Brothers Racing 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 2011
3 Ranier-Lundy 1980, 1983, 1984
Morgan-McClure Motorsports 1991, 1994, 1995
Robert Yates Racing 1992, 1996, 2000
Dale Earnhardt, Inc. 2001, 2003, 2004
2 Holman-Moody 1965, 1967
Junior Johnson & Associates 1969, 1977
Melling Racing 1985, 1987
Richard Childress Racing 1998, 2007
Roush Fenway Racing 2009, 2012
Team Penske 2008, 2015

Manufacturer wins[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

# Wins Manufacturer Years Won
23 Chevrolet 1960, 1975, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2014
14 Ford 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1978, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015
4 Plymouth 1964, 1966, 1970, 1971
Dodge 1973, 1974, 2002, 2008
3 Mercury 1968, 1972, 1976
Oldsmobile 1959, 1979, 1980
Pontiac 1961, 1962, 1983
Buick 1981, 1982, 1988

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

automobilismo Portale Automobilismo: accedi alle voci di Wikipedia che trattano di automobilismo
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Past Daytona 500 Champions, CNN Sports Illustrated. URL consultato il 10 giugno 2009.
  2. ^ a b Past Daytona Pole Winners su RacingOne.com, 23 giugno 2009. URL consultato il 2009-07-18.
  3. ^ Terry Blount, Bizarre moments dominate Daytona 500 weekend, 2012-02-28. URL consultato il 2012-02-28.