Capitali degli stati indiani

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1leftarrow blue.svgVoce principale: Suddivisioni dell'India.

Le città Capitali degli stati indiani sono distinte dalla legge indiana in capitali amministrative, legislative e giudiziarie.

Elenco[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Stato o

territorio dell'Unione

capitali amministrative capitali legislative capitali giudiziarie anno di istituzione capitale precedente
1 Andamane e Nicobare Port Blair Port Blair Kolkata 1955 Calcutta (1945–1956)
2 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad[a] Hyderabad Hyderabad 1959 Kurnool (1953-1956)
3 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1986
4 Assam Dispur Guwahati Guwahati 1975 Shillong[b] (1874–1972)
5 Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1912
6 Chandigarh Chandigarh[c]  — Chandigarh 1966  —
7 Chhattisgarh Naya Raipur[d] Raipur Bilaspur 2000  —
8 Dadra e Nagar Haveli Silvassa  — Mumbai 1945 Mumbai (1954–1961)

Panaji (1961–1987)

9 Daman e Diu Daman  — Mumbai 1987 Ahmedabad (1961–1963)

Panaji (1963–1987)

10 Territorio di Delhi Nuova Delhi New Delhi New Delhi 1931  —
11 Goa Panaji[e] Porvorim Mumbai 1961 Panaji (1961–1987)
12 Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1960 Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
13 Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  —
14 Himachal Pradesh Shimla (Estate)

Dharamshala (Inverno)[1]

Shimla (Estate)

Dharamsala(Inverno)

Shimla  1971

2017

Bilaspur (1950–1956)
15 Jammu e Kashmir Srinagar (Estate)

Jammu (Inverno)

Srinagar (Estate)

Jammu (Inverno)

Srinagar (Estate)

Jammu (Inverno)

1947  —
16 Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000
17 Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1940 (Mysore)
18 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1956
19 Laccadive Kavaratti Kavaratti Kochi 1956
20 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur[f] (1861–1956)
21 Maharashtra Mumbai[g]

Nagpur (W/2nd)[h]

Mumbai (S+B)

Nagpur (W)[i]

Mumbai 1818

1960

 —
22 Manipur Imphal Imphal Imphal 1947  —
23 Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Shillong 1970  —
24 Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972  —
25 Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963  —
26 Orissa Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack (1936–1948)
27 Puducherry Puducherry Puducherry Chennai 1954 Madras (1948–1954)
28 Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966
29 Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1950  —
30 Sikkim Gangtok[j] Gangtok Gangtok 1890  —
31 Tamil Nadu Chennai[k] Chennai Chennai 1956  
32 Telangana Hyderabad[l] Hyderabad Hyderabad 2014  —
33 Tripura Agartala Agartala Agartala 1956  —
34 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1938  —
35 Uttarakhand Dehradun[m] Dehradun Nainital 2000  —
36 Bengala Occidentale Calcutta Kolkata Kolkata 1947  

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ Dopo la formazione del Telangana, a seguito dell'Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, entrambi gli stati condivideranno Hyderabad come capitale comune per dieci anni. La nuova capitale dell'Andhra Pradesh sarà Amaravati, come deciso dal governo dell'Andhra Pradesh government nell'aprile del 2016.
  2. ^ Shilong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1971.Template:Sfn
  3. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.Template:Sfn
  4. ^ Raipur is the interim capital of Chhattisgarh. The town of Naya Raipur 17 km from Raipur is envisaged as the state's new capital.
  5. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.Template:Sfn
  6. ^ Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950.Template:Sfn Central Province became the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950.Template:Sfn Nagpur remained the capital of the new state.Template:Sfn In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State. Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.Template:Sfn
  7. ^ Mumbai / Bombay was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  8. ^ In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.Template:Sfn Although an official notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.
  9. ^ Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. The winter session is held in Nagpur.Template:Sfn
  10. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.Template:Sfn
  11. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.
  12. ^ After the formation of Telangana, as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, both states will share Hyderabad as their common capital for ten years. The new Andhra Pradesh Capital City capital is going to be Amaravati, decided by the Andhra Pradesh government in April, 2016.
  13. ^ Dehradun is the interim capital of Uttarakhand. The town of Gairsain is envisaged as the state's new capital.Template:Sfn
  1. ^ (EN) Dharamshala Declared Second Capital of Himachal | Hill Post, su www.hillpost.in. URL consultato il 21 gennaio 2017.

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