25th Infantry Division (United States Army)

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25th Infantry Division
25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg
Descrizione generale
Attiva1 ottobre 1941 - oggi
NazioneStati Uniti d'America
ServizioEsercito
Guarnigione/QGSchofield Barracks, Hawaii
SoprannomeTropic Lightning
Battaglie/guerreSeconda guerra mondiale

Guerra di Corea
Guerra del Vietnam
Guerra del Golfo
Guerra in Afghanistan

Guerra in Iraq
Parte di
Comandanti
Comandante attualeCharles A. Flynn
Degni di notaJ. Lawton Collins
Frederick Weyand
William E. Ward
Simboli
25th Infantry Division DUI.pngInsegna Distintiva dell'Unità
Voci su unità militari presenti su Wikipedia

La 25th Infantry Division è una divisione di fanteria dell'Esercito degli Stati Uniti, sotto il controllo operativo dello United States Army Pacific. I suoi quartier generali sono situati presso le Schofield Barracks, nelle Hawaii.

Organizzazione[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Al gennaio 2019, la Divisione comprende le seguenti unità:

  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg Division Headquarters & Headquarters Battalion - "Defenders"
    • Army HQ Guidon.png Headquarters & Support Company
    • Army OPS Guidon.png Operations Company
    • Army SIS Guidon.png Signal, Intelligence & Sustainment Company
    • 25th Infantry Division Band
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 5INF DUI.png 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
    • 24 Infantry Regiment DUI.png 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
    • 21 INF DUI.png 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
    • 1CavRegtDUI.jpg 5th Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Troop
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop A
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop B
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop C
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop D (Anti-Tank)
    • 8 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Battery
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery A
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery B
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery C
    • 70 Eng Bn DUI.jpg 70th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company A (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company B (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Signal Guidon.png Company C (Signal Network Support)
      • Army MI Guidon.png Company D (-) (Military Intelligence)
        • TUAS Platoon - Equipaggiato con 4 RQ-7B Shadow
    • 25 Spt Bn DUI.jpg 25th Brigade Support Battalion -
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png Company A (DISTRO)
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company B (Maint)
      • Army Medical Guidon.png Company C (MED)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company D (Forward Support), aggregata al 5th Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support), aggregata al 70th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company F (Forward Support), aggregata al 2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company G (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company H (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 24th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company J (Forward Support), aggregata al 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 21 INF DUI.png 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 27 INF DUI.gif 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 1st Battalion, 151st Infantry Regiment, Indiana Army National Guard
    • 14CavRegtDUI.jpg 2nd Squadron, 14th Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Troop
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop A
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop B
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop C
    • 11 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 11th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Battery
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery A
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery B
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery C
    • 65 Eng Bn DUI.jpg 65th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company A (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company B (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Signal Guidon.png Company C (Signal Network Support)
      • Army MI Guidon.png Company D (-) (Military Intelligence)
        • TUAS Platoon - Equipaggiato con 4 RQ-7B Shadow
    • 225 Spt Bn DUI.png 225th Brigade Support Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png Company A (DISTRO)
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company B (Maint)
      • Army Medical Guidon.png Company C (MED)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company D (Forward Support), aggregata al 2nd Squadron, 14th Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support), aggregata al 65th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company F (Forward Support), aggregata al 2nd Battalion, 11th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company G (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company H (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg 3rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team - "Broncos"
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 27 INF DUI.gif 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment - "Wolfhound"
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 35th Infantry Regiment DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 35th Infantry Regiment - "Cacti"
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 442nd Infantry Regiment DUI.png 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment (USAR)
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 4CavalryRegtDUI.jpg 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment - "Raider"
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Troop
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop A
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop B
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop C
    • 7 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 3rd Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment - "Steel"
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Battery
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery A
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery B
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery C
    • 29 Eng Bn DUI.jpg 29th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company A (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company B (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Signal Guidon.png Company C (Signal Network Support)
      • Army MI Guidon.png Company D (-) (Military Intelligence)
        • TUAS Platoon - Equipaggiato con 4 RQ-7B Shadow
    • 325th Brigade Support Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png Company A (DISTRO)
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company B (Maint)
      • Army Medical Guidon.png Company C (MED)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company D (Forward Support), aggregata al 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support), aggregata al 29th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company F (Forward Support), aggregata al 3rd Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company G (Forward Support), aggregata al 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company H (Forward Support), aggregata al 2nd Battalion, 35th Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company J (Forward Support), aggregata al 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Airborne), Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska - "Spartan"
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 501-Parachute-Infantry-Regiment.svg 1st Battalion, 501st Infantry Regiment - "1 Geronimo"
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 509 Inf Rgt DUI.png 1st Battalion, 509th Infantry Regiment - "3 Geronimo"
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company A
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company B
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company C
      • Army Infantry Guidon.png Company D (Weapons)
    • 40 Cav Rgt DUI.png 1st Squadron, 40th Cavalry Regiment - "Denali"
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Troop
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop A
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop B
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop C
    • 377 FA Rgt DUI.jpg 2nd Battalion, 377th Field Artillery Regiment - "Spartan Steel"
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Battery
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery A
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery B
      • Army Artillery Guidon.png Battery C
    • 6 Eng Bn DUI.jpg 6th Brigade Engineer Battalion - "Oak"
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company A (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Engineer Guidon.png Company B (Combat Engineer)
      • Army Signal Guidon.png Company C (Signal Network Support)
      • Army MI Guidon.png Company D (-) (Military Intelligence)
        • TUAS Platoon - Equipaggiato con 4 RQ-7B Shadow
    • 725SptBnDUI.jpg 725th Brigade Support Battalion - "Centurion"
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png Company A (DISTRO)
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company B (Maint)
      • Army Medical Guidon.png Company C (MED)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company D (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Squadron, 40th Cavalry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support), aggregata al 6th Brigade Engineer Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company F (Forward Support), aggregata al 2rd Battalion, 377th Field Artillery Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company G (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 501st Infantry Regiment
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company H (Forward Support), aggregata al 1st Battalion, 509th Infantry Regiment
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg Combat Aviation Brigade
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 25 Avn Rgt DUI.gif 1st Attack Reconnaissance Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment, Fort Wainwright, Alaska - "Arctic Attack"
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company A (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company B (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company C (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company D (AVUM)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support)
    • 25 Avn Rgt DUI.gif 3rd General Support Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment - "Hammerhead"
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company A (Command) - Equipaggiata con 8 UH-60M
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company B (Heavy Lift) - Equipaggiata con 12 CH-47H
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company C (MEDEVAC) - Equipaggiata con 15 HH-60M
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company D (AVUM)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support)
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company F (ATS)
    • 25 Avn Rgt DUI.gif 2nd Assault Helicopter Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment -"Diamond Head"
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company A (Assault) - Equipaggiata con 10 UH-60M
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company B (Assault) - Equipaggiata con 10 UH-60M
      • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company C (Assault) - Equipaggiata con 10 UH-60M
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company D (AVUM)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Company E (Forward Support)
    • 6CavRegtDUI.jpg 2nd Heavy Attack Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment - "Lightning Horse"
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Troop
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop A (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D e 4 RQ-7B Shadow
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop B (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D e 4 RQ-7B Shadow
      • Army Cavalry Guidon.png Troop C (Attack/Recon) - Equipaggiata con 8 AH-64D e 4 RQ-7B Shadow
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Troop D (AVUM)
      • Army Support Guidon.png Troop E (Forward Support)
    • Army Aviation Guidon.png Company D, 25th Aviation Regiment - Equipaggiata con 12 MQ-1C Gray Eagle
    • 209 Spt Bn DUI.png 209th Aviation Support Battalion - "Lobos"
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png Company A (DISTRO)
      • Army Maint Guidon.png Company B (AVIM)
      • Army Signal Guidon.png Company C (Signal Network)
  • 25th Infantry Division CSIB.svg Field Artillery Brigade
    • 25th Infantry Division DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Battery, Division Artillery
  • 45th Sustainment Brigade SSI.svg Sustainment Brigade, 25th Infantry Division
    • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • Special Troops Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 524th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion
      • Army Support Guidon.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png 40th Quartermaster Company
      • Army QM Guidon.png 540th Quartermaster Company
      • Army Maint Guidon.png 536th Support Maintenance Company
      • Army Trans Guidon.png 25th Transportation Company (Light-Medium Truck)
      • Army Trans Guidon.png 545th Transportation Company
        • 163rd Transportation Detachment
        • 605th Transportation Detachment

Storia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Seconda Guerra Mondiale[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Dopo che i giapponesi presero di mira le Schofield Barracks il 7 dicembre 1941, la 25th Infantry Division si spostò sulle posizioni costiere in difesa di Honolulu e delle pianure di Ewa. Successivamente ad un addestramento intensivo, la divisione si trasferì a Guadalcanal il 25 novembre 1942 per rimpiazzare i Marines vicino Henderson Field. I primi elementi sbarcarono presso Tenaru River il 17 dicembre 1942, ed entrarono in combattimento il 10 gennaio 1943, partecipando all'assedio di Kokumbona e alla riduzione della sacca di Mount Austen in una dei più duri combattimenti della campagna del Pacifico. La minaccia di grandi attacchi del nemico causò una temporanea ripiegata, ma elementi della divisione sotto il controllo del XIV Corps rimpiazzarono la 147th Infantry Division e avviarono l'avanzata su Cape Esperance. La congiunzione di queste unità con le Americal Division Forces presso il capo il 5 febbraio 1943, portò a termine la resistenza nemica organizzata. Seguì un periodo di servizio di presidio, terminato il 21 luglio, in questa data elementi dell'avanzata sbarcarono a Munda, Nuova Georgia. La 35th Infantry Division, sotto il controllo delle Northern Landing Force, partecipò alla cattura di Vella Lavella dal 15 agosto al 15 settembre 1943. Nel frattempo, altri elementi sbarcarono sulla Nuova Georgia, prese Zieta, marciò attraverso la giungla per 19 giorni e catturò Bairoko Harbor, conquistando interamente l'isola. Elementi ripulirono Arundel Island il 24 settembre 1943 e Kolombangara con il suo importante aeroporto di Vila il 6 ottobre. La resistenza organizzata sulla Nuova Georgia terminò il 25 agosto e la divisione si trasferì in Nuova Zelanda per riposarsi ed addestrarsi, con gli ultimi uomini che arrivarono il 5 dicembre. La 25th fu trasferita in Nuova Caledonia tra il 3 febbraio e il 14 marzo 1944, per continuare l'addestramento.

La divisione sbarcò nell'area di San Fabian sull'isola di Luzon l'11 gennaio 1945 per entrare nella battaglia per la liberazione delle Filippine. Si spostò attraverso le pianure centrali di Luzon, incontrando il nemico a Binalonan il 17 gennaio. Spostandosi attraverso le risaie, la 25th occupò Umingan, Lupao e San Josè e distrusse una gran parte delle truppe nipponiche su Luzon. Il 21 febbraio, la divisione iniziò le operazioni sulle montagne Caraballo. Combattè a suo modo lungo la Highway no.5, prendendo Digdig, Putlan e Kapintalan subendo violenti contrattacchi nemici e prese il Passo di Balete il 13 maggio ed aprendo il varco per la valle di Cagayan il 27 maggio con la cattura di Santa Fe. Fino al 30 giugno, quando la divisione fu rimpiazzata, essa svolse attività di ripulitura. Il 1 luglio la divisione si spostò a Tarlac per un nuovo addestramento, per poi lasciarlo per il Giappone il 20 settembre.

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Controllo di autoritàVIAF (EN146637141 · LCCN (ENn84231572 · GND (DE4543434-7
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