G77 (politica)

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Gruppo di 77 paesi al 2008 in verde scuro, verde chiaro gli altri associati

Il G77 è un'organizzazione intergovernativa delle Nazioni Unite, formata da 131 paesi del mondo, principalmente in via di sviluppo.

Storia[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Il gruppo dei 77 nacque il 15 giugno del 1964, dai 77 paesi in via di sviluppo firmatari della "Dichiarazione unitaria dei 77 stati", sottoscritta alla prima sessione della Conferenza delle Nazioni Unite sullo Sviluppo e il Commercio (UNCTAD) svoltasi a Ginevra. Il primo incontro si tenne ad Algeri dal 10 al 25 ottobre 1967 e gli stati membri approvarono l'adozione della "Carta di Algeri", una struttura istituzionale permanente che si sviluppò gradualmente, con l'obiettivo di creare le Sezioni del Gruppo dei 77, tramite gli uffici di collaborazione presenti a Ginevra (UNCTAD), Nairobi (UNEP), Parigi (UNESCO), Roma (FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Washington D.C. (Gruppo dei 24). Attualmente gli Stati membri sono 130.

Stati membri[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Gli attuali stati membri sono: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua e Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia ed Erzegovina, Botswana, Brasile, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambogia, Camerun, Capo Verde, Repubblica Centro Africana, Ciad, Cile, Cina, Colombia, Isole Comore, Repubblica del Congo, Costa Rica, Costa d'Avorio, Cuba, Corea del Nord, Repubblica Democratica del Congo, Gibuti, Dominica, Repubblica Dominicana, Ecuador, Egitto, El Salvador, Guinea Equatoriale, Eritrea, Etiopia, Figi, Filippine, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Giamaica, Giordania, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Libano, Lesotho, Liberia, Libia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malesia, Maldive, Mali, Isole Marshall, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mongolia, Marocco, Mozambico, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestina, Panamá, Papua Nuova Guinea, Paraguay, Perù, Qatar, Ruanda, Saint Kitts e Nevis, Santa Lucia, Saint Vincent e Grenadine, Samoa, São Tomé e Príncipe, Arabia Saudita, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Isole Salomone, Somalia, Sudafrica, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Siria, Thailandia, Timor Est, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad e Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Emirati Arabi Uniti, Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Attività[modifica | modifica sorgente]

The Charter of Algiers, Algiers, 10 – 25 October 1967;
Lima Declaration, Lima, 25 October – 7 November 1971;
Manila Declaration, Manila, 26 January – 7 February 1975;
Report on the Conference on Economic Cooperation among Developing Countries, Mexico City, 13 – 22 September 1976;
Arusha Programme for Self-Reliance and Framework for Negotiations, Arusha, 12 – 16 February, 1979;
Communiqué on the Special Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77, New York, 11 – 14 March 1980;
Report on the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group of 77 on Economic Cooperation among Developing Countries in Continuation of the Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77, New York, March 1980, and Vienna, 3 – 7 June 1980;
Communiqué on the Special Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77, New York, 21 – 22 August 1980;
The Caracas Programme of Action on ECDC, Caracas, 13 – 19 May 1981;
Ministerial Declaration on the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing (GSTP), 8 October 1982;
The Buenos Aires Platform, Buenos Aires, 5 – 9 April 1983;
Declaration on the Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP), New Delhi, July 1985;
Brasilia Declaration on the Launching of the First Round of Negotiations within the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries, Brasilia, 22 – 23 May 1986;
The Cairo Declaration on Economic Cooperation among Developing Countries (ECDC), Cairo, 18 – 23 August 1986;
Havana Declaration, Havana, 20 – 25 April, 1987;
Agreement on a Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP), Belgrade, 11 – 13 April 1988;
Twenty-fifth anniversary Ministerial Declaration (Caracas Declaration), Caracas, 13 – 23 June 1989;
Tehran Declaration, Tehran, 19 – 23 November 1991;
Tehran Declaration on the Second Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP), Tehran, 21 November 1991;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Group of Experts on the Review and Evaluation of the Implementation of the Caracas Programme of Action (New York, 5 – 9 August 1991);
Thirtieth Anniversary Ministerial Declaration, New York, 24 June 1994;
Ministerial Statement on “An Agenda for Development”1994;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Sectoral Review Meeting of the Group of 77 on Energy (Jakarta, Indonesia, 5 – 7 September 1995);
The Midrand Declaration, Midrand, 28 April 1996;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Sectoral Meeting on Food & Agriculture of the G-77 (Georgetown, Guyana, 15 – 19 January 1996);
The San Jose Declaration and Plan of Action on South-South Trade, Investment and Finance, San Jose, 13 – 15 January 1997;
The Bali Declaration and Plan of Action on High-level Meeting on Subregional and Regional Economic Integration, Bali, 2 – 5 December 1998;
Recommendations and conclusions of the High-level Advisory Meeting on the South Summit (Jakarta, Indonesia, 10 – 11 August 1998);
The Marrakech Declaration, Marrakech, 16 September 1999;
Final Report on the Group of 77 Meeting of Eminent Personalities to advise on the preparations for the First South Summit, Georgetown, 6 – 7 December 1999;
Declaration of the South Summit and the Havana Programme of Action, Havana, 10 – 14 April 2000;
Tehran Consensus adopted by IFCC-X, Tehran, 18 – 23 August 2001;
Declaration by the Group of 77 and China on the Fourth WTO Ministerial Conference at Doha, Qatar 9 – 14 November 2001;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Meeting of the High-level Advisory Group of Eminent Personalities and Intellectuals on Globalization and its Impact on Developing Countries: Agreed conclusions and recommendations (Geneva, 12 – 14 September 2001);
The Dubai Declaration for the Promotion of Science and Technology in the South, 27 – 30 October 2002;
Declaration by the Group of 77 and China on the Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference, Cancun, Mexico, 10 – 14 September 2003;
The Marrakech Declaration on South-South Cooperation and the Marrakech Framework of the Implementation of South-South Cooperation, Marrakech, 16 – 19 December 2003;
The Sao Paulo Declaration, Sao Paulo, 11 – 12 June 2004;
Fortieth Anniversary Ministerial Declaration, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 11 – 12 June 2004;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Ad-hoc Group on the Performance, Mandates and Operating Modalities of the G-77 Chamber of Commerce and Industry (G-77 CCI) (New York, 3 November and Doha, 3 – 4 December 2004);
Conclusions and recommendation on the Group of 77 High-level Forum on Trade and Investment, Doha, Qatar, 5 – 6 December 2004;
Recommendations and conclusions of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Study Group Workshop on the Trade and Development Bank (New York, 2 – 3 May 2005);
Doha Declaration and Doha Plan of Action of the Second G-77 South Summit (Doha, Qatar, 12 – 16 June 2005);
Recommendations and conclusions of the Group of Experts Meeting on Development Platform for the South (Kingston, Jamaica, 29 – 30 August 2005);
Declaration by the Group of 77 and China in preparation of the Sixth WTO Ministerial Conference, Hong Kong, China, 13 – 18 December 2005;
Conclusions and Recommendations on the Ministers of Science and Technology of the Members States of the Group of 77, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3 September 2006.

Sezioni[modifica | modifica sorgente]

1. Ginevra-[1]
2. Nairobi-[2]
3. Parigi
4. Roma-[3]
5. Vienna-[4]

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica sorgente]

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