Boris Lyatoshynsky

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Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshynsky

Boris Mykolayovich Lyatoshynsky (Žytomyr, 3 gennaio 189515 aprile 1968) è stato un direttore d'orchestra e compositore ucraino.

Biografia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Monumento di Lyatoshynsky a Žytomyr

Nato a Žytomyr, in Ucraina, da padre docente di storia e madre pianista e cantante, cominciò a suonare pianoforte e violino all'età di 14 anni, componendo fin dall'inizio diversi brani, fra i quali un quartetto per pianoforte.

Dopo essersi diplomato nel 1913 al Žytomyr Gymnasium, Boris frequentò l'Universita di Kiev (dove si laureò nel 1918) e contemporaneamente il Conservatorio di Kiev, dove apprese la composizione da Reinhold Gliere. Nel 1920 tornò al conservatorio, ma non come alunno, bensì come insegnante di teoria musicale, e successivamente, dal 1922, di composizione, per poi passare, negli anni '30-'40 al Conservatorio di Mosca.

La sua musica appartiene alla corrente surrealista del primo '900, e spesso le sue opere furono censurate dal regime sovietico, definite come "creazioni degenerative".

Composizioni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Orchestrali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 5 symphonies
    • Symphony No. 1 A major opus 2 (1918-1919)
    • Symphony No. 2 B minor opus 26 (1935-1936) Revised in 1940.
    • Symphony No. 3 B minor opus 50 "To the 25th Anniversary of the October revolution" (1951)
    • Symphony No. 4 BTemplate:Music minor opus 63 (1963)[1]
    • Symphony No. 5 C major "Slavonic" opus 67 (1965-1966)
  • Fantastic March opus 3 (1920)
  • Overture on four Ukrainian Folk themes opus 20 (1927)
  • Suite from the Opera "The Golden Tire" opus 23 (1928)
  • Lyric Poem (1947)
  • Song of the reunification of Russia opus 49 (1949-1950)
  • Waltz (1951)
  • Suite from the Film music "Taras Shevchenko" opus 51 (1952)
  • Slavonic Concerto for piano and orchestra opus 54 (1953)
  • Suite from the Play "Romeo and Juliet" opus 56 (1955)
  • "On the Banks of Vistula", symphonic poem opus 59 (1958)
  • Orchestration of String Quartet No. 2 A major opus 4 (No. 2 Intermezzo) for orchestra (1960)
  • Polish Suite opus 60 (1961)
  • Slavonic Overture opus 61 (1961)
  • Lyric Poem "To the Memory of Gliere" opus 66 (1964)
  • Slavonic Suite opus 68 (1966)
  • Festive Overture opus 70 (1967)
  • "Grazyna", ballade after A. Mickiewicz opus 58 (1955)

Vocali/Corali Orchestrali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Festive Cantata "To the 60th Anniversary of Stalin" after Rilskov for mixed chorus and orchestra (1938)
  • "Inheritance", cantata after Shevtshenko (1939)

Da camera/strumentali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • 5 string quartets
    • String Quartet No. 1 D minor opus 1 (1915)
    • String Quartet No. 2 A major opus 4 (1922)
    • String Quartet No. 3 opus 21 (1928)
    • String Quartet No. 4 opus 43 (1943)
    • String Quartet No. 5 (1944-1951)
  • Piano Trio No. 1 opus 7 (1922) (revised in 1925)
  • Sonata for violin and piano opus 19 (1926)
  • Three Pieces after Folksong-Themes for violin and piano opus 25 (1932)
  • Piano Trio No. 2 opus 41 (1942)
  • Piano Quintet "Ukrainian Quintet" opus 42 (1942)
  • Suite on Ukrainian Folksong-Themes for string quartet opus 45 (1944)
  • Suite for wind quartet opus 46 (1944)
  • Two Mazurkas on Polonian Themes for cello and piano (1953)
  • Nocturne and Scherzino for viola and piano (1963)

Piano[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Elegy-Prelude (1920)
  • Piano Sonata No. 1 opus 13 (1924)
  • Seven Pieces "Reflections" opus 16 (1925)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 "Sonata Ballade" opus 18 (1925)
  • Ballad opus 22 (1928-1929)
  • Ballad opus 24 (1929)
  • Suite (1941)
  • Three Preludes opus 38 (1942)
  • Two Preludes opus 38b (1942)
  • Shevchenko-Suite (1942) Not finished.
  • Five Preludes opus 44 (1943)
  • Concerto Etude-Rondo (1962-1965)
  • Concert-Etude (1962-1967)

Vocali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • "Moonshadow", song after Verlaine, I.Severyanin, Balmont and Wilde opus 9 (1923)
  • Two Poems after Shelley opus 10 (1923)
  • Two Songs after Maeterlinck and Balmont opus 12 (1923)
  • Four Poems after Shelley opus 14 (1924)
  • Poems for baritone and piano opus 15 (1924)

Corali[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • The Sun Rises at the Horizon, song after Shevtshenko for chorus
  • Water, Flow into the Blue Lake!, song after Shevtshenko for chorus
  • Seasons after Pushkin for chorus
  • Po negy kradetsya luna after Pushkin for chorus
  • Kto, volny, vas ostanovil after Pushkin for chorus

Colonne Sonore[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Music to the Play "Optimistic Tragedy" (1932)
  • Music to the Film "Taras Shevtshenko" (1950)
  • Music to the Play "Romeo and Julia" (1954)
  • Music to the Film "The Hooked Pig's Snout" (1956)
  • Music to the Film "Ivan Franko" (1956)

Bandistica[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • March No. 1 for wind orchestra (1931)
  • March No. 2 for wind orchestra (1932)
  • March No. 3 for wind orchestra (1936)

Trascrizioni[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  • Orchestration of Lysenko's opera Taras Bulba (Co-operation with L. Revutsky)
  • Orchestration of Gliere's Violin Concerto (Co-operation with K. G. Mostras)

Collegamenti esterni e fonti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Note[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

  1. ^ Library of Congress Record Link to Recording of 4th and 5th Symphonies. URL consultato il 29 agosto 2008.

Altri progetti[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Controllo di autorità VIAF: 64198527 LCCN: n85345713

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