Albula vulpes

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Albula vulpes
Bonefish Albula vulpes.jpg
Stato di conservazione
Status iucn3.1 NT it.svg
Prossimo alla minaccia (nt)[1]
Classificazione scientifica
Dominio Eukaryota
Regno Animalia
Sottoregno Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Superclasse Osteichthyes
Classe Actinopterygii
Sottoclasse Neopterygii
Infraclasse Teleostei
Superordine Elopomorpha
Ordine Albuliformes
Famiglia Albulidae
Genere Albula
Specie A. vulpes
Nomenclatura binomiale
Albula vulpes
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Sinonimi

vedi testo

Nomi comuni

Bonefish

Bonefish.png

Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) noto in tutto il mondo con il nome di bonefish è un pesce osseo marino e d'acqua salmastra della famiglia Albulidae.

Descrizione[modifica | modifica sorgente]

È un pesce affusolato con testa grande con muso allungato sulla cui parte inferiore si apre la bocca, piuttosto piccola. La pinna caudale è grande e profondamente forcuta, il peduncolo caudale è abbastanza sottile. Le pinne non presentano raggi spinosi ma solo molli: la pinna dorsale e la pinna anale sono brevi, l'anale è posta molto indietro, a ridosso del peduncolo caudale. Le pinne ventrali sono anch'esse inserite molto posteriormente, sotto la pinna dorsale; le pinne pettorali sono inserite in basso, in prossimità del profilo ventrale.

Il colore è argenteo con linee scure longitudinali simili a quelle del comune cefalo.

La taglia raggiunge il metro per 10 kg di peso.

Biologia[modifica | modifica sorgente]

I giovani formano banchi numerosi, i grandi esmplari sono perlopiù solitari.

Riproduzione[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Le larve sono leptocefali.

Alimentazione[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Si ciba di organismi bentonici come crostacei, molluschi, vermi, ecc.

Distribuzione e habitat[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Questa specie è diffusa solo nelle acque americane, sia sul lato dell'Oceano Pacifico (dalla California al Perù) che su quello atlantico (dagli USA meridionali al Brasile). È molto comune nel mar dei Caraibi e nel golfo del Messico.

Popola le acque costiere molto basse e vicine alla costa su fondi sabbiosi o fangosi, soprattutto in zone con debole idrodinamismo come golfi e baie. Essendo eurialino frequenta anche gli estuari.

Tassonomia[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Sinonimi[modifica | modifica sorgente]

  • Albula conorynchus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Albula goreensis Valenciennes, 1847
  • Albula lacustris Walbaum, 1792
  • Albula parrae Valenciennes, 1847
  • Albula plumieri Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Albula rostrata Gray, 1854
  • Amia immaculata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Butyrinus bananus Lacepède, 1803
  • Clupea brasiliensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  • Clupea macrocephala Lacepède, 1803
  • Engraulis bahiensis Spix, 1829
  • Engraulis sericus Spix, 1829
  • Esox vulpes Linnaeus, 1758
  • Esunculus costai Kaup, 1856
  • Glossodus forskalii Spix & Agassiz, 1829

Pesca[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Le carni sono liscose e scadenti per cui non ha alcun interesse economico o alimentare. Ciò nonostante è insidiato massicciamente da pescatori sportivi che lo insidiano principalmente a mosca a causa della strenua difesa che oppone alla cattura.

Note[modifica | modifica sorgente]

  1. ^ (EN) Adams, A., Guindon, K., Horodysky, A., MacDonald, T., McBride, R., Shenker, J. & Ward, R., Albula vulpes in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Versione 2014.2, IUCN, 2014.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica sorgente]

  • Adams, A.J., Wolfe, R.K., Tringali, M.D., Wallace, E.M. and Kellison, G.T. 2008. Rethinking the status of Albula spp. biology in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic. In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and management of the world tarpon and bonefish fisheries, pp. 203-214. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
  • Alexander, E.C. 1961. A contribution to the life history, biology, and geographical distribution of the bonefish, Albula vulpes (Linnaeus). Dana-Report 53: 1-51.
  • Ault, J.S., Humston, R., Larkin, M.F., Perusquia, E., Farmer, N.A., Luo, Jiangang, Zurcher, N., Smith, S.G., Barbieri, L.R. and Posada, J.M. 2008. Population Dynamics and Resource Ecology of Atlantic Tarpon and Bonefish. In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries, pp. 217-258. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Bahamas Department of Fisheries. 1986. Bahamian Fisheries Regulations and Reports.
  • Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology Commission (BEST). 2005. State of the Environment. Government of the Bahamas.
  • Bowen, B.W., Karl, S.A. and Pfeiler, E. 2008. Resolving evolutionary lineages and taxonomy of bonefishes (Albula spp.). In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries, pp. 147-154. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Briggs, J.C. 1960. Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution. Copeia 1960: 171-180.
  • Clark, S.A. and Danylchuk, A.J. 2003. Introduction to the Turks and Caicos Islands bonefish reserach project tagging program. Proceedings of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 54: 396.
  • Colborn, J., Crabtree, R.E., Shakee, J.B., Pfeiler, E. and Bowen, B.W. 2001. The evolutionary enigma of bonefishes (Albula spp.): crytic species and ancient separations in a globally-distributed shorefish. Evolution 55: 807-820.
  • Colton, D.E. and Alevizon, W.S. 1983. Movement patterns of the bonefish (Albula vulpes) in Bahamian waters. Fishery Bulletin 81: 148.
  • Cooke, S.J. and Philipp, D.P. 2004. Behavior and mortality of caught-and-released bonefish (Albula spp.) in Bahamian waters with implications for a sustainable recreational fishery. Biological Conservation 118: 599.
  • Crabtree, R.E., Harnden, C.W., Snodgrass, D. and Stevens, C. 1996. Age, growth, and mortality of bonefish, Albula vulpes, from the waters of the Florida Keys. Fishery Bulletin 94: 442-451.
  • Crabtree, R.E., Snodgrass, D. and Harnden, C.W. 1997. Maturation and reporductive seasonality in bonefish, Albula vulpes, from the waters of the Florida Keys. Fishery Bulletin 95(3): 456-465.
  • Crabtree, R.E., Stevens, C., Snograss, D. and Stengard, F.J. 1998. Feeding habits of bonefish, Albula vulpes, from the waters of the Florida Keys. Fishery Bulletin 96: 754.
  • Curtis, B. 2004. Not exactly fishing (alligator fishing). In: T.N. Davidson (ed.), Bonefishin B.S. and Other Good Fish Stories, pp. 167-171. Hudson Books, Ontario, Canada.
  • Danylchuk, A.J. Cooke, S.J., Goldberg, T.L., Suski, C.D., Murchie, K.J., Danylchuk, S.E., Shultz, A.D., Haak, C.R., Brooks, E.J., Oronti, A., Koppelman, J.B., and Philipp, D.P. 2011. Aggregations and offshore movements as indicators of spawning activity of bonefish (Albula vulpes) in The Bahamas. Marine Biology 158: 1981-1999.
  • Danylchuk, A.J., Danylchuk, S.E., Cooke, S.J., Goldberg, T.L., Koppelman, J. and Philipp, D.P. 2008. Ecology and management of bonefish (Albula spp.) in the Bahamian Archipelog. In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefishes, pp. 79-92. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Danylchuk, Aj.J., Danylchuk, S.E., Cooke, S.J., Goldberg, T.L., Koppelman, J. and Philipp, D.P. 2007. Post-release mortality of bonefish (Albula spp.) exposed to different handling practices in South Eluethera, Bahamas. Fisheries Managemetn and Ecology 14: 149-159.
  • Davidson, T. 2004. Bonefish B.S. and Other Good Fish Stories. Hudson Books, Toronto.
  • Eschmeyer, W.N. 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA.
  • Fedler, A.J. 2010. The economic impact of flats fishing in The Bahamas. Report to the Everglades Foundation.
  • Fernandez, C. 2004. Fly-Fishing for Bonefish. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA.
  • Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2005. Florida's Wildlife Legacy Initiative. Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. In: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (eds). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahasee, Florida, USA.
  • Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2011. FWC enhances bonefish management. State of Florida Available at: Sito
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2007. The World's Mangroves 1980-2005. FAO Forestry Paper 153. FAO, Rome.
  • Haley, V. 2009. Acoustic Telemetry Studies of Bonefish (Albula vulpes) Movement Around Andros Island, Bahamas: Implications for Species Management. Department of Biology, Florida International University.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature Statndards and Petitions Working Group. 2008. Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. In: Standards and Petitions Working Group of the IUCN SSC Biodiversity Assessments Sub-Committee (eds), Version 7. Internation Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland.
  • IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Sito.
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  • Layman, C.A. and Silliman, B.R. 2002. Preliminary Survey and Diet Analysis of Juvenile Fishes of an Estuarine Creek on Andros Island, Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1): 199-210.
  • Layman, C.A., Arrington, D.A., Landerhans, R.B. and Silliman, B.R. 2004. Degree of fragmentation affects fish assemblage structure in Andros Island (Bahamas) estuaries. Caribbean Journal of Science 40(2): 232-244.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp : page 313. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542.
  • Mojica, R. Jr., Shenker, J.M. and Harnde, C.W. 1995. Recruitment of bonefish, Albula vulpes around Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. Fishery Bulletin 93(4): 666-675.
  • Mumby, P.J., Edwards, A.J., Arias-Gonzalez, J.E., Lindeman, K.C., Blackwell, P.G., Gall, A., Gorczynska, M.I., Harborne, A.R., Pescod, C.L., Renken, H., Wabnitz, C.C.C. and Llewellyn, G. 2004. Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean. Nature 427: 533-536.
  • Murchie, K.J., Cooke, S.J., Danylchuk, A.J., Danylchuk, S.E., Goldberg, T.L., Suski, C.D. and Philipp, C.D. 2011. Thermal biology of bonefish (Albula vulpes) in Bahamian coastal waters and tidal creeks: An integrated laboratory and field study. Journal of Thermal Biology 36: 38-48.
  • Nero, V.L. and Sullivan-Sealey, K. 2005. Characterization of tropical near-shore fish communiteies by coastal habitat status on spatially complex island systems. Environmental Biology of Fishes 73: 437.
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  • Polidoro, B.A., Carpenter, K.E., Collins, L., Duke, N.C., Ellison, A.M., Ellison, J.C., Farnsworth, E.J., Fernando, E.S., Kathiresan, K., Koedam, N.E., Livingstone, S.R., Miyago, T., Moore, G.E., Ngoc Nam, V., Eong Ong, J., Primavera, J.H., Salmo, S.G., Sanciangco, J.C., Sukardjo, S., Wang, Y. and Hong Yong, J.W. 2010. The Loss of Species: Mangrove Extinction Risk and Geographic Areas of Global Concern. Public Library of Science One 5(4): 10.
  • Posada, J.M., Debrot, D. and Weinberger, C. 2008. Aspects of the Biology and Recreational Rishery of Bonefish (Albula vulpes) from Los Roques Archipelago National Park, Venezuela. In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and Management of teh World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries, pp. 103-114. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
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  • Snodgrass, D., Crabtree, R.E. and Serafy, J.E. 2010. Abundance growth, and diet of young-of-the-year bonefish (Albula spp.) off the Florida Keys, U.S.A. . Bulletin of Marine Science 82: 185-193.
  • Turks and Caicos Islands Government. 1998. Fisheries Protection Ordinance.
  • Valdez, L.V., Cedeno, L.C. and Zurcher, N. 2008. Coastal Ecosystem Management to Support Bonefish and Tarpon Sportfishing in Peninsula de Zapata National Park, Cuba. In: J.S. Ault (ed.), Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries, pp. 93-98. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Valiela, I., Bowen, J.L. and York, J.K. 2001. Mangrove forests: one of the World's threatened major tropical environments. BioScience 51(10): 807-815.
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Altri progetti[modifica | modifica sorgente]

Collegamenti esterni[modifica | modifica sorgente]